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Network Working Group B. Reussow Request for Comments: 499 Center for Research in Computing Technology NIC: 15716 Harvard University

                                                          April 1 1973
                       HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE

Section I

 RJE was designed to provide network users with the facility of
 submitting jobs to remote servers via the ARPA net and retrieving
 results using Harvard's PDP-10.
 In order to be an expert in the use of the RJE program from a remote
 host, the user must be familiar with the FTP commands and usage.  At
 present RJE is only implemented for UCLA.  Accordingly, all examples
 will deal with the UCLA installation.  Arrangements for a password
 and a job ID must be made at UCLA before usage is to begin.  If you
 are interested, we will see to it that an account is made up for you.
 People at other sites should deal directly with UCLA to get an

Section II

                       HOW TO USE RJE AT HARVARD
 Start the program by taping R RJE<CR> at monitor level.  RJE will
 respond with a "!".
 Then type "RJE UCL<CR> to make the TELNET connection.  The TELNET
 connection is used for transfer of commands to UCLA and error
 messages from UCLA to the user of RJE.  It is important to realize
 that, in using RJE, one is talking to two systems; the local system
 (HARV-10) and the remote host where the job will actually be run.
 Therefore, there are two command processors, one local and one
 All commands to the local process begin with a *.
 Reads the specified file, which contains all job cards, JCL, program
 and data, formats it for RJS at UCLA and ships it over a data
 connection.  When using the data connection, ASCII files are
 translated into EBCDIC, the UCLA end of the connection.  After
 transfer is completed the file is immediately spooled for processing.

B. Reussow [Page 1] RFC 499 HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE April 1 1973

 Gets the next print file from UCLA's 91 and reformats the print file
 for a PDP-10 line printer.  Write the file to the user's specified
 logical device with the specified FILENAME.EXTENSION.  FILENAME is up
 to 6 characters in length and EXTENSION is up to 3 characters in
  • QUIT<CR>
 Tear down all connections used by RJE and return to monitor level.
                          (UCLA RJS COMMANDS)
 Commands to the remote process have no special character preceding a
 command.  For a explanation of the command arguments, ask Terry Sack
 Terminal Control and Information Command
 -------- ------- --- ----------- -------
 SIGNON              First command of a session identifies VRBT
                     (virtual remote batch terminal) by giving its
                     terminal ID.  For UCLA, Harvard's terminal ID is
 SIGNOFF             Last command of a session; RJS waits for any data
                     transfer in progress to complete and then closes
                     all connections.
 STATUS              Outputs on the local user's terminal a complete
                     list, or a summary, of all jobs in the system for
                     this VRBT, with an indication of their
                     progressing status in the Model 91.
 ALERT               Outputs on the user's terminal any special
                     "Alert" message from the CCN computer operator.
                     The Alert message is also automatically sent when
                     the user does a SIGNON, or whenever the message
 MSG                 Sends a message to CCN computer operator or to
                     any other RJS terminal (real or virtual).  A
                     message from the computer operator or another RJS
                     terminal will automatically appear on the user's

B. Reussow [Page 2] RFC 499 HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE April 1 1973

 Job Control and Routing Commands
 --- ------- --- ------- --------
 Under CCN's job management system, the default destination for output
 is the input source.  Thus, a job submitted under a given VRET will
 be returned to that VRBT (i.e., the same terminal ID), unless the
 user's JCL overrides the default destination.
 RJS places print and punch output destined for a particular remote
 terminal into either an Active Queue or a Deferred Queue.  When the
 user opens his print or punch output channel (via the *PRINT command
 of RJE), RJS immediately starts sending job output from the Active
 Queue, and continues until this queue is empty.  Job output in the
 Deferred Queue, on the other hand, must be called for by job name
 (via a RESET command from the remote operator) before RJS will send
 it.  The Active/Deferred choice for output from a job is determined
 by the deferral status of the VRBT when the job is entered; the
 deferral status, which is set to the Active option when the user
 signs on, may be changed by the SET command.
 SET                 Allows the remote user to change certain
                     properties of his VRBT for the duration of the
                     current session
                     (a) May change the default output destination to
                     be another (real or virtual) RJS terminal or the
                     central facility.
                     (b) May change the deferral status of the VRBT.
 DEFER               Moves the print and punch output for a specified
                     job or set of jobs from the Active Queue to the
                     Deferred Queue.  If the job's output is in
                     process of being transmitted over a channel, RJS
                     aborts the channel and saves the current output
                     location before moving the job to the Deferred
                     Queue.  A subsequent RESET command will return it
                     to the Active Queue with an implied Backspace
 RESET               Moves specified job(s) from Deferred to Active
                     Queue so they may be sent to user.  A specific
                     list of job names or all jobs can be moved with
                     one RESET command.

B. Reussow [Page 3] RFC 499 HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE April 1 1973

 ROUTE               Re-routes output of specified jobs (or all jobs)
                     waiting in the Active and Deferred Queues for
                     this VRBT.  The new destination may be any other
                     RJS terminal or the central facility.
 ABORT               Cancels a job which was successfully submitted
                     and awaiting execution or is currently executing
                     in the Model 91.  If the cancelled job was in
                     execution, all output it produced will be
 Output Stream Control Commands
 ------ ------ ------- --------
 BSP (BACKSPACE)     Backspaces output stream within current SYSOUT
                     data set.  Actual amount backspaced depends upon
                     SYSOUT blocking but is typically equivalent to a
                     page on the line printer.
 CAN (CANCEL)        (a) On an output channel, CAN causes the rest of
                     the output in the SYSOUT data set currently being
                     transmitted to be omitted.  Alternatively, may
                     omit the rest of the SYSOUT data sets for the job
                     currently being transmitted; however, the
                     remaining system and accounting messages will be
                     (b) On an input channel, CAN causes RJS to ignore
                     the job currently being read.  However, the
                     channel is not aborted as a result, and RJS will
                     continue reading in jobs on the channel.
                     (c) CAN can delete all SYSOUT data sets for
                     specified job(s) waiting in Active or Deferred
 RST (RESTART)       (a) Restarts a specified output stream at the
                     beginning of the current SYSOUT data set or,
                     optionally, at the beginning of the job.
                     (b) Marks as restarted specified job(s) whose
                     transmission was earlier interrupted by system
                     failure or user action (e.g., DEFER command or
                     aborting the channel).  When RJS transmits these
                     jobs again, it will start at the beginning of the
                     partially transmitted SYSOUT data set or,
                     optionally, at the beginning of the job.  This
                     function may be applied to jobs in either the

B. Reussow [Page 4] RFC 499 HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE April 1 1973

                     Active or the Deferred Queue; however, if the job
                     was in the Deferred Queue then RST also moves it
                     to the Active Queue.  If the job was never
                     transmitted, RST has no effect other than this
                     queue movement.
 REPEAT              Sends additional copies of the output of
                     specified jobs.
 EAM                 Echoes the card reader stream back in the printer
                     or punch stream, or both.

Section III

                     USE OF RJE FROM A REMOTE HOST
 To use RJE from a remote Host, make a TELNET connection to Harvard's
 10 via your TELNET program.  Login under one of Harvard's guest
 accounts: type LOGIN <CR>.  LOGIN will prompt you with a #.  When it
 does, type 62,# <CR>.  Answer all questions that are asked.
                      USING FTP TO TRANSFER FILES
 "*"     Prompt from FTP when no network connections are established.
 "!"      Prompt when network connections are open.
 Type R FTP<CR>, then type 'Host host # or abbreviation' <CR> to set
 up a TELNET connection.  The local FTP process will then type the
 foreign host's greeting message.
 If transferring files to or from other than a PDP-10, type the
 commands 'TYPE A' and 'BYTE 8', each followed by a carriage return.
 !USER 'Your project, programmer number'<CR>
       Tell the server who you are.  The USR command should be the
       first command to FTP.
       Retrieve a file from the foreign host.  After the message
       "transfer completed" has been typed, use the QUIT command.
       Break connections return to monitor level.  After you have
       transfered your files consult Section II for the usage of RJE.

B. Reussow [Page 5] RFC 499 HARVARD'S NETWORK RJE April 1 1973

 The RJE program formats printer output for a PDP-10 line printer.  If
 you plan to use another type of printer, special arrangements will
 have to be made.
 Also, never leave a file on Harvard's disk area when detached.  A
 detached job is a job to which no terminal is assigned.  You may find
 that your file is gone when you come back.  We have limited disk
 resources and, if a crisis arises, files belonging to detached jobs
 are subject to deletion.
       [ This RFC was put into machine readable form for entry ]
             [ into the online RFC archives by Via Genie]

B. Reussow [Page 6]

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