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     pthread_setcancelstate, pthread_setcanceltype - set cancelability state
     and type


     #include <pthread.h>
     int pthread_setcancelstate(int state, int *oldstate);
     int pthread_setcanceltype(int type, int *oldtype);
     Compile and link with -pthread.


     The pthread_setcancelstate() sets the cancelability state of the  call-
     ing  thread  to  the  value given in state.  The previous cancelability
     state of the thread is returned in the buffer pointed to  by  oldstate.
     The state argument must have one of the following values:
            The  thread  is  cancelable.   This is the default cancelability
            state in all new threads, including  the  initial  thread.   The
            thread's  cancelability type determines when a cancelable thread
            will respond to a cancellation request.
            The thread is not cancelable.   If  a  cancellation  request  is
            received, it is blocked until cancelability is enabled.
     The  pthread_setcanceltype() sets the cancelability type of the calling
     thread to the value given in type.  The previous cancelability type  of
     the  thread  is returned in the buffer pointed to by oldtype.  The type
     argument must have one of the following values:
            A cancellation request is deferred until the thread next calls a
            function  that  is a cancellation point (see pthreads(7)).  This
            is the default cancelability type in all new threads,  including
            the initial thread.
            The  thread can be canceled at any time.  (Typically, it will be
            canceled immediately upon receiving a cancellation request,  but
            the system doesn't guarantee this.)
     The  set-and-get  operation  performed  by  each  of these functions is
     atomic with respect to other threads in the process  calling  the  same


     On  success,  these functions return 0; on error, they return a nonzero
     error number.


     The pthread_setcancelstate() can fail with the following error:
     EINVAL Invalid value for state.
     The pthread_setcanceltype() can fail with the following error:
     EINVAL Invalid value for type.


     For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
     allbox; lb lb lb lw25 l l.  Interface Attribute Value T{ pthread_set-
     cancelstate(), pthread_setcanceltype() T}   Thread safety  T{ MT-Safe
     T} T{ pthread_setcancelstate(), pthread_setcanceltype() T}   Async-can-
     cel-safety T{ AC-Safe T}


     POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.


     For details of what happens when a thread is canceled, see pthread_can-
     Briefly  disabling  cancelability  is  useful if a thread performs some
     critical action that must not be interrupted by a cancellation request.
     Beware  of  disabling  cancelability for long periods, or around opera-
     tions that may block for long  periods,  since  that  will  render  the
     thread unresponsive to cancellation requests.
 Asynchronous cancelability
     Setting the cancelability type to PTHREAD_CANCEL_ASYNCHRONOUS is rarely
     useful.  Since the thread could be canceled  at  any  time,  it  cannot
     safely  reserve resources (e.g., allocating memory with malloc(3)), ac-
     quire mutexes, semaphores, or locks, and so on.  Reserving resources is
     unsafe  because the application has no way of knowing what the state of
     these resources is when the thread is canceled; that is, did  cancella-
     tion  occur  before  the  resources  were reserved, while they were re-
     served, or after they were released?  Furthermore, some  internal  data
     structures  (e.g.,  the  linked list of free blocks managed by the mal-
     loc(3) family of functions) may be left in  an  inconsistent  state  if
     cancellation  occurs in the middle of the function call.  Consequently,
     clean-up handlers cease to be useful.
     Functions that can be safely asynchronously canceled are called  async-
     cancel-safe functions.  POSIX.1-2001 and POSIX.1-2008 require only that
     pthread_cancel(3),  pthread_setcancelstate(),  and   pthread_setcancel-
     type() be async-cancel-safe.  In general, other library functions can't
     be safely called from an asynchronously cancelable thread.
     One of the few circumstances in  which  asynchronous  cancelability  is
     useful  is for cancellation of a thread that is in a pure compute-bound
 Portability notes
     The Linux threading implementations permit  the  oldstate  argument  of
     pthread_setcancelstate()  to  be  NULL,  in  which case the information
     about the previous cancelability state is not returned to  the  caller.
     Many  other  implementations  also  permit a NULL oldstat argument, but
     POSIX.1 does not specify this point, so  portable  applications  should
     always specify a non-NULL value in oldstate.  A precisely analogous set
     of statements applies for the oldtype  argument  of  pthread_setcancel-


     See pthread_cancel(3).


     pthread_cancel(3),    pthread_cleanup_push(3),   pthread_testcancel(3),


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/data/webs/external/dokuwiki/data/pages/man/pthread_setcanceltype.txt · Last modified: 2019/05/17 09:47 by

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