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rfc:rfc2610

Network Working Group C. Perkins Request for Comments: 2610 E. Guttman Category: Standards Track Sun Microsystems

                                                             June 1999
             DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol

Status of this Memo

 This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
 Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
 improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
 Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
 and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

 Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

 The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a framework for
 passing configuration information to hosts on a TCP/IP network.
 Entities using the Service Location Protocol need to find out the
 address of Directory Agents in order to transact messages.  Another
 option provides an assignment of scope for configuration of SLP User
 and Service Agents.

1. Introduction

 The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol [2] provides a framework for
 passing configuration information to hosts on a TCP/IP network.
 Entities using the Service Location Protocol, Version 2 [3] and
 Service Location Protocol, Version 1 [4] need to obtain the address
 of Directory Agents and Scope configuration.  The Service Location
 Protocol (SLP) provides a default configuration for Scopes and
 Directory Agents may be discovered using multicast or broadcast.  It
 is useful in a larger deployment to be able to configure SLP Agents
 using DHCP, so as to centralize the administration and to deploy SLP
 in networks where multicast routing is not available.
 The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
 "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
 document are to be interpreted as described in [1].

Perkins & Guttman Standards Track [Page 1] RFC 2610 DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol June 1999

2. Introduction

 The DHCP options described below are used to configure Agents using
 the Service Location Protocol, Version 2 [3] and Version 1 [4].
 The SLP Directory Agent option is used to configure User Agents and
 Service Agents with the location of Directory Agents in the network.
 The SLP Scope Option takes precedence over both default and static
 scope configuration of SLP agents.

3. SLP Directory Agent Option

 This option specifies the location of one or more SLP Directory
 Agents.
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |   Code = 78   |    Length     |   Mandatory   |      a1       |
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |      a2       |       a3      |       a4      |      ...
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 The SLP Directory Agent Option specifies a list of IP addresses for
 Directory Agents.  Directory Agents MUST be listed in order of
 preference, if there is an order of preference.
 The Length value must include one for the 'Mandatory' byte and
 include four for each Directory Agent address which follows.  Thus,
 the Length minus one of the option MUST always be divisible by 4 and
 has a minimum value of 5.
 The address of the Directory Agent is given in network byte order.
 The 'Mandatory' byte in the Directory Agent option may be set to
 either 0 or 1.  If it is set to 1, the SLP User Agent or Service
 Agent so configured MUST NOT employ either active or passive
 multicast discovery of Directory Agents.
 Note that for backward compatibility with some deployed software the
 Mandatory byte MUST NOT be set to any byte value for which the high
 order bit (0x80) is set.
 The Directory Agents listed in this option MUST be configured with
 the a non-empty subset of the scope list that the Agent receiving the
 Directory Agent Option is configured with.  See the notes below.

Perkins & Guttman Standards Track [Page 2] RFC 2610 DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol June 1999

 The SLPv2 specification [3] defines how to use this option.

4. SLP Service Scope Option

 The scope list is a comma delimited list which indicates the scopes
 that a SLP Agent is configured to use.
  0                   1                   2                   3
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 |   Code = 79   |     Length    |   Mandatory   | <Scope List>...
 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 The Length indicates the number of bytes which follow.  Since the
 Scope-List String is encoded using UTF-8 [5] characters, it may be
 the cast that the Length is not the same as the number of characters
 in the Scope-List String.  The Length value must include one for the
 'Mandatory' byte.
 The 'Mandatory' byte determines whether SLP Agents override their
 static configuration for scopes with the <Scope List> string provided
 by the option.  This allows DHCP administrators to implement a policy
 of assigning a set of scopes to Agents for service provision.  If the
 Mandatory byte is 0, static configuration takes precedence over the
 DHCP provided scope list.  If the Mandatory byte is 1, the <Scope
 List> provided in this option MUST be used by the SLP Agent.
 The Scope List String syntax and usage are defined in the SLPv2
 specification [3].

4.1. Zero Length Scope-List String Configuration

 A SLP Service Scope Option which indicates a Length of 1 (in other
 words, omitting the <Scope List> string entirely) validly configures
 the SLP User Agent to use "User Selectable Scopes."
 The SLP Agent will use the aggregated list of scopes of all known
 DAs.  If no DAs are known, the UA will use SA discovery to determine
 the list of scopes on the network, as defined in  [3].
 Note that this configuration is tantamount to removing all
 centralized control of the scope configuration of hosts on the
 network.  This makes it possible for every User Agent to see every
 service.  This may not be desirable as users may not be able to or
 desire to decide which services are appropriate for them.

Perkins & Guttman Standards Track [Page 3] RFC 2610 DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol June 1999

5. Security Considerations

 If a malicious host is able to insert fraudulent information in
 DHCPOFFER packets sent to a prospective SLP Agent then the SLP Agent
 will be unable to obtain service, or may unwittingly be directed to
 use the incorrect services.
 Many opportunities for denial of service exist.  A service agent
 could find that it might rely on fraudulent or otherwise malicious
 directory agents to advertise its services.  DHCPOFFERs could prevent
 the regular SLP framework from functioning by directing clients to
 not use multicast, to use nonexistent directory agents and so on.
 These difficulties are inherited from the much larger and more
 serious problem, viz.  securing or authenticating any information
 whatsoever from a DHCP server (or client!)  is not possible in common
 DHCP deployments.

References

 [1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
     Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
 [2] Droms, R., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", RFC 2131, March
     1997.
 [3] E. Guttman, C. Perkins, J. Veizades, and M. Day, "Service
     Location Protocol version 2", Work in Progress.
 [4] Veizades, J., Guttman, E., Perkins, C. and S. Kaplan, "Service
     Location Protocol", RFC 2165, July 1997.
 [5] Yergeau, F., "UTF-8, a transformation format of unicode and ISO
     10646", RFC 2279, October 1998.

Perkins & Guttman Standards Track [Page 4] RFC 2610 DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol June 1999

Authors' Addresses

 Charles E. Perkins
 Technology Development Group
 Mail Stop MPK15-214
 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 15 Network Circle
 Menlo Park, CA  94025
 Phone: +1 650-786-6464
 Fax:   +1 650-786-6445
 EMail: Charles.Perkins@Sun.Com
 Web: http://www.svrloc.org/~charliep
 Erik Guttman
 Technology Development Group
 Mail Stop UFRA02
 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 Bahnstr. 2
 74915 Waibstadt, Germany
 Phone: +49 7263 911 701
   or:  +1 650 786 5992
 EMail: Erik.Guttman@Sun.Com

Perkins & Guttman Standards Track [Page 5] RFC 2610 DHCP Options for Service Location Protocol June 1999

Full Copyright Statement

 Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999).  All Rights Reserved.
 This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
 others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
 or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
 and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
 kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
 included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
 document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
 the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
 Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
 developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
 copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
 followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
 English.
 The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
 revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.
 This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
 "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
 TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
 BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
 HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Acknowledgement

 Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the
 Internet Society.

Perkins & Guttman Standards Track [Page 6]

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