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rfc:rfc4357

Network Working Group V. Popov Request for Comments: 4357 I. Kurepkin Category: Informational S. Leontiev

                                                            CRYPTO-PRO
                                                          January 2006
  Additional Cryptographic Algorithms for Use with GOST 28147-89,
 GOST R 34.10-94, GOST R 34.10-2001, and GOST R 34.11-94 Algorithms

Status of This Memo

 This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
 not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
 memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

 Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

 This document describes the cryptographic algorithms and parameters
 supplementary to the original GOST specifications, GOST 28147-89,
 GOST R 34.10-94, GOST R 34.10-2001, and GOST R 34.11-94, for use in
 Internet applications.

Table of Contents

 1. Introduction ....................................................2
    1.1. Terminology ................................................2
 2. Cipher Modes and Parameters .....................................3
    2.1. GOST 28147-89 CBC Mode .....................................4
    2.2. GOST 28147-89 Padding Modes ................................4
    2.3. Key Meshing Algorithms .....................................4
         2.3.1. Null Key Meshing ....................................5
         2.3.2. CryptoPro Key Meshing ...............................5
 3. HMAC_GOSTR3411 ..................................................6
 4. PRF_GOSTR3411 ...................................................6
 5. Key Derivation Algorithms .......................................6
    5.1. VKO GOST R 34.10-94 ........................................6
    5.2. VKO GOST R 34.10-2001 ......................................7
 6. Key Wrap Algorithms .............................................7
    6.1. GOST 28147-89 Key Wrap .....................................7
    6.2. GOST 28147-89 Key Unwrap ...................................8
    6.3. CryptoPro Key Wrap .........................................8
    6.4. CryptoPro Key Unwrap .......................................9
    6.5. CryptoPro KEK Diversification Algorithm ....................9

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 1] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 7. Secret Key Diversification .....................................10
 8. Algorithm Parameters ...........................................10
    8.1. Encryption Algorithm Parameters ...........................10
    8.2. Digest Algorithm Parameters ...............................11
    8.3. GOST R 34.10-94 Public Key Algorithm Parameters ...........12
    8.4. GOST R 34.10-2001 Public Key Algorithm Parameters .........13
 9. Security Considerations ........................................14
 10. Appendix ASN.1 Modules ........................................15
    10.1. Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions ....................15
    10.2. Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax ............................17
    10.3. Gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax ..............................19
    10.4. GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax ................................21
    10.5. GostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax ..............................22
    10.6. GostR3410-94-PKISyntax ...................................23
    10.7. GostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax ..............................25
    10.8. GostR3410-2001-PKISyntax .................................27
    10.9. GostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax ............................29
 11. Appendix Parameters ...........................................30
    11.1. Encryption Algorithm Parameters ..........................30
    11.2. Digest Algorithm Parameters ..............................33
    11.3. GOST R 34.10-94 Public Key Algorithm Parameters ..........34
    11.4. GOST R 34.10-2001 Public Key Algorithm Parameters ........42
 12. Acknowledgements ..............................................46
 13. References ....................................................47
    13.1. Normative References .....................................47
    13.2. Informative References ...................................47

1. Introduction

 Russian cryptographic standards that define the algorithms GOST
 28147-89 [GOST28147], GOST R 34.10-94 [GOSTR341094], GOST R
 34.10-2001 [GOSTR341001], and GOST R34.11-94 [GOSTR341194] provide
 basic information about how the algorithms work, but supplemental
 specifications are needed to effectively use the algorithms (a brief
 English technical description of these algorithms can be found in
 [Schneier95]).
 This document is a proposal put forward by the CRYPTO-PRO Company to
 provide supplemental information and specifications needed by the
 "Russian Cryptographic Software Compatibility Agreement" community.

1.1. Terminology

 In this document, the key words MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHOULD,
 SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, and MAY are to be interpreted as described
 in [RFC2119].

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 2] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 The following functions and operators are also used in this document:
 '|' stands for concatenation.
 '~' stands for bitwise NOT operator.
 '^' stands for the power operator.
 encryptECB (K, D) is D, encrypted with key K using GOST 28147-89 in
 "prostaya zamena" (ECB) mode.
 decryptECB (K, D) is D, decrypted with key K using GOST 28147-89 in
 ECB mode.
 encryptCFB (IV, K, D) is D, encrypted with key K using GOST 28147-89
 in "gammirovanie s obratnoj svyaziyu" (64-bit CFB) mode, and IV is
 used as the initialization vector.
 encryptCNT (IV, K, D) is D, encrypted with key K using GOST 28147-89
 in "gammirovanie" (counter) mode, and IV is used as the
 initialization vector.
 gostR3411 (D) is the 256-bit result of the GOST R 34.11-94 hash
 function, used with zero initialization vector, and S-Box parameter,
 defined by id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet (see Section 11.2).
 gost28147IMIT (IV, K, D) is the 32-bit result of the GOST 28147-89 in
 "imitovstavka" (MAC) mode, used with D as plaintext, K as key and IV
 as initialization vector.  Note that the standard specifies its use
 in this mode only with an initialization vector of zero.
 When keys and initialization vectors are converted to/from byte
 arrays, little-endian byte order is assumed.

2. Cipher Modes and Parameters

 This document defines four cipher properties that allow an
 implementer to vary cipher operations.  The four parameters are the
 cipher mode, the key meshing algorithm, the padding mode, and the
 S-box.
 [GOST28147] defines only three cipher modes for GOST 28147-89: ECB,
 CFB, and counter mode.  This document defines an additional cipher
 mode, CBC.

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 3] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 When GOST 28147-89 is used to process large amounts of data, a
 symmetric key should be protected by a key meshing algorithm.  Key
 meshing transforms a symmetric key after some amount of data has been
 processed.  This document defines the CryptoPro key meshing
 algorithm.
 The cipher mode, key meshing algorithm, padding mode, and S-box are
 specified by algorithm parameters.

2.1. GOST 28147-89 CBC Mode

 This section provides the supplemental information for GOST 28147-89
 (a block-to-block primitive) needed to operate in CBC mode.
 Before each plaintext block is encrypted, it is combined with the
 cipher text of the previous block via a bitwise XOR operation.  This
 ensures that even if the plaintext contains many identical blocks,
 each block will encrypt to a different cipher text block.  The
 initialization vector is combined with the first plaintext block by a
 bitwise XOR operation before the block is encrypted.

2.2. GOST 28147-89 Padding Modes

 This section provides the supplemental information for GOST 28147-89,
 needed to operate on plaintext where the length is not divisible by
 GOST 28147-89 block size (8 bytes).
 Let x (0 < x <= 8) be the number of bytes in the last, possibly
 incomplete, block of data.
 There are three padding modes:
  * Zero padding: 8-x remaining bytes are filled with zero
  * PKCS#5 padding: 8-x remaining bytes are filled with the value of
    8-x.  If there's no incomplete block, one extra block filled with
    value 8 is added.
  * Random padding: 8-x remaining bytes of the last block are set to
    random.

2.3. Key Meshing Algorithms

 Key meshing algorithms transform the key after processing a certain
 amount of data.  In applications that must be strictly robust to
 attacks based on timing and EMI analysis, one symmetric key should
 not be used for quantities of plaintext larger than 1024 octets.

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 4] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 A key meshing algorithm affects internal cipher state; it is not a
 protocol level feature.  Its role is similar to that of a cipher
 mode.  The choice of key meshing algorithm is usually dictated by the
 encryption algorithm parameters, but some protocols explicitly
 specify applicable key meshing algorithms.
 All encryption parameter sets defined in this document specify the
 use of the CryptoPro key meshing algorithm, except for id-Gost28147-
 89-TestParamSet, which specifies use of null key meshing algorithm.

2.3.1. Null Key Meshing

 The null key meshing algorithm never changes a key.
 The identifier for this algorithm is:
     id-Gost28147-89-None-KeyMeshing OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
             keyMeshing(14) none(0) }
 There are no meaningful parameters to this algorithm.  If present,
 AlgorithmIdentifier.parameters MUST contain NULL.

2.3.2. CryptoPro Key Meshing

 The CryptoPro key meshing algorithm transforms the key and
 initialization vector every 1024 octets (8192 bits, or 256 64-bit
 blocks) of plaintext data.
 This algorithm has the same drawback as OFB cipher mode: it is
 impossible to re-establish crypto synch while decrypting a ciphertext
 if parts of encrypted data are corrupted, lost, or processed out of
 order.  Furthermore, it is impossible to re-synch even if an IV for
 each data packet is provided explicitly.  Use of this algorithm in
 protocols such as IPsec ESP requires special care.
 The identifier for this algorithm is:
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
             keyMeshing(14) cryptoPro(1) }
 There are no meaningful parameters to this algorithm.  If present,
 AlgorithmIdentifier.parameters MUST contain NULL.
 GOST 28147-89, in encrypt, decrypt, or MAC mode, starts with key K[0]
 =  K, IV0[0] = IV, i = 0.  Let IVn[0] be the value of the
 initialization vector after processing the first 1024 octets of data.

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 5] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 Processing of the next 1024 octets will start with K[1] and IV0[1],
 which are calculated using the following formula:
     K[i+1] = decryptECB (K[i], C);
     IV0[i+1] = encryptECB (K[i+1],IVn[i])
 Where C = {0x69, 0x00, 0x72, 0x22,   0x64, 0xC9, 0x04, 0x23,
            0x8D, 0x3A, 0xDB, 0x96,   0x46, 0xE9, 0x2A, 0xC4,
            0x18, 0xFE, 0xAC, 0x94,   0x00, 0xED, 0x07, 0x12,
            0xC0, 0x86, 0xDC, 0xC2,   0xEF, 0x4C, 0xA9, 0x2B};
 After processing each 1024 octets of data:
  * the resulting initialization vector is stored as IVn[i];
  * K[i+1] and IV0[i+1] are calculated;
  * i is incremented;
  * Encryption or decryption of next 1024 bytes starts, using
    the new key and IV;
 The process is repeated until all the data has been processed.

3. HMAC_GOSTR3411

 HMAC_GOSTR3411 (K,text) function is based on the hash function GOST R
 34.11-94, as defined in [HMAC], with the following parameter values:
 B = 32, L = 32.

4. PRF_GOSTR3411

 PRF_GOSTR3411 is a pseudorandom function, based on HMAC_GOSTR3411.
 It is calculated as P_hash, defined in Section 5 of [TLS].
 PRF_GOSTR3411(secret,label,seed) = P_GOSTR3411 (secret,label|seed).

5. Key Derivation Algorithms

 Standards [GOSTR341094] and [GOSTR341001] do not define any key
 derivation algorithms.
 Section 5.1 specifies algorithm VKO GOST R 34.10-94, which generates
 GOST KEK using two GOST R 34.10-94 keypairs.
 Section 5.2 specifies algorithm VKO GOST R 34.10-2001, which
 generates GOST KEK using two GOST R 34.10-2001 keypairs and UKM.
 Keypairs MUST have identical parameters.

5.1. VKO GOST R 34.10-94

 This algorithm creates a key encryption key (KEK) using the sender's
 private key and the recipient's public key (or vice versa).

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 6] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 Exchange key KEK is a 256-bit hash of the 1024-bit shared secret that
 is generated using Diffie-Hellman key agreement.
 1) Let K(x,y) = a^(x*y) (mod p), where
    x - sender's private key, a^x - sender's public key
    y - recipient's private key, a^y - recipient's public key
    a, p - parameters
 2) Calculate a 256-bit hash of K(x,y):
    KEK(x,y) = gostR3411 (K(x,y))
 Keypairs (x,a^x) and (y,a^y) MUST comply with [GOSTR341094].
 This algorithm MUST NOT be used when a^x = a (mod p) or a^y = a (mod
 p).

5.2. VKO GOST R 34.10-2001

 This algorithm creates a key encryption key (KEK) using 64 bit UKM,
 the sender's private key, and the recipient's public key (or the
 reverse of the latter pair).
 1) Let K(x,y,UKM) = ((UKM*x)(mod q)) . (y.P) (512 bit), where
    x - sender's private key (256 bit)
    x.P - sender's public key (512 bit)
    y - recipient's private key (256 bit)
    y.P - recipient's public key (512 bit)
    UKM - non-zero integer, produced as in step 2 p. 6.1 [GOSTR341001]
    P - base point on the elliptic curve (two 256-bit coordinates)
    UKM*x - x multiplied by UKM as integers
    x.P - a multiple point
 2) Calculate a 256-bit hash of K(x,y,UKM):
    KEK(x,y,UKM) = gostR3411 (K(x,y,UKM))
 Keypairs (x,x.P) and (y,y.P) MUST comply with [GOSTR341001].
 This algorithm MUST NOT be used when x.P = P, y.P = P

6. Key Wrap Algorithms

 This document defines two key wrap algorithms: GOST 28147-89 Key Wrap
 and CryptoPro Key Wrap.  These are used to encrypt a Content
 Encryption Key (CEK) with a Key Encryption Key (KEK).

6.1. GOST 28147-89 Key Wrap

 This algorithm encrypts GOST 28147-89 CEK with a GOST 28147-89 KEK.

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 7] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 Note: This algorithm MUST NOT be used with a KEK produced by VKO GOST
 R 34.10-94, because such a KEK is constant for every sender-recipient
 pair.  Encrypting many different content encryption keys on the same
 constant KEK may reveal that KEK.
 The GOST 28147-89 key wrap algorithm is:
  1) For a unique symmetric KEK, generate 8 octets at random and call
     the result UKM.  For a KEK, produced by VKO GOST R 34.10-2001,
     use the UKM that was used for key derivation.
  2) Compute a 4-byte checksum value, gost28147IMIT (UKM, KEK, CEK).
     Call the result CEK_MAC.
  3) Encrypt the CEK in ECB mode using the KEK.  Call the ciphertext
     CEK_ENC.
  4) The wrapped content-encryption key is (UKM | CEK_ENC | CEK_MAC).

6.2. GOST 28147-89 Key Unwrap

 This algorithm decrypts GOST 28147-89 CEK with a GOST 28147-89 KEK.
 The GOST 28147-89 key unwrap algorithm is:
  1) If the wrapped content-encryption key is not 44 octets, then
     error.
  2) Decompose the wrapped content-encryption key into UKM, CEK_ENC,
     and CEK_MAC.  UKM is the most significant (first) 8 octets.
     CEK_ENC is next 32 octets, and CEK_MAC is the least significant
     (last) 4 octets.
  3) Decrypt CEK_ENC in ECB mode using the KEK.  Call the output CEK.
  4) Compute a 4-byte checksum value, gost28147IMIT (UKM, KEK, CEK),
     compare the result with CEK_MAC.  If they are not equal, then
     error.

6.3. CryptoPro Key Wrap

 This algorithm encrypts GOST 28147-89 CEK with a GOST 28147-89 KEK.
 It can be used with any KEK (e.g., produced by VKO GOST R 34.10-94 or
 VKO GOST R 34.10-2001) because a unique UKM is used to diversify the
 KEK.
 The CryptoPro key wrap algorithm is:
  1) For a unique symmetric KEK or a KEK produced by VKO GOST R
     34.10-94, generate 8 octets at random.  Call the result UKM.  For
     a KEK, produced by VKO GOST R 34.10-2001, use the UKM that was
     used for key derivation.
  2) Diversify KEK, using the CryptoPro KEK Diversification Algorithm,
     described in Section 6.5.  Call the result KEK(UKM).

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 8] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

  3) Compute a 4-byte checksum value, gost28147IMIT (UKM, KEK(UKM),
     CEK).  Call the result CEK_MAC.
  4) Encrypt CEK in ECB mode using KEK(UKM).  Call the ciphertext
     CEK_ENC.
  5) The wrapped content-encryption key is (UKM | CEK_ENC | CEK_MAC).

6.4. CryptoPro Key Unwrap

 This algorithm encrypts GOST 28147-89 CEK with a GOST 28147-89 KEK.
 The CryptoPro key unwrap algorithm is:
  1) If the wrapped content-encryption key is not 44 octets, then it
     is an error.
  2) Decompose the wrapped content-encryption key into UKM, CEK_ENC,
     and CEK_MAC.  UKM is the most significant (first) 8 octets.
     CEK_ENC is next 32 octets, and CEK_MAC is the least significant
     (last) 4 octets.
  3) Diversify KEK using the CryptoPro KEK Diversification Algorithm,
     described in section 6.5.  Call the result KEK(UKM).
  4) Decrypt CEK_ENC in ECB mode using KEK(UKM).  Call the output CEK.
  5) Compute a 4-byte checksum value, gost28147IMIT (UKM, KEK(UKM),
     CEK), compare the result with CEK_MAC.  If they are not equal,
     then it is an error.

6.5. CryptoPro KEK Diversification Algorithm

 Given a random 64-bit UKM and a GOST 28147-89 key K, this algorithm
 creates a new GOST 28147-89 key K(UKM).
  1) Let K[0] = K;
  2) UKM is split into components a[i,j]:
     UKM = a[0]|..|a[7] (a[i] - byte, a[i,0]..a[i,7] - it's bits)
  3) Let i be 0.
  4) K[1]..K[8] are calculated by repeating the following algorithm
     eight times:
   A) K[i] is split into components k[i,j]:
      K[i] = k[i,0]|k[i,1]|..|k[i,7] (k[i,j] - 32-bit integer)
   B) Vector S[i] is calculated:
      S[i] = ((a[i,0]*k[i,0] + ... + a[i,7]*k[i,7]) mod 2^32) |
      (((~a[i,0])*k[i,0] + ... + (~a[i,7])*k[i,7]) mod 2^32);
   C) K[i+1] = encryptCFB (S[i], K[i], K[i])
   D) i = i + 1
  5) Let K(UKM) be K[8].

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 9] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

7. Secret Key Diversification

 This algorithm creates a GOST 28147-89 key Kd, given GOST R 34.10-94
 or GOST R 34.10-2001 secret key K and diversification data D of size
 4..40 bytes.
  1) 40-byte blob B is created from D by cloning it enough times to
     fill all 40 bytes.  For example, if D is 40-bytes long, B = D; If
     D is 6-bytes long, B = D|D|D|D|D|D|D[0..3].
  2) B is split into 8-byte UKM and 32-byte SRCKEY (B = UKM|SRCKEY).
  3) The algorithm from Section 6.5 is used to create K(UKM) from key
     K and UKM, with two differences:
       * Instead of S[i], vector (0,0,0,UKM[i],ff,ff,ff,ff XOR UKM[i])
         is used.
       * During each encryption step, only 8 out of 32 GOST 28147-89
         rounds are done.
  4) Kd is calculated:
     Kd = encryptCFB (UKM, K(UKM), SRCKEY).

8. Algorithm Parameters

 Standards [GOST28147], [GOST341194], [GOSTR341094], and [GOSTR341001]
 do not define specific values for algorithm parameters.
 This document introduces the use of ASN.1 object identifiers (OIDs)
 to specify algorithm parameters.
 Identifiers for all of the proposed parameter sets can be found in
 Appendix ASN.1 modules.  Corresponding parameter values for proposed
 parameter sets can be found in Section 11.

8.1. Encryption Algorithm Parameters

 GOST 28147-89 can be used in several modes; additional CBC mode is
 defined in Section 2.1.  It also has an S-Box parameter.  (See the
 Algorithm Parameters part in [GOST28147] in Russian; for a
 description in English, see [Schneier95], ch. 14.1, p. 331.)
 This table contains the list of proposed parameter sets for GOST
 28147-89:
  Gost28147-89-ParamSetAlgorithms ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
      { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
          id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet  } |
      { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet  } |
      { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet  } |

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 10] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

      { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet  } |
      { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet  }
  }
 Identifier values are in the Appendix ASN.1 modules, and
 corresponding parameters are in Section 11.1.
 Parameters for GOST 28147-89 are presented in the following form:
  Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters ::= SEQUENCE {
      eUZ          Gost28147-89-UZ,
      mode         INTEGER {
                       gost28147-89-CNT(0),
                       gost28147-89-CFB(1),
                       cryptoPro-CBC(2)
                   },
      shiftBits    INTEGER { gost28147-89-block(64) },
      keyMeshing   AlgorithmIdentifier
  }
  Gost28147-89-UZ ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (64))
  Gost28147-89-KeyMeshingAlgorithms  ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
      { NULL IDENTIFIED BY id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing } |
      { NULL IDENTIFIED BY id-Gost28147-89-None-KeyMeshing }
  }
   where
      eUZ        - S-box value;
      mode       - cipher mode;
      shiftBits  - cipher parameter;
      keyMeshing - key meshing algorithm identifier.

8.2. Digest Algorithm Parameters

 This table contains the list of proposed parameter sets for
 [GOST341194]:
  GostR3411-94-ParamSetAlgorithms ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
      { GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
        id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet
      } |
      { GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
        id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
      }
  }

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 11] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 Identifier values are in the Appendix ASN.1 modules, and
 corresponding parameters are in Section 11.2.
 Parameters for [GOST341194] are presented in the following form:
  GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters ::=
      SEQUENCE {
          hUZ Gost28147-89-UZ,    -- S-Box for digest
          h0  GostR3411-94-Digest -- start digest value
      }
  GostR3411-94-Digest ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (32))

8.3. GOST R 34.10-94 Public Key Algorithm Parameters

 This table contains the list of proposed parameter sets for GOST R
 34.10-94:
  GostR3410-94-ParamSetAlgorithm ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchC-ParamSet  }
  }
 Identifier values are in the Appendix ASN.1 modules, and
 corresponding parameters are in Section 11.3.
 Parameters for GOST R 34.10-94 are presented in the following form:
  GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters ::=
     SEQUENCE {
         t       INTEGER,
         p       INTEGER,
         q       INTEGER,
         a       INTEGER,
         validationAlgorithm   AlgorithmIdentifier {{

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 12] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

           GostR3410-94-ValidationAlgorithms
           }} OPTIONAL
     }
  GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters ::=
       SEQUENCE {
           x0      INTEGER,
           c       INTEGER,
           d       INTEGER OPTIONAL
       }
 Where
  t - bit length of p (512 or 1024 bits);
  p - modulus, prime number, 2^(t-1)<p<2^t;
  q - order of cyclic group, prime number, 2^254<q<2^256, q is a
      factor of p-1;
  a - generator, integer, 1<a<p-1, at that aq (mod p) = 1;
      validationAlgorithm - constant p, q and a calculating algorithm.
  x0 - seed;
  c  - used for p and q generation;
  d  - used for a generation.

8.4. GOST R 34.10-2001 Public Key Algorithm Parameters

 This table contains the list of proposed parameter sets for GOST R
 34.10-2001:
  GostR3410-2001-ParamSetAlgorithm ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
      { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-2001-TestParamSet } |
      { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet  } |
      { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
             id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet  }
  }
 Identifier values are in the Appendix ASN.1 modules, and
 corresponding parameters are in Section 11.4.
 Parameters for GOST R 34.10-2001 are presented in the following form:

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 13] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

  GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters ::=
     SEQUENCE {
         a       INTEGER,
         b       INTEGER,
         p       INTEGER,
         q       INTEGER,
         x       INTEGER,
         y       INTEGER
     }
  a, b - coefficients a and b of the elliptic curve E;
  p    - prime number - elliptic curve modulus;
  q    - prime number - order of cyclic group;
  x, y - base point p coordinates.

9. Security Considerations

 It is RECOMMENDED that software applications verify signature values
 and subject public keys and algorithm parameters to conform to
 [GOSTR341001] and [GOSTR341094] standards prior to their use.
 Cryptographic algorithm parameters affect rigidity of algorithms.
 The algorithm parameters proposed and described herein, except for
 the test parameter sets (id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet, id-GostR3411-
 94-TestParamSet, id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet, id-GostR3410-2001-
 TestParamSet), have been analyzed by a special certification
 laboratory of Scientific and Technical Center, "ATLAS", and by the
 Center of Certificational Investigations in appropriate levels of
 target_of_evaluation (TOE), according to [RFDSL], [RFLLIC], and
 [CRYPTOLIC].
 Use of the test parameter sets or parameter sets not described herein
 is NOT RECOMMENDED.  When different parameters are used, it is
 RECOMMENDED that they be subjected to examination by an authorized
 agency with approved methods of cryptographic analysis.

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 14] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

10. Appendix ASN.1 Modules

10.1. Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions

 Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
       cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
       cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
   -- Crypto-Pro OID branch
     id-CryptoPro OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2) }
     id-CryptoPro-algorithms OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         id-CryptoPro
     id-CryptoPro-modules OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro other(1) modules(1) }
     id-CryptoPro-hashes OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms hashes(30) }
     id-CryptoPro-encrypts OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms encrypts(31) }
     id-CryptoPro-signs OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms signs(32) }
     id-CryptoPro-exchanges OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms exchanges(33) }
     id-CryptoPro-extensions OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro extensions(34) }
     id-CryptoPro-ecc-signs OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms ecc-signs(35) }
     id-CryptoPro-ecc-exchanges OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms ecc-exchanges(36) }
     id-CryptoPro-private-keys OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms private-keys(37) }
     id-CryptoPro-policyIds OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
       { id-CryptoPro policyIds(38) }
     id-CryptoPro-policyQt OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro policyQt(39) }
     id-CryptoPro-pkixcmp-infos OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 15] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms pkixcmp-infos(41) }
     id-CryptoPro-audit-service-types OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms audit-service-types(42) }
     id-CryptoPro-audit-record-types OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms audit-record-types(43) }
     id-CryptoPro-attributes OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms attributes(44) }
     id-CryptoPro-name-service-types OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms name-service-types(45) }
  1. - ASN.1 modules of Russian Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R"
  2. - Specifications

cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=

         { id-CryptoPro-modules
           cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
   -- GOST R 34.11-94
     gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax(1) 1 }
     gostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax(7) 1 }
   -- GOST R 34.10-94
     gostR3410-94-PKISyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules  gostR3410-94-PKISyntax(2) 1 }
     gostR3410-94-SignatureSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gostR3410-94-SignatureSyntax(3) 1 }
     gostR3410-EncryptionSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gostR3410-EncryptionSyntax(5) 2 }
     gostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules  gostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax(8) 1 }
   -- GOST R 34.10-2001
     gostR3410-2001-PKISyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules  gostR3410-2001-PKISyntax(9) 1 }
     gostR3410-2001-SignatureSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules
           gostR3410-2001-SignatureSyntax(10) 1 }
     gostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules
           gostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax(12) 1 }
   -- GOST 28147-89
     gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax(4) 1 }
     gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax(6) 1 }
   -- Extended Key Usage for Crypto-Pro

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 16] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

     gost-CryptoPro-ExtendedKeyUsage OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules
           gost-CryptoPro-ExtendedKeyUsage(13) 1 }
   -- Crypto-Pro Private keys
     gost-CryptoPro-PrivateKey OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost-CryptoPro-PrivateKey(14) 1 }
   -- Crypto-Pro PKIXCMP structures
     gost-CryptoPro-PKIXCMP OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost-CryptoPro-PKIXCMP(15) 1 }
   -- Crypto-Pro Transport Layer Security structures
     gost-CryptoPro-TLS OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost-CryptoPro-TLS(16) 1 }
  1. - Crypto-Pro Policy

gost-CryptoPro-Policy OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=

         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost-CryptoPro-Policy(17) 1 }
     gost-CryptoPro-Constants OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-modules gost-CryptoPro-Constants(18) 1 }
   -- Useful types
     ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= CLASS {
         &id    OBJECT IDENTIFIER UNIQUE,
         &Type  OPTIONAL
     }
     WITH SYNTAX { [&Type] IDENTIFIED BY &id }
 END -- Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions

10.2. Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax

 Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax(4) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS EXPLICIT TAGS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         id-CryptoPro-algorithms, id-CryptoPro-encrypts,
         ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 17] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
     ;
   -- GOST 28147-89 OID
     id-Gost28147-89 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gost28147-89(21) }
     id-Gost28147-89-MAC OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gost28147-89-MAC(22) }
   -- GOST 28147-89 cryptographic parameter sets OIDs
     id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts test(0) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-A(1) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-B(2) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-C(3) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-D(4) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-Oscar-1-1-ParamSet
       OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-Oscar-1-1(5) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-Oscar-1-0-ParamSet
       OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-Oscar-1-0(6) }
     id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-RIC-1-ParamSet
       OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-encrypts cryptopro-RIC-1(7) }
   -- GOST 28147-89 Types
     Gost28147-89-UZ ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (64))
     Gost28147-89-IV ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (8))
     Gost28147-89-Key ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (32))
     Gost28147-89-MAC ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (1..4))
     Gost28147-89-EncryptedKey ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             encryptedKey Gost28147-89-Key,
             maskKey      [0] IMPLICIT Gost28147-89-Key OPTIONAL,
             macKey       Gost28147-89-MAC (SIZE (4))
         }
     Gost28147-89-ParamSet ::=
         OBJECT IDENTIFIER (
             id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet |
                 -- Only for testing purposes
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet |
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet |
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet |

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 18] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet |
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-Oscar-1-1-ParamSet |
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-Oscar-1-0-ParamSet |
             id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-RIC-1-ParamSet
         )
     Gost28147-89-BlobParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             encryptionParamSet Gost28147-89-ParamSet,
             ...
         }
   -- GOST 28147-89 encryption algorithm parameters
     Gost28147-89-Parameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             iv                   Gost28147-89-IV,
             encryptionParamSet   Gost28147-89-ParamSet
         }
     Gost28147-89-Algorithms ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { Gost28147-89-Parameters IDENTIFIED BY
                         id-Gost28147-89 }
     }
 END -- Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax

10.3. Gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax

 Gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax(6) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS EXPLICIT TAGS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         id-CryptoPro-algorithms, id-CryptoPro-encrypts,
         gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax, ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
         Gost28147-89-UZ,
         Gost28147-89-ParamSet,

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 19] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

         id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet,
         id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet,
         id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet,
         id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet,
         id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet
         FROM Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
              gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
         AlgorithmIdentifier
         FROM PKIX1Explicit88 {iso(1) identified-organization(3)
         dod(6) internet(1) security(5) mechanisms(5) pkix(7)
         id-mod(0) id-pkix1-explicit-88(1)}
     ;
   -- GOST 28147-89 cryptographic parameter sets:
   -- OIDs for parameter sets are imported from
   -- Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
   Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters ::=
     SEQUENCE {
         eUZ             Gost28147-89-UZ,
         mode            INTEGER {
                             gost28147-89-CNT(0),
                             gost28147-89-CFB(1),
                             cryptoPro-CBC(2)
                         },
         shiftBits       INTEGER { gost28147-89-block(64) },
         keyMeshing      AlgorithmIdentifier
     }
   Gost28147-89-ParamSetAlgorithms ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
     { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet  } |
     { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet  } |
     { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet  } |
     { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet  } |
     { Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet  }
   }
   id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing  OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
     { id-CryptoPro-algorithms keyMeshing(14) cryptoPro(1) }
   id-Gost28147-89-None-KeyMeshing OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
     { id-CryptoPro-algorithms keyMeshing(14) none(0) }
   Gost28147-89-KeyMeshingAlgorithms  ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
     { NULL IDENTIFIED BY id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing } |
     { NULL IDENTIFIED BY id-Gost28147-89-None-KeyMeshing }
   }
 END -- Gost28147-89-ParamSetSyntax

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 20] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

10.4. GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax

 GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax(1) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         id-CryptoPro-algorithms, id-CryptoPro-hashes,
         ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
     ;
   -- GOST R 34.11-94 OID
     id-GostR3411-94 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gostR3411-94(9) }
   -- GOST R 34.11-94 cryptographic parameter set OIDs
     id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-hashes test(0) }
     id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-hashes cryptopro(1) }
   -- GOST R 34.11-94 data types
     GostR3411-94-Digest ::= OCTET STRING (SIZE (32))
   -- GOST R 34.11-94 digest algorithm & parameters
     GostR3411-94-DigestParameters ::=
         OBJECT IDENTIFIER (
                 id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet |
                     -- Only for testing purposes
                 id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
         )
     GostR3411-94-DigestAlgorithms ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { NULL IDENTIFIED BY id-GostR3411-94 } |
                 -- Assume id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
         { GostR3411-94-DigestParameters
                 IDENTIFIED BY id-GostR3411-94 }
     }

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 21] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 END -- GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax

10.5. GostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax

 GostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax(7) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax,
         gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax,
         ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
         Gost28147-89-UZ
         FROM Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
              gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
         id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet,
         id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet,
         GostR3411-94-Digest
         FROM GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax
              gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax
     ;
   -- GOST R 34.11-94 cryptographic parameter sets:
   -- OIDs for parameter sets are imported from
   -- GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax
     GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             hUZ Gost28147-89-UZ,    -- S-Box for digest
             h0  GostR3411-94-Digest -- initial digest value
         }
     GostR3411-94-ParamSetAlgorithms ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet
         } |
         { GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 22] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

                 id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
         }
     }
 END -- GostR3411-94-ParamSetSyntax

10.6. GostR3410-94-PKISyntax

 GostR3410-94-PKISyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gostR3410-94-PKISyntax(2) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         id-CryptoPro-algorithms,
         id-CryptoPro-signs, id-CryptoPro-exchanges,
         gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax,
         gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax, ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
         Gost28147-89-ParamSet
         FROM Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
              gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
         id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet,
         id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
         FROM GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax
     ;
   -- GOST R 34.10-94 OIDs
     id-GostR3410-94 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gostR3410-94(20) }
     id-GostR3410-94DH OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gostR3410-94DH(99) }
     id-GostR3411-94-with-GostR3410-94 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms
           gostR3411-94-with-gostR3410-94(4) }
   -- GOST R 34.10-94 public key parameter set OIDs
     id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 23] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

         { id-CryptoPro-signs test(0) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-signs cryptopro-A(2) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-signs cryptopro-B(3) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-signs cryptopro-C(4) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-signs cryptopro-D(5) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-exchanges cryptopro-XchA(1) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-exchanges cryptopro-XchB(2) }
     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchC-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-exchanges cryptopro-XchC(3) }
   -- GOST R 34.10-94 data types
     GostR3410-94-CertificateSignature ::=
         BIT STRING ( SIZE(256..512) )
     GostR3410-94-PublicKey ::=
         OCTET STRING ( SIZE(
                         64 |    -- Only for testing purposes
                         128
                         ) )
     GostR3410-94-PublicKeyParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             publicKeyParamSet
                 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (
                     id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet |
                         -- Only for testing purposes
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchC-ParamSet
                 ),
             digestParamSet
                 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (
                     id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet |
                         -- Only for testing purposes
                     id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
                 ),
             encryptionParamSet Gost28147-89-ParamSet OPTIONAL
         }
     GostR3410-94-PublicKeyAlgorithms  ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { GostR3410-94-PublicKeyParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                         id-GostR3410-94 }

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 24] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

     }
 END -- GostR3410-94-PKISyntax

10.7. GostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax

 GostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax(8) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         id-CryptoPro-algorithms,
         id-CryptoPro-signs, id-CryptoPro-exchanges,
         gostR3410-94-PKISyntax, ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
         id-GostR3410-94,
         id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchC-ParamSet
         FROM GostR3410-94-PKISyntax gostR3410-94-PKISyntax
         AlgorithmIdentifier
         FROM PKIX1Explicit88 {iso(1) identified-organization(3)
         dod(6) internet(1) security(5) mechanisms(5) pkix(7)
         id-mod(0) id-pkix1-explicit-88(1)}
     ;
   -- GOST R 34.10-94 public key parameter sets:
   -- OIDs for parameter sets are imported from
   -- GostR3410-94-PKISyntax
     GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters-t ::= INTEGER (512 | 1024)
                 -- 512 - only for testing purposes

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 25] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

     GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             t GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters-t,
             p INTEGER,  -- 2^1020 < p < 2^1024 or 2^509 < p < 2^512
             q INTEGER,  --  2^254 < q < 2^256
             a INTEGER,  --      1 < a < p-1 < 2^1024-1
             validationAlgorithm
                 AlgorithmIdentifier OPTIONAL
                 -- {{ GostR3410-94-ValidationAlgorithms }}
         }
     GostR3410-94-ParamSetAlgorithm ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchC-ParamSet  }
     }
   -- GOST R 34.10-94 validation/constructor
     id-GostR3410-94-a           OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-GostR3410-94 a(1) }
     id-GostR3410-94-aBis        OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-GostR3410-94 aBis(2) }
     id-GostR3410-94-b           OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-GostR3410-94 b(3) }
     id-GostR3410-94-bBis        OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-GostR3410-94 bBis(4) }
     GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters-c ::=
         INTEGER (0 ..  65535)
     GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             x0   GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters-c,
             c    GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters-c,
             d    INTEGER OPTIONAL -- 1 < d < p-1 < 2^1024-1
         }
     GostR3410-94-ValidationBisParameters-c ::=
         INTEGER (0 ..  4294967295)

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 26] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

     GostR3410-94-ValidationBisParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             x0   GostR3410-94-ValidationBisParameters-c,
             c    GostR3410-94-ValidationBisParameters-c,
             d    INTEGER OPTIONAL -- 1 < d < p-1 < 2^1024-1
         }
     GostR3410-94-ValidationAlgorithms  ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters IDENTIFIED BY
               id-GostR3410-94-a } |
         { GostR3410-94-ValidationBisParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                         id-GostR3410-94-aBis } |
         { GostR3410-94-ValidationParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                         id-GostR3410-94-b } |
         { GostR3410-94-ValidationBisParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                         id-GostR3410-94-bBis }
     }
 END -- GostR3410-94-ParamSetSyntax

10.8. GostR3410-2001-PKISyntax

 GostR3410-2001-PKISyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gostR3410-2001-PKISyntax(9) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         id-CryptoPro-algorithms,
         id-CryptoPro-ecc-signs, id-CryptoPro-ecc-exchanges,
         gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax,
         gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax, ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
         Gost28147-89-ParamSet
         FROM Gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax
              gost28147-89-EncryptionSyntax

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 27] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

         id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet,
         id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
         FROM GostR3411-94-DigestSyntax gostR3411-94-DigestSyntax
     ;
   -- GOST R 34.10-2001 OIDs
     id-GostR3410-2001 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gostR3410-2001(19) }
     id-GostR3410-2001DH OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms gostR3410-2001DH(98) }
     id-GostR3411-94-with-GostR3410-2001 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-algorithms
           gostR3411-94-with-gostR3410-2001(3) }
   -- GOST R 34.10-2001 public key parameter set OIDs
     id-GostR3410-2001-TestParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-ecc-signs test(0) }
     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-ecc-signs cryptopro-A(1) }
     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-ecc-signs cryptopro-B(2) }
     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
         { id-CryptoPro-ecc-signs cryptopro-C(3) }
     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet
         OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
                 { id-CryptoPro-ecc-exchanges cryptopro-XchA(0) }
     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet
         OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::=
                 { id-CryptoPro-ecc-exchanges cryptopro-XchB(1) }
   -- GOST R 34.10-2001 Data Types
     GostR3410-2001-CertificateSignature ::=
         BIT STRING ( SIZE(256..512) )
     GostR3410-2001-PublicKey ::=
         OCTET STRING ( SIZE(64) )
     GostR3410-2001-PublicKeyParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             publicKeyParamSet
                 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (
                     id-GostR3410-2001-TestParamSet |
                         -- Only for testing purposes
                     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet |
                     id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet
                 ),
             digestParamSet
                 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (
                     id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet |
                         -- Only for testing purposes

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 28] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

                     id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
                 ),
             encryptionParamSet Gost28147-89-ParamSet OPTIONAL
         }
     GostR3410-2001-PublicKeyAlgorithms  ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { GostR3410-2001-PublicKeyParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                         id-GostR3410-2001 }
     }
 END -- GostR3410-2001-PKISyntax

10.9. GostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax

 GostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax
     { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2) cryptopro(2)
       other(1) modules(1) gostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax(12) 1 }
 DEFINITIONS ::=
 BEGIN
 -- EXPORTS All --
 -- The types and values defined in this module are exported for
 -- use in the other ASN.1 modules contained within the Russian
 -- Cryptography "GOST" & "GOST R" Specifications, and for the use
 -- of other applications that will use them to access Russian
 -- Cryptography services.  Other applications may use them for
 -- their own purposes, but this will not constrain extensions and
 -- modifications needed to maintain or improve the Russian
 -- Cryptography service.
     IMPORTS
         gostR3410-2001-PKISyntax, ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER,
         cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
         FROM Cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions
             { iso(1) member-body(2) ru(643) rans(2)
               cryptopro(2) other(1) modules(1)
               cryptographic-Gost-Useful-Definitions(0) 1 }
         id-GostR3410-2001,
         id-GostR3410-2001-TestParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet,
         id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet
         FROM GostR3410-2001-PKISyntax gostR3410-2001-PKISyntax
     ;
     GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters ::=
         SEQUENCE {
             a INTEGER,  -- 0 < a < p < 2^256
             b INTEGER,  -- 0 < b < p < 2^256
             p INTEGER,  -- 2^254 < p < 2^256
             q INTEGER,  -- 2^254 < q < 2^256

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 29] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

             x INTEGER,  -- 0 < x < p < 2^256
             y INTEGER   -- 0 < y < p < 2^256
         }
   -- GOST R 34.10-2001 public key parameter set:
   -- OIDs for parameter sets are imported from
   -- GostR3410-2001-PKISyntax
     GostR3410-2001-ParamSetAlgorithm ALGORITHM-IDENTIFIER ::= {
         { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-2001-TestParamSet } |
         { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet  } |
         { GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters IDENTIFIED BY
                 id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet  }
     }
 END -- GostR3410-2001-ParamSetSyntax

11. Appendix Parameters

 Parameters here are given as SEQUENCE OF AlgorithmIdentifier in ASN.1
 DER encoding [X.660], stored in the same format as the examples in
 [RFC4134], can be extracted using the same program.
 If you want to extract without the program, copy all the lines
 between the "|>" and "|<" markers, remove any page breaks, and remove
 the "|" in the first column of each line.  The result is a valid
 Base64 blob that can be processed by any Base64 decoder.

11.1. Encryption Algorithm Parameters

 For each AlgorithmIdentifier in this sequence, the parameters field
 contains Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters.
     0 30  480: SEQUENCE {
     4 30   94:  SEQUENCE {
     6 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-Gost28147-89-TestParamSet
    15 30   83:   SEQUENCE {
    17 04   64:    OCTET STRING
              :     4C DE 38 9C 29 89 EF B6 FF EB 56 C5 5E C2 9B 02
              :     98 75 61 3B 11 3F 89 60 03 97 0C 79 8A A1 D5 5D
              :     E2 10 AD 43 37 5D B3 8E B4 2C 77 E7 CD 46 CA FA
              :     D6 6A 20 1F 70 F4 1E A4 AB 03 F2 21 65 B8 44 D8

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 30] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

    83 02    1:    INTEGER 0
    86 02    1:    INTEGER 64
    89 30    9:    SEQUENCE {
    91 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :      id-Gost28147-89-None-KeyMeshing
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   100 30   94:  SEQUENCE {
   102 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet
   111 30   83:   SEQUENCE {
   113 04   64:    OCTET STRING
  1. - K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8
  2. - 9 3 E E B 3 1 B
  3. - 6 7 4 7 5 A D A
  4. - 3 E 6 A 1 D 2 F
  5. - 2 9 2 C 9 C 9 5
  6. - 8 8 B D 8 1 7 0
  7. - B A 3 1 D 2 A C
  8. - 1 F D 3 F 0 6 E
  9. - 7 0 8 9 0 B 0 8
  10. - A 5 C 0 E 7 8 6
  11. - 4 2 F 2 4 5 C 2
  12. - E 6 5 B 2 9 4 3
  13. - F C A 4 3 4 5 9
  14. - C B 0 F C 8 F 1
  15. - 0 4 7 8 7 F 3 7
  16. - D D 1 5 A E B D
  17. - 5 1 9 6 6 6 E 4
              :     93 EE B3 1B 67 47 5A DA 3E 6A 1D 2F 29 2C 9C 95
              :     88 BD 81 70 BA 31 D2 AC 1F D3 F0 6E 70 89 0B 08
              :     A5 C0 E7 86 42 F2 45 C2 E6 5B 29 43 FC A4 34 59
              :     CB 0F C8 F1 04 78 7F 37 DD 15 AE BD 51 96 66 E4
   179 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   182 02    1:    INTEGER 64
   185 30    9:    SEQUENCE {
   187 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :      id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   196 30   94:  SEQUENCE {
   198 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet
   207 30   83:   SEQUENCE {

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 31] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

   209 04   64:    OCTET STRING
              :     80 E7 28 50 41 C5 73 24 B2 00 C2 AB 1A AD F6 BE
              :     34 9B 94 98 5D 26 5D 13 05 D1 AE C7 9C B2 BB 31
              :     29 73 1C 7A E7 5A 41 42 A3 8C 07 D9 CF FF DF 06
              :     DB 34 6A 6F 68 6E 80 FD 76 19 E9 85 FE 48 35 EC
   275 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   278 02    1:    INTEGER 64
   281 30    9:    SEQUENCE {
   283 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :      id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   292 30   94:  SEQUENCE {
   294 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet
   303 30   83:   SEQUENCE {
   305 04   64:    OCTET STRING
              :     10 83 8C A7 B1 26 D9 94 C7 50 BB 60 2D 01 01 85
              :     9B 45 48 DA D4 9D 5E E2 05 FA 12 2F F2 A8 24 0E
              :     48 3B 97 FC 5E 72 33 36 8F C9 C6 51 EC D7 E5 BB
              :     A9 6E 6A 4D 7A EF F0 19 66 1C AF C3 33 B4 7D 78
   371 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   374 02    1:    INTEGER 64
   377 30    9:    SEQUENCE {
   379 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :      id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   388 30   94:  SEQUENCE {
   390 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet
   399 30   83:   SEQUENCE {
   401 04   64:    OCTET STRING
              :     FB 11 08 31 C6 C5 C0 0A 23 BE 8F 66 A4 0C 93 F8
              :     6C FA D2 1F 4F E7 25 EB 5E 60 AE 90 02 5D BB 24
              :     77 A6 71 DC 9D D2 3A 83 E8 4B 64 C5 D0 84 57 49
              :     15 99 4C B7 BA 33 E9 AD 89 7F FD 52 31 28 16 7E
   467 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   470 02    1:    INTEGER 64
   473 30    9:    SEQUENCE {
   475 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :      id-Gost28147-89-CryptoPro-KeyMeshing
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
              :  }

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 32] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 |>Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters.bin
 |MIIB4DBeBgcqhQMCAh8AMFMEQEzeOJwpie+2/+tWxV7CmwKYdWE7ET+JYAOXDHmK
 |odVd4hCtQzdds460LHfnzUbK+tZqIB9w9B6kqwPyIWW4RNgCAQACAUAwCQYHKoUD
 |AgIOADBeBgcqhQMCAh8BMFMEQJPusxtnR1raPmodLyksnJWIvYFwujHSrB/T8G5w
 |iQsIpcDnhkLyRcLmWylD/KQ0WcsPyPEEeH833RWuvVGWZuQCAQECAUAwCQYHKoUD
 |AgIOATBeBgcqhQMCAh8CMFMEQIDnKFBBxXMksgDCqxqt9r40m5SYXSZdEwXRrsec
 |srsxKXMceudaQUKjjAfZz//fBts0am9oboD9dhnphf5INewCAQECAUAwCQYHKoUD
 |AgIOATBeBgcqhQMCAh8DMFMEQBCDjKexJtmUx1C7YC0BAYWbRUja1J1e4gX6Ei/y
 |qCQOSDuX/F5yMzaPycZR7Nflu6luak167/AZZhyvwzO0fXgCAQECAUAwCQYHKoUD
 |AgIOATBeBgcqhQMCAh8EMFMEQPsRCDHGxcAKI76PZqQMk/hs+tIfT+cl615grpAC
 |Xbskd6Zx3J3SOoPoS2TF0IRXSRWZTLe6M+mtiX/9UjEoFn4CAQECAUAwCQYHKoUD
 |AgIOAQ==
 |<Gost28147-89-ParamSetParameters.bin

11.2. Digest Algorithm Parameters

 For each AlgorithmIdentifier in this sequence, the parameters field
 contains GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters.
     0 30  226: SEQUENCE {
     3 30  111:  SEQUENCE {
     5 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3411-94-TestParamSet
    14 30  100:   SEQUENCE {
    16 04   64:    OCTET STRING
  1. - pi1 pi2 pi3 pi4 pi5 pi6 pi7 pi8
  2. - 4 E 5 7 6 4 D 1
  3. - A B 8 D C B B F
  4. - 9 4 1 A 7 A 4 D
  5. - 2 C D 1 1 0 1 0
  6. - D 6 A 0 5 7 3 5
  7. - 8 D 3 8 F 2 F 7
  8. - 0 F 4 9 D 1 5 A
  9. - E A 2 F 8 D 9 4
  10. - 6 2 E E 4 3 0 9
  11. - B 3 F 4 A 6 A 2
  12. - 1 8 C 6 9 8 E 3
  13. - C 1 7 C E 5 7 E
  14. - 7 0 6 B 0 9 6 6
  15. - F 7 0 2 3 C 8 B
  16. - 5 5 9 5 B F 2 8
  17. - 3 9 B 3 2 E C C
              :     4E 57 64 D1 AB 8D CB BF 94 1A 7A 4D 2C D1 10 10
              :     D6 A0 57 35 8D 38 F2 F7 0F 49 D1 5A EA 2F 8D 94
              :     62 EE 43 09 B3 F4 A6 A2 18 C6 98 E3 C1 7C E5 7E
              :     70 6B 09 66 F7 02 3C 8B 55 95 BF 28 39 B3 2E CC

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 33] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

    82 04   32:    OCTET STRING
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :    }
              :   }
   116 30  111:  SEQUENCE {
   118 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3411-94-CryptoProParamSet
   127 30  100:   SEQUENCE {
   129 04   64:    OCTET STRING
              :     A5 74 77 D1 4F FA 66 E3 54 C7 42 4A 60 EC B4 19
              :     82 90 9D 75 1D 4F C9 0B 3B 12 2F 54 79 08 A0 AF
              :     D1 3E 1A 38 C7 B1 81 C6 E6 56 05 87 03 25 EB FE
              :     9C 6D F8 6D 2E AB DE 20 BA 89 3C 92 F8 D3 53 BC
   195 04   32:    OCTET STRING
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :    }
              :   }
              :  }
 |>GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters.bin
 |MIHiMG8GByqFAwICHgAwZARATldk0auNy7+UGnpNLNEQENagVzWNOPL3D0nRWuov
 |jZRi7kMJs/SmohjGmOPBfOV+cGsJZvcCPItVlb8oObMuzAQgAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
 |AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAwbwYHKoUDAgIeATBkBECldHfRT/pm41THQkpg
 |7LQZgpCddR1PyQs7Ei9UeQigr9E+GjjHsYHG5lYFhwMl6/6cbfhtLqveILqJPJL4
 |01O8BCAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA==
 |<GostR3411-94-ParamSetParameters.bin

11.3. GOST R 34.10-94 Public Key Algorithm Parameters

 For each AlgorithmIdentifier in this sequence, the parameters field
 contains GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters.
     0 30 2882: SEQUENCE {
     4 30  209:  SEQUENCE {
     7 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-TestParamSet
    16 30  197:   SEQUENCE {
    19 02    2:    INTEGER 512
    23 02   65:    INTEGER
              :     00 EE 81 72 AE 89 96 60 8F B6 93 59 B8 9E B8 2A
              :     69 85 45 10 E2 97 7A 4D 63 BC 97 32 2C E5 DC 33
              :     86 EA 0A 12 B3 43 E9 19 0F 23 17 75 39 84 58 39
              :     78 6B B0 C3 45 D1 65 97 6E F2 19 5E C9 B1 C3 79
              :     E3
    90 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 98 91 5E 7E C8 26 5E DF CD A3 1E 88 F2 48 09

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 34] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :     DD B0 64 BD C7 28 5D D5 0D 72 89 F0 AC 6F 49 DD
              :     2D
   125 02   65:    INTEGER
              :     00 9E 96 03 15 00 C8 77 4A 86 95 82 D4 AF DE 21
              :     27 AF AD 25 38 B4 B6 27 0A 6F 7C 88 37 B5 0D 50
              :     F2 06 75 59 84 A4 9E 50 93 04 D6 48 BE 2A B5 AA
              :     B1 8E BE 2C D4 6A C3 D8 49 5B 14 2A A6 CE 23 E2
              :     1C
   192 30   22:    SEQUENCE {
   194 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-a
   203 30   11:     SEQUENCE {
   205 02    2:      INTEGER 24265
   209 02    2:      INTEGER 29505
   213 02    1:      INTEGER 2
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   216 30  342:  SEQUENCE {
   220 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet
   229 30  329:   SEQUENCE {
   233 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
   237 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 B4 E2 5E FB 01 8E 3C 8B 87 50 5E 2A 67 55 3C
              :     5E DC 56 C2 91 4B 7E 4F 89 D2 3F 03 F0 33 77 E7
              :     0A 29 03 48 9D D6 0E 78 41 8D 3D 85 1E DB 53 17
              :     C4 87 1E 40 B0 42 28 C3 B7 90 29 63 C4 B7 D8 5D
              :     52 B9 AA 88 F2 AF DB EB 28 DA 88 69 D6 DF 84 6A
              :     1D 98 92 4E 92 55 61 BD 69 30 0B 9D DD 05 D2 47
              :     B5 92 2D 96 7C BB 02 67 18 81 C5 7D 10 E5 EF 72
              :     D3 E6 DA D4 22 3D C8 2A A1 F7 D0 29 46 51 A4 80
              :     DF
   369 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 97 24 32 A4 37 17 8B 30 BD 96 19 5B 77 37 89
              :     AB 2F FF 15 59 4B 17 6D D1 75 B6 32 56 EE 5A F2
              :     CF
   404 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 8F D3 67 31 23 76 54 BB E4 1F 5F 1F 84 53 E7
              :     1C A4 14 FF C2 2C 25 D9 15 30 9E 5D 2E 62 A2 A2
              :     6C 71 11 F3 FC 79 56 8D AF A0 28 04 2F E1 A5 2A
              :     04 89 80 5C 0D E9 A1 A4 69 C8 44 C7 CA BB EE 62
              :     5C 30 78 88 8C 1D 85 EE A8 83 F1 AD 5B C4 E6 77
              :     6E 8E 1A 07 50 91 2D F6 4F 79 95 64 99 F1 E1 82
              :     47 5B 0B 60 E2 63 2A DC D8 CF 94 E9 C5 4F D1 F3
              :     B1 09 D8 1F 00 BF 2A B8 CB 86 2A DF 7D 40 B9 36
              :     9A
   536 30   24:    SEQUENCE {

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 35] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

   538 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
   547 30   13:     SEQUENCE {
   549 02    4:      INTEGER 1376285941
   555 02    5:      INTEGER
              :       00 EE 39 AD B3
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   562 30  427:  SEQUENCE {
   566 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet
   575 30  414:   SEQUENCE {
   579 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
   583 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 C6 97 1F C5 75 24 B3 0C 90 18 C5 E6 21 DE 15
              :     49 97 36 85 4F 56 A6 F8 AE E6 5A 7A 40 46 32 B1
              :     BC F0 34 9F FC AF CB 0A 10 31 77 97 1F C1 61 2A
              :     DC DB 8C 8C C9 38 C7 02 25 C8 FD 12 AF F0 1B 1D
              :     06 4E 0A D6 FD E6 AB 91 59 16 6C B9 F2 FC 17 1D
              :     92 F0 CC 7B 6A 6B 2C D7 FA 34 2A CB E2 C9 31 5A
              :     42 D5 76 B1 EC CE 77 A9 63 15 7F 3D 0B D9 6A 8E
              :     B0 B0 F3 50 2A D2 38 10 1B 05 11 63 34 F1 E5 B7
              :     AB
   715 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 B0 9D 63 4C 10 89 9C D7 D4 C3 A7 65 74 03 E0
              :     58 10 B0 7C 61 A6 88 BA B2 C3 7F 47 5E 30 8B 06
              :     07
   750 02  128:    INTEGER
              :     3D 26 B4 67 D9 4A 3F FC 9D 71 BF 8D B8 93 40 84
              :     13 72 64 F3 C2 E9 EB 16 DC A2 14 B8 BC 7C 87 24
              :     85 33 67 44 93 4F D2 EF 59 43 F9 ED 0B 74 5B 90
              :     AA 3E C8 D7 0C DC 91 68 24 78 B6 64 A2 E1 F8 FB
              :     56 CE F2 97 2F EE 7E DB 08 4A F7 46 41 9B 85 4F
              :     AD 02 CC 3E 36 46 FF 2E 1A 18 DD 4B EB 3C 44 F7
              :     F2 74 55 88 02 96 49 67 45 46 CC 91 87 C2 07 FB
              :     8F 2C EC E8 E2 29 3F 68 39 5C 47 04 AF 04 BA B5
   881 30  110:    SEQUENCE {
   883 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
   892 30   99:     SEQUENCE {
   894 02    4:      INTEGER 1536654555
   900 02    4:      INTEGER 1855361757
   906 02   85:      INTEGER
              :       00 BC 3C BB DB 7E 6F 84 82 86 E1 9A D9 A2 7A 8E
              :       29 7E 5B 71 C5 3D D9 74 CD F6 0F 93 73 56 DF 69
              :       CB C9 7A 30 0C CC 71 68 5C 55 30 46 14 7F 11 56
              :       8C 4F DD F3 63 D9 D8 86 43 83 45 A6 2C 3B 75 96
              :       3D 65 46 AD FA BF 31 B3 12 90 D1 2C AE 65 EC B8

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 36] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :       30 9E F6 67 82
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
   993 30  351:  SEQUENCE {
   997 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet
  1006 30  338:   SEQUENCE {
  1010 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
  1014 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 9D 88 E6 D7 FE 33 13 BD 2E 74 5C 7C DD 2A B9
              :     EE 4A F3 C8 89 9E 84 7D E7 4A 33 78 3E A6 8B C3
              :     05 88 BA 1F 73 8C 6A AF 8A B3 50 53 1F 18 54 C3
              :     83 7C C3 C8 60 FF D7 E2 E1 06 C3 F6 3B 3D 8A 4C
              :     03 4C E7 39 42 A6 C3 D5 85 B5 99 CF 69 5E D7 A3
              :     C4 A9 3B 2B 94 7B 71 57 BB 1A 1C 04 3A B4 1E C8
              :     56 6C 61 45 E9 38 A6 11 90 6D E0 D3 2E 56 24 94
              :     56 9D 7E 99 9A 0D DA 5C 87 9B DD 91 FE 12 4D F1
              :     E9
  1146 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 FA DD 19 7A BD 19 A1 B4 65 3E EC F7 EC A4 D6
              :     A2 2B 1F 7F 89 3B 64 1F 90 16 41 FB B5 55 35 4F
              :     AF
  1181 02  128:    INTEGER
              :     74 47 ED 71 56 31 05 99 07 0B 12 60 99 47 A5 C8
              :     C8 A8 62 5C F1 CF 25 2B 40 7B 33 1F 93 D6 39 DD
              :     D1 BA 39 26 56 DE CA 99 2D D0 35 35 43 29 A1 E9
              :     5A 6E 32 D6 F4 78 82 D9 60 B8 F1 0A CA FF 79 6D
              :     13 CD 96 11 F8 53 DA B6 D2 62 34 83 E4 67 88 70
              :     84 93 93 7A 1A 29 44 25 98 AE C2 E0 74 20 22 56
              :     34 40 FE 9C 18 74 0E CE 67 65 AC 05 FA F0 24 A6
              :     4B 02 6E 7E 40 88 40 81 9E 96 2E 7E 5F 40 1A E3
  1312 30   34:    SEQUENCE {
  1314 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
  1323 30   23:     SEQUENCE {
  1325 02    4:      INTEGER 1132758852
  1331 02    5:      INTEGER
              :       00 B5 0A 82 6D
  1338 02    8:      INTEGER
              :       7F 57 5E 81 94 BC 5B DF
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
  1348 30  371:  SEQUENCE {
  1352 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-D-ParamSet

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 37] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

  1361 30  358:   SEQUENCE {
  1365 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
  1369 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 80 F1 02 D3 2B 0F D1 67 D0 69 C2 7A 30 7A DA
              :     D2 C4 66 09 19 04 DB AA 55 D5 B8 CC 70 26 F2 F7
              :     A1 91 9B 89 0C B6 52 C4 0E 05 4E 1E 93 06 73 5B
              :     43 D7 B2 79 ED DF 91 02 00 1C D9 E1 A8 31 FE 8A
              :     16 3E ED 89 AB 07 CF 2A BE 82 42 AC 9D ED DD BF
              :     98 D6 2C DD D1 EA 4F 5F 15 D3 A4 2A 66 77 BD D2
              :     93 B2 42 60 C0 F2 7C 0F 1D 15 94 86 14 D5 67 B6
              :     6F A9 02 BA A1 1A 69 AE 3B CE AD BB 83 E3 99 C9
              :     B5
  1501 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 F0 F5 44 C4 18 AA C2 34 F6 83 F0 33 51 1B 65
              :     C2 16 51 A6 07 8B DA 2D 69 BB 9F 73 28 67 50 21
              :     49
  1536 02  128:    INTEGER
              :     6B CC 0B 4F AD B3 88 9C 1E 06 AD D2 3C C0 9B 8A
              :     B6 EC DE DF 73 F0 46 32 59 5E E4 25 00 05 D6 AF
              :     5F 5A DE 44 CB 1E 26 E6 26 3C 67 23 47 CF A2 6F
              :     9E 93 93 68 1E 6B 75 97 33 78 4C DE 5D BD 9A 14
              :     A3 93 69 DF D9 9F A8 5C C0 D1 02 41 C4 01 03 43
              :     F3 4A 91 39 3A 70 6C F1 26 77 CB FA 1F 57 8D 6B
              :     6C FB E8 A1 24 2C FC C9 4B 3B 65 3A 47 6E 14 5E
              :     38 62 C1 8C C3 FE D8 25 7C FE F7 4C DB 20 5B F1
  1667 30   54:    SEQUENCE {
  1669 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
  1678 30   43:     SEQUENCE {
  1680 02    4:      INTEGER 333089693
  1686 02    5:      INTEGER
              :       00 A0 E9 DE 4B
  1693 02   28:      INTEGER
              :       41 AB 97 85 7F 42 61 43 55 D3 2D B0 B1 06 9F 10
              :       9A 4D A2 83 67 6C 7C 53 A6 81 85 B4
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
  1723 30  396:  SEQUENCE {
  1727 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet
  1736 30  383:   SEQUENCE {
  1740 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
  1744 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 CA 3B 3F 2E EE 9F D4 63 17 D4 95 95 A9 E7 51
              :     8E 6C 63 D8 F4 EB 4D 22 D1 0D 28 AF 0B 88 39 F0
              :     79 F8 28 9E 60 3B 03 53 07 84 B9 BB 5A 1E 76 85
              :     9E 48 50 C6 70 C7 B7 1C 0D F8 4C A3 E0 D6 C1 77

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 38] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :     FE 9F 78 A9 D8 43 32 30 A8 83 CD 82 A2 B2 B5 C7
              :     A3 30 69 80 27 85 70 CD B7 9B F0 10 74 A6 9C 96
              :     23 34 88 24 B0 C5 37 91 D5 3C 6A 78 CA B6 9E 1C
              :     FB 28 36 86 11 A3 97 F5 0F 54 1E 16 DB 34 8D BE
              :     5F
  1876 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 CA E4 D8 5F 80 C1 47 70 4B 0C A4 8E 85 FB 00
              :     A9 05 7A A4 AC C4 46 68 E1 7F 19 96 D7 15 26 90
              :     D9
  1911 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 BE 27 D6 52 F2 F1 E3 39 DA 73 42 11 B8 5B 06
              :     AE 4D E2 36 AA 8F BE EB 3F 1A DC C5 2C D4 38 53
              :     77 7E 83 4A 6A 51 81 38 67 8A 8A DB D3 A5 5C 70
              :     A7 EA B1 BA 7A 07 19 54 86 77 AA F4 E6 09 FF B4
              :     7F 6B 9D 7E 45 B0 D0 6D 83 D7 AD C5 33 10 AB D8
              :     57 83 E7 31 7F 7E C7 32 68 B6 A9 C0 8D 26 0B 85
              :     D8 48 56 96 CA 39 C1 7B 17 F0 44 D1 E0 50 48 90
              :     36 AB D3 81 C5 E6 BF 82 BA 35 2A 1A FF 13 66 01
              :     AF
  2043 30   78:    SEQUENCE {
  2045 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
  2054 30   67:     SEQUENCE {
  2056 02    5:      INTEGER
              :       00 D0 5E 9F 14
  2063 02    4:      INTEGER 1177570399
  2069 02   52:      INTEGER
              :       35 AB 87 53 99 CD A3 3C 14 6C A6 29 66 0E 5A 5E
              :       5C 07 71 4C A3 26 DB 03 2D D6 75 19 95 CD B9 0A
              :       61 2B 92 28 93 2D 83 02 70 4E C2 4A 5D EF 77 39
              :       C5 81 3D 83
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
  2123 30  375:  SEQUENCE {
  2127 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet
  2136 30  362:   SEQUENCE {
  2140 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
  2144 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 92 86 DB DA 91 EC CF C3 06 0A A5 59 83 18 E2
              :     A6 39 F5 BA 90 A4 CA 65 61 57 B2 67 3F B1 91 CD
              :     05 89 EE 05 F4 CE F1 BD 13 50 84 08 27 14 58 C3
              :     08 51 CE 7A 4E F5 34 74 2B FB 11 F4 74 3C 8F 78
              :     7B 11 19 3B A3 04 C0 E6 BC A2 57 01 BF 88 AF 1C
              :     B9 B8 FD 47 11 D8 9F 88 E3 2B 37 D9 53 16 54 1B
              :     F1 E5 DB B4 98 9B 3D F1 36 59 B8 8C 0F 97 A3 C1
              :     08 7B 9F 2D 53 17 D5 57 DC D4 AF C6 D0 A7 54 E2

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 39] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :     79
  2276 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 C9 66 E9 B3 B8 B7 CD D8 2F F0 F8 3A F8 70 36
              :     C3 8F 42 23 8E C5 0A 87 6C D3 90 E4 3D 67 B6 01
              :     3F
  2311 02  128:    INTEGER
              :     7E 9C 30 96 67 6F 51 E3 B2 F9 88 4C F0 AC 21 56
              :     77 94 96 F4 10 E0 49 CE D7 E5 3D 8B 7B 5B 36 6B
              :     1A 60 08 E5 19 66 05 A5 5E 89 C3 19 0D AB F8 0B
              :     9F 11 63 C9 79 FC D1 83 28 DA E5 E9 04 88 11 B3
              :     70 10 7B B7 71 5F 82 09 1B B9 DE 0E 33 EE 2F ED
              :     62 55 47 4F 87 69 FC E5 EA FA EE F1 CB 5A 32 E0
              :     D5 C6 C2 F0 FC 0B 34 47 07 29 47 F5 B4 C3 87 66
              :     69 93 A3 33 FC 06 56 8E 53 4A D5 6D 23 38 D7 29
  2442 30   58:    SEQUENCE {
  2444 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
  2453 30   47:     SEQUENCE {
  2455 02    4:      INTEGER 2046851076
  2461 02    5:      INTEGER
              :       00 D3 1A 4F F7
  2468 02   32:      INTEGER
              :       7E C1 23 D1 61 47 77 62 83 8C 2B EA 9D BD F3 30
              :       74 AF 6D 41 D1 08 A0 66 A1 E7 A0 7A B3 04 8D E2
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
  2502 30  380:  SEQUENCE {
  2506 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-94-CryptoPro-XchC-ParamSet
  2515 30  367:   SEQUENCE {
  2519 02    2:    INTEGER 1024
  2523 02  129:    INTEGER
              :     00 B1 94 03 6A CE 14 13 9D 36 D6 42 95 AE 6C 50
              :     FC 4B 7D 65 D8 B3 40 71 13 66 CA 93 F3 83 65 39
              :     08 EE 63 7B E4 28 05 1D 86 61 26 70 AD 7B 40 2C
              :     09 B8 20 FA 77 D9 DA 29 C8 11 1A 84 96 DA 6C 26
              :     1A 53 ED 25 2E 4D 8A 69 A2 03 76 E6 AD DB 3B DC
              :     D3 31 74 9A 49 1A 18 4B 8F DA 6D 84 C3 1C F0 5F
              :     91 19 B5 ED 35 24 6E A4 56 2D 85 92 8B A1 13 6A
              :     8D 0E 5A 7E 5C 76 4B A8 90 20 29 A1 33 6C 63 1A
              :     1D
  2655 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 96 12 04 77 DF 0F 38 96 62 8E 6F 4A 88 D8 3C
              :     93 20 4C 21 0F F2 62 BC CB 7D AE 45 03 55 12 52
              :     59
  2690 02  128:    INTEGER
              :     3F 18 17 05 2B AA 75 98 FE 3E 4F 4F C5 C5 F6 16

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 40] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :     E1 22 CF F9 EB D8 9E F8 1D C7 CE 8B F5 6C C6 4B
              :     43 58 6C 80 F1 C4 F5 6D D5 71 8F DD 76 30 0B E3
              :     36 78 42 59 CA 25 AA DE 5A 48 3F 64 C0 2A 20 CF
              :     4A 10 F9 C1 89 C4 33 DE FE 31 D2 63 E6 C9 76 46
              :     60 A7 31 EC CA EC B7 4C 82 79 30 37 31 E8 CF 69
              :     20 5B C7 3E 5A 70 BD F9 3E 5B B6 81 DA B4 EE B9
              :     C7 33 CA AB 2F 67 3C 47 5E 0E CA 92 1D 29 78 2E
  2821 30   63:    SEQUENCE {
  2823 06    7:     OBJECT IDENTIFIER id-GostR3410-94-bBis
  2832 30   52:     SEQUENCE {
  2834 02    4:      INTEGER 371898640
  2840 02    5:      INTEGER
              :       00 93 F8 28 D3
  2847 02   37:      INTEGER
              :       00 CA 82 CC E7 8A 73 8B C4 6F 10 3D 53 B9 BF 80
              :       97 45 EC 84 5E 4F 6D A4 62 60 6C 51 F6 0E CF 30
              :       2E 31 20 4B 81
              :      }
              :     }
              :    }
              :   }
              :  }
 |>GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters.bin
 |MIILQjCB0QYHKoUDAgIgADCBxQICAgACQQDugXKuiZZgj7aTWbieuCpphUUQ4pd6
 |TWO8lzIs5dwzhuoKErND6RkPIxd1OYRYOXhrsMNF0WWXbvIZXsmxw3njAiEAmJFe
 |fsgmXt/Nox6I8kgJ3bBkvccoXdUNconwrG9J3S0CQQCelgMVAMh3SoaVgtSv3iEn
 |r60lOLS2JwpvfIg3tQ1Q8gZ1WYSknlCTBNZIviq1qrGOvizUasPYSVsUKqbOI+Ic
 |MBYGByqFAwICFAEwCwICXskCAnNBAgECMIIBVgYHKoUDAgIgAjCCAUkCAgQAAoGB
 |ALTiXvsBjjyLh1BeKmdVPF7cVsKRS35PidI/A/Azd+cKKQNIndYOeEGNPYUe21MX
 |xIceQLBCKMO3kCljxLfYXVK5qojyr9vrKNqIadbfhGodmJJOklVhvWkwC53dBdJH
 |tZItlny7AmcYgcV9EOXvctPm2tQiPcgqoffQKUZRpIDfAiEAlyQypDcXizC9lhlb
 |dzeJqy//FVlLF23RdbYyVu5a8s8CgYEAj9NnMSN2VLvkH18fhFPnHKQU/8IsJdkV
 |MJ5dLmKiomxxEfP8eVaNr6AoBC/hpSoEiYBcDemhpGnIRMfKu+5iXDB4iIwdhe6o
 |g/GtW8Tmd26OGgdQkS32T3mVZJnx4YJHWwtg4mMq3NjPlOnFT9HzsQnYHwC/KrjL
 |hirffUC5NpowGAYHKoUDAgIUBDANAgRSCHT1AgUA7jmtszCCAasGByqFAwICIAMw
 |ggGeAgIEAAKBgQDGlx/FdSSzDJAYxeYh3hVJlzaFT1am+K7mWnpARjKxvPA0n/yv
 |ywoQMXeXH8FhKtzbjIzJOMcCJcj9Eq/wGx0GTgrW/earkVkWbLny/BcdkvDMe2pr
 |LNf6NCrL4skxWkLVdrHsznepYxV/PQvZao6wsPNQKtI4EBsFEWM08eW3qwIhALCd
 |Y0wQiZzX1MOnZXQD4FgQsHxhpoi6ssN/R14wiwYHAoGAPSa0Z9lKP/ydcb+NuJNA
 |hBNyZPPC6esW3KIUuLx8hySFM2dEk0/S71lD+e0LdFuQqj7I1wzckWgkeLZkouH4
 |+1bO8pcv7n7bCEr3RkGbhU+tAsw+Nkb/LhoY3UvrPET38nRViAKWSWdFRsyRh8IH
 |+48s7OjiKT9oOVxHBK8EurUwbgYHKoUDAgIUBDBjAgRbl3zbAgRulpLdAlUAvDy7
 |235vhIKG4ZrZonqOKX5bccU92XTN9g+Tc1bfacvJejAMzHFoXFUwRhR/EVaMT93z
 |Y9nYhkODRaYsO3WWPWVGrfq/MbMSkNEsrmXsuDCe9meCMIIBXwYHKoUDAgIgBDCC
 |AVICAgQAAoGBAJ2I5tf+MxO9LnRcfN0que5K88iJnoR950ozeD6mi8MFiLofc4xq
 |r4qzUFMfGFTDg3zDyGD/1+LhBsP2Oz2KTANM5zlCpsPVhbWZz2le16PEqTsrlHtx
 |V7saHAQ6tB7IVmxhRek4phGQbeDTLlYklFadfpmaDdpch5vdkf4STfHpAiEA+t0Z

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 41] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 |er0ZobRlPuz37KTWoisff4k7ZB+QFkH7tVU1T68CgYB0R+1xVjEFmQcLEmCZR6XI
 |yKhiXPHPJStAezMfk9Y53dG6OSZW3sqZLdA1NUMpoelabjLW9HiC2WC48QrK/3lt
 |E82WEfhT2rbSYjSD5GeIcISTk3oaKUQlmK7C4HQgIlY0QP6cGHQOzmdlrAX68CSm
 |SwJufkCIQIGeli5+X0Aa4zAiBgcqhQMCAhQEMBcCBEOEh0QCBQC1CoJtAgh/V16B
 |lLxb3zCCAXMGByqFAwICIAUwggFmAgIEAAKBgQCA8QLTKw/RZ9BpwnowetrSxGYJ
 |GQTbqlXVuMxwJvL3oZGbiQy2UsQOBU4ekwZzW0PXsnnt35ECABzZ4agx/ooWPu2J
 |qwfPKr6CQqyd7d2/mNYs3dHqT18V06QqZne90pOyQmDA8nwPHRWUhhTVZ7ZvqQK6
 |oRpprjvOrbuD45nJtQIhAPD1RMQYqsI09oPwM1EbZcIWUaYHi9otabufcyhnUCFJ
 |AoGAa8wLT62ziJweBq3SPMCbirbs3t9z8EYyWV7kJQAF1q9fWt5Eyx4m5iY8ZyNH
 |z6JvnpOTaB5rdZczeEzeXb2aFKOTad/Zn6hcwNECQcQBA0PzSpE5OnBs8SZ3y/of
 |V41rbPvooSQs/MlLO2U6R24UXjhiwYzD/tglfP73TNsgW/EwNgYHKoUDAgIUBDAr
 |AgQT2oudAgUAoOneSwIcQauXhX9CYUNV0y2wsQafEJpNooNnbHxTpoGFtDCCAYwG
 |ByqFAwICIQEwggF/AgIEAAKBgQDKOz8u7p/UYxfUlZWp51GObGPY9OtNItENKK8L
 |iDnwefgonmA7A1MHhLm7Wh52hZ5IUMZwx7ccDfhMo+DWwXf+n3ip2EMyMKiDzYKi
 |srXHozBpgCeFcM23m/AQdKacliM0iCSwxTeR1TxqeMq2nhz7KDaGEaOX9Q9UHhbb
 |NI2+XwIhAMrk2F+AwUdwSwykjoX7AKkFeqSsxEZo4X8ZltcVJpDZAoGBAL4n1lLy
 |8eM52nNCEbhbBq5N4jaqj77rPxrcxSzUOFN3foNKalGBOGeKitvTpVxwp+qxunoH
 |GVSGd6r05gn/tH9rnX5FsNBtg9etxTMQq9hXg+cxf37HMmi2qcCNJguF2EhWlso5
 |wXsX8ETR4FBIkDar04HF5r+CujUqGv8TZgGvME4GByqFAwICFAQwQwIFANBenxQC
 |BEYwTF8CNDWrh1OZzaM8FGymKWYOWl5cB3FMoybbAy3WdRmVzbkKYSuSKJMtgwJw
 |TsJKXe93OcWBPYMwggF3BgcqhQMCAiECMIIBagICBAACgYEAkobb2pHsz8MGCqVZ
 |gxjipjn1upCkymVhV7JnP7GRzQWJ7gX0zvG9E1CECCcUWMMIUc56TvU0dCv7EfR0
 |PI94exEZO6MEwOa8olcBv4ivHLm4/UcR2J+I4ys32VMWVBvx5du0mJs98TZZuIwP
 |l6PBCHufLVMX1Vfc1K/G0KdU4nkCIQDJZumzuLfN2C/w+Dr4cDbDj0IjjsUKh2zT
 |kOQ9Z7YBPwKBgH6cMJZnb1HjsvmITPCsIVZ3lJb0EOBJztflPYt7WzZrGmAI5Rlm
 |BaVeicMZDav4C58RY8l5/NGDKNrl6QSIEbNwEHu3cV+CCRu53g4z7i/tYlVHT4dp
 |/OXq+u7xy1oy4NXGwvD8CzRHBylH9bTDh2Zpk6Mz/AZWjlNK1W0jONcpMDoGByqF
 |AwICFAQwLwIEegB4BAIFANMaT/cCIH7BI9FhR3dig4wr6p298zB0r21B0QigZqHn
 |oHqzBI3iMIIBfAYHKoUDAgIhAzCCAW8CAgQAAoGBALGUA2rOFBOdNtZCla5sUPxL
 |fWXYs0BxE2bKk/ODZTkI7mN75CgFHYZhJnCte0AsCbgg+nfZ2inIERqEltpsJhpT
 |7SUuTYppogN25q3bO9zTMXSaSRoYS4/abYTDHPBfkRm17TUkbqRWLYWSi6ETao0O
 |Wn5cdkuokCApoTNsYxodAiEAlhIEd98POJZijm9KiNg8kyBMIQ/yYrzLfa5FA1US
 |UlkCgYA/GBcFK6p1mP4+T0/FxfYW4SLP+evYnvgdx86L9WzGS0NYbIDxxPVt1XGP
 |3XYwC+M2eEJZyiWq3lpIP2TAKiDPShD5wYnEM97+MdJj5sl2RmCnMezK7LdMgnkw
 |NzHoz2kgW8c+WnC9+T5btoHatO65xzPKqy9nPEdeDsqSHSl4LjA/BgcqhQMCAhQE
 |MDQCBBYquRACBQCT+CjTAiUAyoLM54pzi8RvED1Tub+Al0XshF5PbaRiYGxR9g7P
 |MC4xIEuB
 |<GostR3410-94-ParamSetParameters.bin

11.4. GOST R 34.10-2001 Public Key Algorithm Parameters

 For each AlgorithmIdentifier in this sequence, the parameters field
 contains GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters.
     0 30  998: SEQUENCE {
     4 30  156:  SEQUENCE {
     7 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-2001-TestParamSet

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 42] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

    16 30  144:   SEQUENCE {
    19 02    1:    INTEGER 7
    22 02   32:    INTEGER
              :     5F BF F4 98 AA 93 8C E7 39 B8 E0 22 FB AF EF 40
              :     56 3F 6E 6A 34 72 FC 2A 51 4C 0C E9 DA E2 3B 7E
    56 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 04
              :     31
    91 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     01 50 FE 8A 18 92 97 61 54 C5 9C FC 19 3A CC F5
              :     B3
   126 02    1:    INTEGER 2
   129 02   32:    INTEGER
              :     08 E2 A8 A0 E6 51 47 D4 BD 63 16 03 0E 16 D1 9C
              :     85 C9 7F 0A 9C A2 67 12 2B 96 AB BC EA 7E 8F C8
              :    }
              :   }
   163 30  159:  SEQUENCE {
   166 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-A-ParamSet
   175 30  147:   SEQUENCE {
   178 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
              :     FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FD
              :     94
   213 02    2:    INTEGER 166
   217 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
              :     FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FD
              :     97
   252 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
              :     FF 6C 61 10 70 99 5A D1 00 45 84 1B 09 B7 61 B8
              :     93
   287 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   290 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 8D 91 E4 71 E0 98 9C DA 27 DF 50 5A 45 3F 2B
              :     76 35 29 4F 2D DF 23 E3 B1 22 AC C9 9C 9E 9F 1E
              :     14
              :    }
              :   }
   325 30  188:  SEQUENCE {
   328 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-B-ParamSet
   337 30  176:   SEQUENCE {
   340 02   33:    INTEGER

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 43] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :     00 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0C
              :     96
   375 02   32:    INTEGER
              :     3E 1A F4 19 A2 69 A5 F8 66 A7 D3 C2 5C 3D F8 0A
              :     E9 79 25 93 73 FF 2B 18 2F 49 D4 CE 7E 1B BC 8B
   409 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0C
              :     99
   444 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
              :     01 5F 70 0C FF F1 A6 24 E5 E4 97 16 1B CC 8A 19
              :     8F
   479 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   482 02   32:    INTEGER
              :     3F A8 12 43 59 F9 66 80 B8 3D 1C 3E B2 C0 70 E5
              :     C5 45 C9 85 8D 03 EC FB 74 4B F8 D7 17 71 7E FC
              :    }
              :   }
   516 30  159:  SEQUENCE {
   519 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-C-ParamSet
   528 30  147:   SEQUENCE {
   531 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 9B 9F 60 5F 5A 85 81 07 AB 1E C8 5E 6B 41 C8
              :     AA CF 84 6E 86 78 90 51 D3 79 98 F7 B9 02 2D 75
              :     98
   566 02    3:    INTEGER 32858
   571 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 9B 9F 60 5F 5A 85 81 07 AB 1E C8 5E 6B 41 C8
              :     AA CF 84 6E 86 78 90 51 D3 79 98 F7 B9 02 2D 75
              :     9B
   606 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 9B 9F 60 5F 5A 85 81 07 AB 1E C8 5E 6B 41 C8
              :     AA 58 2C A3 51 1E DD FB 74 F0 2F 3A 65 98 98 0B
              :     B9
   641 02    1:    INTEGER 0
   644 02   32:    INTEGER
              :     41 EC E5 57 43 71 1A 8C 3C BF 37 83 CD 08 C0 EE
              :     4D 4D C4 40 D4 64 1A 8F 36 6E 55 0D FD B3 BB 67
              :    }
              :   }
   678 30  159:  SEQUENCE {
   681 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchA-ParamSet
   690 30  147:   SEQUENCE {
   693 02   33:    INTEGER

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 44] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

              :     00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
              :     FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FD
              :     94
   728 02    2:    INTEGER 166
   732 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
              :     FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FD
              :     97
   767 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
              :     FF 6C 61 10 70 99 5A D1 00 45 84 1B 09 B7 61 B8
              :     93
   802 02    1:    INTEGER 1
   805 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 8D 91 E4 71 E0 98 9C DA 27 DF 50 5A 45 3F 2B
              :     76 35 29 4F 2D DF 23 E3 B1 22 AC C9 9C 9E 9F 1E
              :     14
              :    }
              :   }
   840 30  159:  SEQUENCE {
   843 06    7:   OBJECT IDENTIFIER
              :    id-GostR3410-2001-CryptoPro-XchB-ParamSet
   852 30  147:   SEQUENCE {
   855 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 9B 9F 60 5F 5A 85 81 07 AB 1E C8 5E 6B 41 C8
              :     AA CF 84 6E 86 78 90 51 D3 79 98 F7 B9 02 2D 75
              :     98
   890 02    3:    INTEGER 32858
   895 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 9B 9F 60 5F 5A 85 81 07 AB 1E C8 5E 6B 41 C8
              :     AA CF 84 6E 86 78 90 51 D3 79 98 F7 B9 02 2D 75
              :     9B
   930 02   33:    INTEGER
              :     00 9B 9F 60 5F 5A 85 81 07 AB 1E C8 5E 6B 41 C8
              :     AA 58 2C A3 51 1E DD FB 74 F0 2F 3A 65 98 98 0B
              :     B9
   965 02    1:    INTEGER 0
   968 02   32:    INTEGER
              :     41 EC E5 57 43 71 1A 8C 3C BF 37 83 CD 08 C0 EE
              :     4D 4D C4 40 D4 64 1A 8F 36 6E 55 0D FD B3 BB 67
              :    }
              :   }
              :  }
 |>GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters.bin
 |MIID5jCBnAYHKoUDAgIjADCBkAIBBwIgX7/0mKqTjOc5uOAi+6/vQFY/bmo0cvwq
 |UUwM6driO34CIQCAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAEMQIhAIAA
 |AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAFQ/ooYkpdhVMWc/Bk6zPWzAgECAiAI4qig5lFH1L1jFgMO

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 45] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 |FtGchcl/CpyiZxIrlqu86n6PyDCBnwYHKoUDAgIjATCBkwIhAP//////////////
 |//////////////////////////2UAgIApgIhAP//////////////////////////
 |//////////////2XAiEA/////////////////////2xhEHCZWtEARYQbCbdhuJMC
 |AQECIQCNkeRx4Jic2iffUFpFPyt2NSlPLd8j47EirMmcnp8eFDCBvAYHKoUDAgIj
 |AjCBsAIhAIAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAyWAiA+GvQZomml
 |+Gan08JcPfgK6Xklk3P/KxgvSdTOfhu8iwIhAIAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
 |AAAAAAAAAAAAAAyZAiEAgAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAV9wDP/xpiTl5JcWG8yKGY8C
 |AQECID+oEkNZ+WaAuD0cPrLAcOXFRcmFjQPs+3RL+NcXcX78MIGfBgcqhQMCAiMD
 |MIGTAiEAm59gX1qFgQerHshea0HIqs+EboZ4kFHTeZj3uQItdZgCAwCAWgIhAJuf
 |YF9ahYEHqx7IXmtByKrPhG6GeJBR03mY97kCLXWbAiEAm59gX1qFgQerHshea0HI
 |qlgso1Ee3ft08C86ZZiYC7kCAQACIEHs5VdDcRqMPL83g80IwO5NTcRA1GQajzZu
 |VQ39s7tnMIGfBgcqhQMCAiQAMIGTAiEA////////////////////////////////
 |/////////ZQCAgCmAiEA/////////////////////////////////////////ZcC
 |IQD/////////////////////bGEQcJla0QBFhBsJt2G4kwIBAQIhAI2R5HHgmJza
 |J99QWkU/K3Y1KU8t3yPjsSKsyZyenx4UMIGfBgcqhQMCAiQBMIGTAiEAm59gX1qF
 |gQerHshea0HIqs+EboZ4kFHTeZj3uQItdZgCAwCAWgIhAJufYF9ahYEHqx7IXmtB
 |yKrPhG6GeJBR03mY97kCLXWbAiEAm59gX1qFgQerHshea0HIqlgso1Ee3ft08C86
 |ZZiYC7kCAQACIEHs5VdDcRqMPL83g80IwO5NTcRA1GQajzZuVQ39s7tn
 |<GostR3410-2001-ParamSetParameters.bin

12. Acknowledgements

 This document was created in accordance with "Russian Cryptographic
 Software Compatibility Agreement", signed by FGUE STC "Atlas",
 CRYPTO-PRO, Factor-TS, MD PREI, Infotecs GmbH, SPRCIS (SPbRCZI),
 Cryptocom, R-Alpha.  The aim of this agreement is to achieve mutual
 compatibility of the products and solutions.
 The authors wish to thank the following:
    Microsoft Corporation Russia for providing information about
    company products and solutions, and also for technical consulting
    in PKI.
    RSA Security Russia and Demos Co Ltd for active collaboration and
    critical help in creation of this document.
    Peter Gutmann for his helpful "dumpasn1" program.
    Russ Hously (Vigil Security, LLC, housley@vigilsec.com) and
    Vasilij Sakharov (DEMOS Co Ltd, svp@dol.ru) for encouraging the
    authors to create this document.
    Derek Atkins (IHTFP Consulting, derek@ihtfp.com) and his wife,
    Heather Anne Harrison, for making the document readable.
    Grigorij Chudov for navigating the IETF process for this document.

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 46] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 This document is based on a contribution of CRYPTO-PRO Company.  Any
 substantial use of the text from this document must acknowledge
 CRYPTO-PRO.  CRYPTO-PRO requests that all material mentioning or
 referencing this document identify this as "CRYPTO-PRO CPALGS".

13. References

13.1. Normative References

 [GOST28147]   "Cryptographic Protection for Data Processing System",
               GOST 28147-89, Gosudarstvennyi Standard of USSR,
               Government Committee of the USSR for Standards, 1989.
               (In Russian)
 [GOSTR341094] "Information technology.  Cryptographic Data Security.
               Produce and check procedures of Electronic Digital
               Signatures based on Asymmetric Cryptographic
               Algorithm.", GOST R 34.10-94, Gosudarstvennyi Standard
               of Russian Federation, Government Committee of the
               Russia for Standards, 1994.  (In Russian)
 [GOSTR341001] "Information technology.  Cryptographic data security.
               Signature and verification processes of [electronic]
               digital signature.", GOST R 34.10-2001, Gosudarstvennyi
               Standard of Russian Federation, Government Committee of
               the Russia for Standards, 2001.  (In Russian)
 [GOSTR341194] "Information technology.  Cryptographic Data Security.
               Hashing function.", GOST R 34.11-94, Gosudarstvennyi
               Standard of Russian Federation, Government Committee of
               the Russia for Standards, 1994.  (In Russian)
 [RFC2119]     Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
               Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
 [HMAC]        Krawczyk, H., Bellare, M., and R. Canetti, "HMAC:
               Keyed-Hashing for Message Authentication", RFC 2104,
               February 1997.

13.2. Informative References

 [Schneier95]  B. Schneier, Applied cryptography, second edition, John
               Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1995.
 [RFDSL]       "Russian Federal Digital Signature Law", 10 Jan 2002 N
               1-FZ
 [RFLLIC]      "Russian Federal Law on Licensing of Selected Activity
               Categories", 08 Aug 2001 N 128-FZ

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 47] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 [CRYPTOLIC]   "Russian Federal Government Regulation on Licensing of
               Selected Activity Categories in Cryptography Area", 23
               Sep 2002 N 691
 [X.660]       ITU-T Recommendation X.660 Information Technology -
               ASN.1 encoding rules: Specification of Basic Encoding
               Rules (BER), Canonical Encoding Rules (CER) and
               Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER), 1997.
 [RFC4134]     Hoffman, P., "Examples of S/MIME Messages", RFC 4134,
               July 2005.
 [TLS]         Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version
               1.0", RFC 2246, January 1999.

Authors' Addresses

 Vladimir Popov
 CRYPTO-PRO
 38, Obraztsova,
 Moscow, 127018, Russian Federation
 EMail: vpopov@cryptopro.ru
 Igor Kurepkin
 CRYPTO-PRO
 38, Obraztsova,
 Moscow, 127018, Russian Federation
 EMail: kure@cryptopro.ru
 Serguei Leontiev
 CRYPTO-PRO
 38, Obraztsova,
 Moscow, 127018, Russian Federation
 EMail: lse@cryptopro.ru
 Grigorij Chudov
 CRYPTO-PRO
 38, Obraztsova,
 Moscow, 127018, Russian Federation
 EMail: chudov@cryptopro.ru

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 48] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 Alexandr Afanasiev
 Factor-TS
 office 711, 14, Presnenskij val,
 Moscow, 123557, Russian Federation
 EMail: afa1@factor-ts.ru
 Nikolaj Nikishin
 Infotecs GmbH
 p/b 35, 80-5, Leningradskij prospekt,
 Moscow, 125315, Russian Federation
 EMail: nikishin@infotecs.ru
 Boleslav Izotov
 FGUE STC "Atlas"
 38, Obraztsova,
 Moscow, 127018, Russian Federation
 EMail: izotov@nii.voskhod.ru
 Elena Minaeva
 MD PREI
 build 3, 6A, Vtoroj Troitskij per.,
 Moscow, Russian Federation
 EMail: evminaeva@mail.ru
 Serguei Murugov
 R-Alpha
 4/1, Raspletina,
 Moscow, 123060, Russian Federation
 EMail: msm@top-cross.ru
 Igor Ovcharenko
 MD PREI
 Office 600, 14, B.Novodmitrovskaya,
 Moscow, Russian Federation
 EMail: igori@mo.msk.ru

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 49] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

 Igor Ustinov
 Cryptocom
 office 239, 51, Leninskij prospekt,
 Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
 EMail: igus@cryptocom.ru
 Anatolij Erkin
 SPRCIS (SPbRCZI)
 1, Obrucheva,
 St.Petersburg, 195220, Russian Federation
 EMail: erkin@nevsky.net

Popov, et al. Informational [Page 50] RFC 4357 Crypto-Pro Cryptographic Algorithms January 2006

Full Copyright Statement

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 This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
 contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
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Popov, et al. Informational [Page 51]

/data/webs/external/dokuwiki/data/pages/rfc/rfc4357.txt · Last modified: 2006/01/26 18:31 (external edit)