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rfc:rfc6038

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) A. Morton Request for Comments: 6038 L. Ciavattone Updates: 5357 AT&T Labs Category: Standards Track October 2010 ISSN: 2070-1721

   Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol (TWAMP) Reflect Octets and
                     Symmetrical Size Features

Abstract

 This memo describes two closely related features for the core
 specification of the Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol (TWAMP): an
 optional capability where the responding host returns some of the
 command octets or padding octets to the sender, and an optional
 sender packet format that ensures equal test packet sizes are used in
 both directions.

Status of This Memo

 This is an Internet Standards Track document.
 This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
 (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
 received public review and has been approved for publication by the
 Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
 Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.
 Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
 and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
 http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6038.

Copyright Notice

 Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
 document authors.  All rights reserved.
 This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
 Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
 (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
 publication of this document.  Please review these documents
 carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
 to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
 include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
 the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
 described in the Simplified BSD License.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 1] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

 This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
 Contributions published or made publicly available before November
 10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
 material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
 modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
 Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
 the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
 outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
 not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
 it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
 than English.

Table of Contents

 1. Introduction ....................................................3
 2. Requirements Language ...........................................3
 3. Purpose and Scope ...............................................4
 4. TWAMP Control Extensions ........................................4
    4.1. Connection Setup with New Features .........................5
    4.2. Reflect Octets: Request-TW-Session Packet Format ...........6
    4.3. Reflect Octets: Accept Session Packet Format ...............7
    4.4. Additional Considerations ..................................9
 5. Extended TWAMP Test .............................................9
    5.1. Sender Behavior ............................................9
         5.1.1. Packet Timings ......................................9
         5.1.2. Reflect Octets: Packet Formats and Contents .........9
         5.1.3. Reflect Octets: Interaction with Padding
                Truncation .........................................11
         5.1.4. Symmetrical Size: Session-Sender Packet Format .....13
         5.1.5. Symmetrical Size AND Reflect Octets:
                Session-Sender Packet ..............................14
    5.2. Reflector Behavior ........................................14
         5.2.1. Reflect Octets: Session-Reflector Packet
                Format and Contents ................................15
         5.2.2. Symmetrical Size: Session-Reflector Packet Format ..16
         5.2.3. Symmetrical Size AND Reflect Octets:
                Session-Sender Packet Format .......................16
 6. Security Considerations ........................................17
 7. IANA Considerations ............................................17
    7.1. Registry Specification ....................................17
    7.2. Registry Contents .........................................17
 8. Acknowledgements ...............................................17
 9. Normative References ...........................................18

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 2] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

1. Introduction

 The Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol (TWAMP) [RFC5357] is an
 extension of the One-way Active Measurement Protocol (OWAMP)
 [RFC4656].  The TWAMP specification gathered wide review as it
 approached completion, and the by-products were several
 recommendations for new features in TWAMP.
 This memo describes two closely related features for TWAMP.
 One is the OPTIONAL capability for the responder host to return a
 limited number of unassigned (padding) octets to the Control-Client
 or Session-Sender entities in both the TWAMP-Control and TWAMP-Test
 protocols.  With this capability, the Control-Client or Session-
 Sender can embed octets of information it deems useful and have the
 assurance that the corresponding reply/test packet will contain that
 information when it is reflected and returned (by the Server or
 Session-Reflector).
 The memo also adds an OPTIONAL capability to ensure that reflected
 test packets are the same size in both directions of transmission.
 This is accomplished by specifying a new TWAMP-Test Session-Sender
 packet format.  Although TWAMP [RFC5357] recommends padding
 truncation to achieve symmetrical sizes (to compensate for the
 Session-Reflector's larger test packet header), it's not guaranteed
 that the Session-Reflector will truncate the padding, and it's not
 possible if there's insufficient padding.
 This memo is an update to the TWAMP core protocol specified in
 [RFC5357].  Measurement systems are not required to implement the
 features described in this memo to claim compliance with [RFC5357].
 Throughout this memo, the bits marked MBZ (Must Be Zero) MUST be set
 to zero by senders and MUST be ignored by receivers.  Also, the HMAC
 (Hashed Message Authentication Code) MUST be calculated as defined in
 Section 3.2 of [RFC4656].

2. Requirements Language

 The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
 "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
 document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 3] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

3. Purpose and Scope

 The purpose of this memo is to define two OPTIONAL closely related
 features for TWAMP [RFC5357].  The features enhance the TWAMP host's
 capabilities to perform a simple operation on control and test
 packets: the reflection of octets or padding, and the capability to
 ensure symmetrical size TWAMP-Test packets.  Motivations include
 permitting the controller host to tag packets with an index for
 simplified identification, and/or assert that the same size test
 packets will be used in each direction.
 The scope of the memo is limited to specifications of the following
 features:
 o  Reflect Octets: the capability of the Server/Session-Reflector to
    reflect specific octets back to the Client/Session-Sender, and a
    similar service provided by the Client and Session-Sender.
 o  Symmetrical Size: the capability to ensure that TWAMP-Test
    protocol uses the same packet size in both directions through
    support of a new TWAMP-Test Session-Sender test packet format in
    both the Session-Sender and the Session-Reflector.  Only the
    Session-Sender test packet format is new.
 This memo extends the modes of operation through assignment of two
 new values in the Modes field (see Section 3.1 of [RFC4656] for the
 format of the Server Greeting message), while retaining backward
 compatibility with the core TWAMP [RFC5357] implementations.  The two
 new values correspond to the two features defined in this memo.
 When the Server and Control-Client have agreed to use the Reflect
 Octets mode during control connection setup, then the Control-Client,
 the Server, the Session-Sender, and the Session-Reflector MUST all
 conform to the requirements of that mode, as identified below.
 When the Server and Control-Client have agreed to use the Symmetrical
 Size mode during control connection setup, then the Control-Client,
 the Server, the Session-Sender, and the Session-Reflector MUST all
 conform to the requirements of that mode, as identified below.

4. TWAMP Control Extensions

 TWAMP-Control protocol [RFC5357] uses the Modes field to identify and
 select specific communication capabilities, and this field is a
 recognized extension mechanism.  The following sections describe two
 such extensions.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 4] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

4.1. Connection Setup with New Features

 TWAMP connection establishment follows the procedure defined in
 Section 3.1 of [RFC4656] and Section 3.1 of [RFC5357].  The new
 features require two new bit positions (and values) to identify the
 ability of the Server/Session-Reflector to reflect specific octets
 back to the Control-Client/Session-Sender, and to support the new
 Session-Sender packet format in the TWAMP-Test protocol.  See the
 IANA section for details on the assigned values and bit positions.
 The Server sets one or both of the new bit positions in the Modes
 field of the Server Greeting message to indicate its capabilities and
 willingness to operate in either of these modes (or both) if desired.
 If the Control-Client intends to operate all test sessions invoked
 with this control connection using one or both of the new modes, it
 MUST set the Mode field bit corresponding to each function in the
 Setup Response message.  With this and other extensions, the Control-
 Client MAY set multiple Mode field bits in the Setup Response
 message.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 5] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

4.2. Reflect Octets: Request-TW-Session Packet Format

 The bits designated for the Reflect Octets feature in the Request-TW-
 Session command are as shown in the packet format below.
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |      5        |  MBZ  | IPVN  |  Conf-Sender  | Conf-Receiver |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                  Number of Schedule Slots                     |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 .                                                               .
 .           ... Many fields (66 octets) not shown ...           .
 .                                                               .
 .                                                               .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                    Padding Length  (4 octets)                 |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                      Start Time  (8 octets)                   |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                       Timeout  (8 octets)                     |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                       Type-P Descriptor                       |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |     Octets to be reflected    |  Length of padding to reflect |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                       MBZ (4 octets)                          |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                                                               |
 |                       HMAC (16 octets)                        |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 It is important to note that the Padding Length field continues to
 specify the number of padding octets that the Session-Sender will
 append to ALL TWAMP-Test packets associated with this test session.
 See below for considerations on the minimum length of the padding
 octets following the definitions of the two new fields that follow
 the Type-P Descriptor.
 Note that the number of padding octets appended to the Session-
 Reflector's test packet depends on support for the truncation process
 that TWAMP recommends, see Section 4.2.1 of [RFC5357].

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 6] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

 The Octets to be reflected field SHALL be 2 octets long, as shown,
 and contain the octets that the Server MUST reflect in the Accept
 Session message as specified below.
 The Length of padding to reflect field SHALL be 2 octets long and
 contain an unsigned binary value in units of octets.  This field
 communicates the length of the padding in the TWAMP-Test Packet that
 the Session-Sender expects to be reflected and the length of octets
 that the Session-Reflector SHALL return in its TWAMP-Test packet
 format (see Section 5.2).  By including this length field in the
 Request-TW-Session message, a Server is able to determine if it can
 comply with a specific request to reflect padding in the TWAMP-Test
 packets and to arrange for the Session-Reflector processing in
 advance.
 The Padding Length SHOULD be >= 27 octets when specifying a test
 session using the Unauthenticated TWAMP-Test mode to allow for the
 truncation process that TWAMP recommends, see Section 4.2.1 of
 [RFC5357].
 The Padding Length SHOULD be >= 56 octets when specifying a test
 session using the Authenticated or Encrypted TWAMP-Test modes to
 allow for the truncation process that TWAMP recommends, see Section
 4.2.1 of [RFC5357].
 The Padding Length SHALL be > the Length of padding to reflect when
 specifying a test session using the OPTIONAL Reflect Octets mode.
 In Unauthenticated TWAMP-Test mode, the Padding Length SHALL be >= 27
 + Length of padding to reflect octets when specifying a test session
 using both the OPTIONAL Reflect Octets mode and the truncation
 process that TWAMP recommends, see Section 4.2.1 of [RFC5357].
 In Authenticated or Encrypted TWAMP-Test modes, the Padding Length
 SHALL be >= 56 + Length of padding to reflect octets when specifying
 a test session using both the OPTIONAL Reflect Octets mode and the
 truncation process that TWAMP recommends, see Section 4.2.1 of
 [RFC5357].

4.3. Reflect Octets: Accept Session Packet Format

 The bits designated for the Reflect Padding feature in the Accept
 Session command are as shown in the packet format below.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 7] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |    Accept     |      MBZ      |            Port               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-|
 |                                                               |
 |                        SID (16 octets)                        |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |       Reflected octets        |         Server octets         |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                       MBZ (8 octets)                          |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                                                               |
 |                       HMAC (16 octets)                        |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 The Reflected octets field SHALL contain the octets from the Request-
 TW-Session Octets to be reflected field and be 2 octets long, as
 shown.
 The Server octets field SHALL contain information that the Server
 intends to be returned in the TWAMP-Test Packet Padding (to be
 reflected) field, OR SHALL be zero, and be 2 octets long, as shown.
 Although the Server determines the SID, this field is very long (16
 octets) and does not normally appear in TWAMP-Test packets.  The
 following items MUST be part of compliant implementations using the
 Reflect Octets feature:
 o  When a Server does not require octets to be returned in TWAMP-Test
    packets, it MUST send all zeros in the Server octets field.
 o  When a Server intends octets to be returned in TWAMP-Test packets,
    it MUST send a non-zero value in the Server octets field, and the
    TWAMP-Test Sender MUST include those octets at the beginning of
    the Packet Padding (to be reflected) field.
 o  Section 4.1.2 defines how Server octets MUST be included in the
    TWAMP-Test packet padding when this service is desired by the
    Server (indicated in the second of two figures in this section).

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 8] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

 When performing the truncation process that TWAMP recommends, see
 Section 4.2.1 of [RFC5357], if calculations on the Padding lengths
 reveal that there are insufficient octets supplied to produce equal-
 length Session-Sender and Session-Reflector test packets, then the
 Accept field MUST be set to 3 to indicate that some aspect of the
 request is not supported.

4.4. Additional Considerations

 The value of the Modes field sent by the Server in the Server
 Greeting message is the bit-wise OR of the mode values that it is
 willing to support during this session.
 With the publication of this memo as an RFC, the last 7 bit positions
 of the Modes 32-bit field are used.  A Control-Client conforming to
 this extension of [RFC5357] MAY ignore the values in the higher bits
 of the Modes field, or it MAY support other features that are
 communicated in those bit positions.  The other bits are available
 for future protocol extensions.

5. Extended TWAMP Test

 The TWAMP-Test protocol is similar to the OWAMP [RFC4656] test
 protocol with the exception that the Session-Reflector transmits test
 packets to the Session-Sender in response to each test packet it
 receives.  TWAMP, see Section 4 of [RFC5357], defines two additional
 test packet formats for packets transmitted by the Session-Reflector.
 The appropriate format depends on the security mode chosen.  The new
 modes specified here utilize some of the padding octets within each
 test packet format or require truncation of those octets depending on
 the security mode in use.

5.1. Sender Behavior

 This section describes extensions to the behavior of the TWAMP
 Session-Sender.

5.1.1. Packet Timings

 The Send Schedule is not utilized in TWAMP, and this is unchanged in
 this memo.

5.1.2. Reflect Octets: Packet Formats and Contents

 The Session-Sender packet format and content follow the same
 procedure and guidelines as defined in Section 4.1.2 of [RFC4656] (as
 indicated in Section 4.1.2 of [RFC5357]).

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 9] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

 The Reflect Octets mode re-designates the original TWAMP-Test Packet
 Padding field (see Section 4.1.2 of [RFC4656]), as shown below for
 Unauthenticated mode:
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                        Sequence Number                        |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                          Timestamp                            |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |         Error Estimate        |                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                               +
 |                                                               |
 |                  Packet Padding (to be reflected)             |
 .               (length in octets specified in command)         .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 .                                                               .
 .                  Additional Packet Padding                    .
 .                                                               .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 The Packet Padding (to be reflected) field SHALL correspond to the
 length of octets specified in the Request-TW-Session Length of
 padding to reflect field to this test session.  These are the octets
 that the Session-Sender expects will be returned by the Session-
 Reflector.
 The length of the Additional Packet Padding field is the difference
 between two fields in the Request-TW-Session command, as follows:
 Additional Packet Padding, in octets =
 Padding Length - Length of padding to reflect
 When a Server intends octets to be returned in TWAMP-Test packets, it
 MUST send a non-zero value in the Server octets field, and the TWAMP-
 Test Session-Sender MUST include those octets in the first 2 octets
 of the Packet Padding (to be reflected) field as shown below:

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 10] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
                                 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                                 |         Server octets         |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                                                               |
 |              Remaining Packet Padding (to be reflected)       |
 .             (total length in octets specified in command)     .
 .                                                               .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 The Server octets field contains the same information that the Server
 returned to the Control-Client in the Accept-Session message
 corresponding to this specific test session (see Section 4.3).  At
 the Session-Reflector, these octets MUST be reflected the same as the
 rest of the Packet Padding (to be reflected) field.
 Note that it is permissible for the Session-Sender to insert the same
 octets used in the Octets to be reflected field of the Request-TW-
 Session command elsewhere in the Packet Padding (to be reflected)
 field.

5.1.3. Reflect Octets: Interaction with Padding Truncation

 When the Reflect Octets mode is selected, and performing the
 truncation process that TWAMP recommends, see Section 4.2.1 of
 [RFC5357], the Session-Sender MUST anticipate a minimum padding
 required to achieve equal-size test packets in both directions.  The
 amount of padding needed to achieve symmetrical packet size depends
 on both the security mode (Unauthenticated/Authenticated/Encrypted)
 and whether the Reflect Octets mode is selected simultaneously.
 When using the truncation process in TWAMP alone, see Section 4.2.1
 of [RFC5357], the Session-Sender MUST append sufficient Packet
 Padding octets to allow the same IP packet payload lengths to be used
 in each direction of transmission (this is usually desirable).  To
 compensate for the Session-Reflector's larger test packet format, the
 Session-Sender MUST append at least 27 octets of padding in
 Unauthenticated mode, and at least 56 octets in Authenticated and
 Encrypted modes.  The sizes of TWAMP-Test protocol packets and the
 resulting truncated padding to achieve equal packet sizes in both
 directions are shown in the table below:

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 11] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

  +-------------------+----------------------+---------------------+
  | Octets in:        | Unauthenticated Mode | Auth/Encrypted Mode |
  +-------------------+----------------------+---------------------+
  | Reflector Header  | 41                   | 104                 |
  | Sender Header     | 14                   | 48                  |
  | Truncated Padding | 27                   | 56                  |
  +-------------------+----------------------+---------------------+
                     TWAMP-Test Padding Truncation
 When using the Reflect Octets mode simultaneously with the truncation
 process that TWAMP recommends in Section 4.2.1 of [RFC5357], the
 Session-Sender MUST append at least 27 octets of padding plus the
 Length of the padding to reflect octets when operating in
 Unauthenticated mode.  The Session-Sender MUST append at least 56
 octets of padding plus the Length of the padding to reflect octets
 when operating in Authenticated and Encrypted modes.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 12] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

5.1.4. Symmetrical Size: Session-Sender Packet Format

 When the Symmetrical Size mode is selected, the Session-Sender SHALL
 use the following TWAMP-Test Packet Format in Unauthenticated mode:
 Unauthenticated Mode
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                        Sequence Number                        |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                          Timestamp                            |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |         Error Estimate        |                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                               +
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 |                         MBZ (27 octets)                       |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 +               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |               |                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                                               +
 .                                                               .
 .                        Packet Padding                         .
 .                                                               .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 This feature REQUIRES only a new Session-Sender test packet format,
 the Session-Reflector test packet format is unchanged.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 13] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

5.1.5. Symmetrical Size AND Reflect Octets: Session-Sender Packet

      Format
 When both the Symmetrical Size mode and the Reflect Octets mode are
 selected, the Session-Sender SHALL use the following TWAMP-Test
 Packet Format in Unauthenticated mode:
 Unauthenticated Mode
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                        Sequence Number                        |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |                          Timestamp                            |
 |                                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |         Error Estimate        |                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                               +
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 |                         MBZ (27 octets)                       |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 |                                                               |
 +               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |               |                                               |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                                               +
 |                  Packet Padding (to be reflected)             |
 .               (length in octets specified in command)         .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 .                                                               .
 .                  Additional Packet Padding                    .
 .                                                               .
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 In this combined mode, the Packet Padding to be reflected follows the
 27 MBZ octets.  In Authenticated or Encrypted modes, the Packet
 Padding to be reflected follows the 56 MBZ octets.

5.2. Reflector Behavior

 The TWAMP Reflector follows the procedures and guidelines in Section
 4.2 of [RFC5357], with the following additional functions:
 o  Reflect Octets mode: Designated octets in the Packet Padding (to
    be reflected) field of the Session-Sender's test packet MUST be
    included in the Session-Reflector's test packet.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 14] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

 o  Symmetrical Size mode: The Session-Reflector MUST operate using
    the Session_Reflector Packet Format defined in Section 5.1.4,
    where the Padding Octets are separated from the information
    fields.

5.2.1. Reflect Octets: Session-Reflector Packet Format and Contents

 The Reflect Padding feature re-designates the Packet Padding field,
 as shown below.  When the Reflect Octets mode is selected, the
 Session-Sender SHALL use the following TWAMP-Test Packet Format in
 Unauthenticated mode:
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |                        Sequence Number                        |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |                          Timestamp                            |
  |                                                               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |         Error Estimate        |           MBZ                 |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |                          Receive Timestamp                    |
  |                                                               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |                        Sender Sequence Number                 |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |                      Sender Timestamp                         |
  |                                                               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |      Sender Error Estimate    |           MBZ                 |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |  Sender TTL   |         Packet Padding (from Session-Sender)  |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+                                               +
  .                                                               .
  +                                               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |          Packet Padding (from Session-Sender) |               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+               +
  |                                                               |
  |                                                               |
  .                  Additional Packet Padding                    .
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 The Packet Padding (from Session-Sender) field MUST be the same
 octets as the Packet Padding (to be reflected) field in the Session-
 Sender's test packet, and therefore MUST conform to the length
 specified in the Request-TW-Session message.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 15] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

 When the Server has returned a non-zero value in the Server octets
 field of the Accept Session message (as described in Section 4.3),
 then the Session-Reflector SHALL reflect these octets the same as the
 rest of the Packet Padding (to be reflected) field.
 Section 4.2.1 of [RFC5357] recommends a padding truncation process
 for use in TWAMP.  When using that process in conjunction with the
 Reflect Octets mode, the Session-Reflector MUST reflect the
 designated octets from the Session-Sender's test packet in the Packet
 Padding (from Session-Sender) field, and MAY re-use additional Packet
 Padding from the Session-Sender.  The Session-Reflector MUST truncate
 the padding such that the highest number octets are discarded, and
 the test packet length equals the Session-Sender's packet length.
 When using the recommended truncation process, the Session-Reflector
 MUST truncate exactly 27 octets of padding in Unauthenticated mode,
 and exactly 56 octets in Authenticated and Encrypted modes.
 In any case, the Session-Reflector MAY re-use the Sender's Packet
 Padding (since the requirements for padding generation are the same
 for each).

5.2.2. Symmetrical Size: Session-Reflector Packet Format

 When Symmetrical Size mode is selected, the Session-Reflector packet
 formats for Unauthenticated and Authenticated/Encrypted modes are
 identical to the core TWAMP specification, see Section 4.2.1 of
 [RFC5357].  Thus, the Session-Reflector test packet format is
 unchanged.
 The Session-Reflector MUST construct its test packet using the
 information in the Session-Sender's test packet.  The length of the
 Session-Reflector's test packet SHALL equal the length of the
 Session-Sender's test packet.

5.2.3. Symmetrical Size AND Reflect Octets: Session-Sender Packet

      Format
 When both the Symmetrical Size mode and the Reflect Octets mode are
 selected, the Session-Reflector MUST operate using the Session-Sender
 Packet Format defined in Section 5.1.5, where the Padding Octets are
 separated from the information fields, and the Packet Padding (to be
 reflected) field precedes the Additional Padding.
 The Session-Reflector SHALL use the same TWAMP-Test Packet Format as
 specified in Section 5.2.1, above.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 16] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

6. Security Considerations

 These extended modes of operation do not appear to permit any new
 attacks on hosts communicating with core TWAMP [RFC5357].
 The security considerations that apply to any active measurement of
 live networks are relevant here as well.  See [RFC4656] and
 [RFC5357].

7. IANA Considerations

 This memo adds two modes to the IANA registry for the TWAMP Modes
 field, and describes behavior when the new modes are used.  This
 field is a recognized extension mechanism for TWAMP.

7.1. Registry Specification

 IANA has created a TWAMP-Modes registry (as requested in [RFC5618]).
 TWAMP-Modes are specified in TWAMP Server Greeting messages and Setup
 Response messages, as described in Section 3.1 of [RFC5357],
 consistent with Section 3.1 of [RFC4656], and extended by this memo.
 Modes are indicated by setting bits in the 32-bit Modes field that
 correspond to values in the Modes registry.  For the TWAMP-Modes
 registry, we expect that new features will be assigned increasing
 registry values that correspond to single bit positions, unless there
 is a good reason to do otherwise (more complex encoding than single-
 bit positions may be used in the future to access the 2^32 value
 space).

7.2. Registry Contents

 The TWAMP-Modes registry has been augmented as follows:
 Value  Description             Semantics Definition
 --------------------------------------------------------
 32     Reflect Octets          this memo, Section 3.1
        Capability              new bit position (5)
 64     Symmetrical Size        this memo, Section 3.1
        Sender Test Packet Format new bit position (6)

8. Acknowledgements

 The authors thank Steve Baillargeon, Walt Steverson, and Stina Ross
 for helpful review and comments.

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 17] RFC 6038 Reflect Octets & Symmetric Size October 2010

9. Normative References

 [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
            Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
 [RFC4656]  Shalunov, S., Teitelbaum, B., Karp, A., Boote, J., and M.
            Zekauskas, "A One-way Active Measurement Protocol
            (OWAMP)", RFC 4656, September 2006.
 [RFC5357]  Hedayat, K., Krzanowski, R., Morton, A., Yum, K., and J.
            Babiarz, "A Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol (TWAMP)",
            RFC 5357, October 2008.
 [RFC5618]  Morton, A. and K. Hedayat, "Mixed Security Mode for the
            Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol (TWAMP)", RFC 5618,
            August 2009.

Authors' Addresses

 Al Morton
 AT&T Labs
 200 Laurel Avenue South
 Middletown, NJ  07748
 USA
 Phone: +1 732 420 1571
 Fax:   +1 732 368 1192
 EMail: acmorton@att.com
 URI:   http://home.comcast.net/~acmacm/
 Len Ciavattone
 AT&T Labs
 200 Laurel Avenue South
 Middletown, NJ  07748
 USA
 Phone: +1 732 420 1239
 EMail: lencia@att.com

Morton & Ciavattone Standards Track [Page 18]

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