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KEXEC_LOAD(2) Linux Programmer's Manual KEXEC_LOAD(2)


     kexec_load, kexec_file_load - load a new kernel for later execution


     #include <linux/kexec.h>
     long kexec_load(unsigned long entry, unsigned long nr_segments,
                     struct kexec_segment *segments, unsigned long flags);
     long kexec_file_load(int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
                         unsigned long cmdline_len, const char *cmdline,
                         unsigned long flags);
     Note: There are no glibc wrappers for these system calls; see NOTES.


     The  kexec_load()  system  call loads a new kernel that can be executed
     later by reboot(2).
     The flags argument is a bit mask that controls  the  operation  of  the
     call.  The following values can be specified in flags:
     KEXEC_ON_CRASH (since Linux 2.6.13)
            Execute  the  new  kernel automatically on a system crash.  This
            "crash kernel" is loaded into an area of reserved memory that is
            determined  at  boot  time using the crashkernel kernel command-
            line  parameter.   The  location  of  this  reserved  memory  is
            exported  to  user  space  via the /proc/iomem file, in an entry
            labeled "Crash kernel".  A user-space application can parse this
            file  and  prepare  a  list of segments (see below) that specify
            this reserved memory as destination.  If this flag is specified,
            the kernel checks that the target segments specified in segments
            fall within the reserved region.
     KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT (since Linux 2.6.27)
            Preserve the system hardware and software states before  execut-
            ing  the  new  kernel.   This  could be used for system suspend.
            This flag is available only if the kernel  was  configured  with
            CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP,  and  is  effective  only  if  nr_segments is
            greater than 0.
     The high-order bits (corresponding to the  mask  0xffff0000)  of  flags
     contain  the  architecture  of the to-be-executed kernel.  Specify (OR)
     the constant KEXEC_ARCH_DEFAULT to use the current architecture, or one
     of the following architecture constants KEXEC_ARCH_386, KEXEC_ARCH_68K,
     KEXEC_ARCH_MIPS_LE.  The architecture must be executable on the CPU  of
     the system.
     The  entry  argument is the physical entry address in the kernel image.
     The nr_segments argument is the number of segments pointed  to  by  the
     segments  pointer; the kernel imposes an (arbitrary) limit of 16 on the
     number of segments.  The segments argument is an array of kexec_segment
     structures which define the kernel layout:
         struct kexec_segment {
             void   *buf;        /* Buffer in user space */
             size_t  bufsz;      /* Buffer length in user space */
             void   *mem;        /* Physical address of kernel */
             size_t  memsz;      /* Physical address length */ };
     The kernel image defined by segments is copied from the calling process
     into the kernel either in regular memory  or  in  reserved  memory  (if
     KEXEC_ON_CRASH  is  set).   The  kernel  first  performs various sanity
     checks on the information passed in segments.  If  these  checks  pass,
     the  kernel  copies  the  segment  data to kernel memory.  Each segment
     specified in segments is copied as follows:
  • buf and bufsz identify a memory region in the caller's virtual

address space that is the source of the copy. The value in bufsz

        may not exceed the value in the memsz field.
  • mem and memsz specify a physical address range that is the target of

the copy. The values specified in both fields must be multiples of

        the system page size.
  • bufsz bytes are copied from the source buffer to the target kernel

buffer. If bufsz is less than memsz, then the excess bytes in the

        kernel buffer are zeroed out.
     In case of a normal kexec (i.e., the KEXEC_ON_CRASH flag is  not  set),
     the  segment data is loaded in any available memory and is moved to the
     final destination at kexec reboot time (e.g., when the kexec(8) command
     is executed with the -e option).
     In  case  of kexec on panic (i.e., the KEXEC_ON_CRASH flag is set), the
     segment data is loaded to reserved memory at the time of the call, and,
     after  a  crash, the kexec mechanism simply passes control to that ker-
     The kexec_load() system call is available only if the kernel  was  con-
     figured with CONFIG_KEXEC.
     The  kexec_file_load()  system  call is similar to kexec_load(), but it
     takes a different set of arguments.  It reads the kernel to  be  loaded
     from  the  file  referred  to by the file descriptor kernel_fd, and the
     initrd (initial RAM disk) to be loaded from file  referred  to  by  the
     file  descriptor  initrd_fd.   The  cmdline  argument is a pointer to a
     buffer containing the command line for the new kernel.  The cmdline_len
     argument  specifies  size  of  the buffer.  The last byte in the buffer
     must be a null byte ('\0').
     The flags argument is a bit mask which modifies  the  behavior  of  the
     call.  The following values can be specified in flags:
            Unload the currently loaded kernel.
            Load  the new kernel in the memory region reserved for the crash
            kernel (as for KEXEC_ON_CRASH).  This kernel is  booted  if  the
            currently running kernel crashes.
            Loading  initrd/initramfs  is optional.  Specify this flag if no
            initramfs is being loaded.  If  this  flag  is  set,  the  value
            passed in initrd_fd is ignored.
     The kexec_file_load() system call was added to provide support for sys-
     tems where "kexec" loading should be restricted to  only  kernels  that
     are  signed.  This system call is available only if the kernel was con-
     figured with CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE.


     On success, these system calls returns 0.  On error, -1 is returned and
     errno is set to indicate the error.


            The KEXEC_ON_CRASH flags was specified, but the region specified
            by the mem and memsz fields of one of the segments entries  lies
            outside the range of memory reserved for the crash kernel.
            The value in a mem or memsz field in one of the segments entries
            is not a multiple of the system page size.
     EBADF  kernel_fd or initrd_fd is not a valid file descriptor.
     EBUSY  Another crash kernel is already being loaded or a  crash  kernel
            is already in use.
     EINVAL flags is invalid.
     EINVAL The  value  of  a  bufsz  field  in  one of the segments entries
            exceeds the value in the corresponding memsz field.
     EINVAL nr_segments exceeds KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX (16).
     EINVAL Two or more of the kernel target buffers overlap.
     EINVAL The value in cmdline[cmdline_len-1] is not '\0'.
     EINVAL The file referred to by kernel_fd or initrd_fd is empty  (length
            kernel_fd  does  not  refer to an open file, or the kernel can't
            load this file.  Currently, the file must be a bzImage and  con-
            tain  an  x86 kernel that is loadable above 4 GiB in memory (see
            the kernel source file Documentation/x86/boot.txt).
     ENOMEM Could not allocate memory.
     EPERM  The caller does not have the CAP_SYS_BOOT capability.


     The kexec_load() system call  first  appeared  in  Linux  2.6.13.   The
     kexec_file_load() system call first appeared in Linux 3.17.


     These system calls are Linux-specific.


     Currently, there is no glibc support for these system calls.  Call them
     using syscall(2).


     reboot(2), syscall(2), kexec(8)
     The kernel source files  Documentation/kdump/kdump.txt  and  Documenta-


     This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
     description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
     latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at

Linux 2017-09-15 KEXEC_LOAD(2)

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