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ROUND(3) Linux Programmer's Manual ROUND(3)


     round, roundf, roundl - round to nearest integer, away from zero


     #include <math.h>
     double round(double x);
     float roundf(float x);
     long double roundl(long double x);
     Link with -lm.
 Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
     round(), roundf(), roundl():
         _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L


     These functions round x to the nearest integer, but round halfway cases
     away from zero (regardless  of  the  current  rounding  direction,  see
     fenv(3)), instead of to the nearest even integer like rint(3).
     For example, round(0.5) is 1.0, and round(-0.5) is -1.0.


     These functions return the rounded integer value.
     If x is integral, +0, -0, NaN,  or infinite, x itself is returned.


     No  errors  occur.  POSIX.1-2001 documents a range error for overflows,
     but see NOTES.


     These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.1.


     For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
     allbox;  lbw27  lb  lb  l  l  l.  Interface Attribute Value T{ round(),
     roundf(), roundl() T}   Thread safety  MT-Safe


     C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.


     POSIX.1-2001 contains text about overflow (which  might  set  errno  to
     ERANGE,  or  raise  an FE_OVERFLOW exception).  In practice, the result
     cannot overflow on any current machine, so this error-handling stuff is
     just nonsense.  (More precisely, overflow can happen only when the max-
     imum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of mantissa bits.
     For  the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating-point numbers the
     maximum value of the exponent is 128 (respectively, 1024), and the num-
     ber of mantissa bits is 24 (respectively, 53).)
     If you want to store the rounded value in an integer type, you probably
     want to use one of the functions described in lround(3) instead.


     ceil(3), floor(3), lround(3), nearbyint(3), rint(3), trunc(3)


     This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
     description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
     latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
                                2017-09-15                          ROUND(3)
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