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Network Working Group G. Malkin Request for Comments: 1336 Xylogics FYI: 9 May 1992 Obsoletes: RFC 1251

                     Who's Who in the Internet
             Biographies of IAB, IESG and IRSG Members

Status of this Memo

 This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
 not specify any standard.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.


 This FYI RFC contains biographical information about members of the
 Internet Activities Board (IAB), the Internet Engineering Steering
 Group (IESG) of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), and the
 the Internet Research Steering Group (IRSG) of the Internet Research
 Task Force (IRTF).

Table of Contents

 1. Introduction.................................................... 2
 2. Acknowledgements................................................ 2
 3. Request for Biographies......................................... 2
 4. Biographies
    4.1  Philip Almquist............................................ 3
    4.2  Robert Braden.............................................. 4
    4.3  Hans-Werner Braun.......................................... 6
    4.4  Ross Callon................................................10
    4.5  Vinton Cerf................................................11
    4.6  Noel Chiappa...............................................13
    4.7  A. Lyman Chapin............................................14
    4.8  David Clark................................................15
    4.9  Stephen Crocker............................................15
    4.10 James R. Davin.............................................18
    4.11 Deborah Estrin.............................................18
    4.12 Russell Hobby..............................................20
    4.13 Christian Huitema..........................................20
    4.14 Erik Huizer................................................21
    4.15 Stephen Kent...............................................23
    4.16 Anthony G. Lauck...........................................23
    4.17 Barry Leiner...............................................25
    4.18 Daniel C. Lynch............................................26
    4.19 David M. Piscitello........................................27
    4.20 Jonathan B. Postel.........................................29

Malkin [Page 1] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

    4.21 Joyce K. Reynolds..........................................30
    4.22 Michael Schwartz...........................................31
    4.23 Bernhard Stockman..........................................32
    4.24 Gregory Vaudreuil..........................................32
 5. Security Considerations.........................................33
 6. Author's Address................................................33

1. Introduction

 There are thousands of networks in the internet.  There are tens of
 thousands of host machines.  There are hundreds of thousands of
 users.  It takes a great deal of effort to manage the resources and
 protocols which make the Internet possible.  Sites may have people
 who get paid to manage their hardware and software.  But the
 infrastructure of the Internet is managed by volunteers who spend
 considerable portions of their valued time to keep the people
 Hundreds of people attend the three IETF meetings each year.  They
 represent the government, the military, research institutions,
 educational institutions, and vendors from all over the world.  Most
 of them are volunteers; people who attend the meetings to learn and
 to contribute what they know.  There are a few very special people
 who deserve special notice.  These are the people who sit on the IAB,
 IESG, and IRSG.  Not only do they spend time at the meetings, but
 they spend additional time to organize them.  They are the IETF's
 interface to other standards bodies and to the funding institutions.
 Without them, the IETF, indeed the whole Internet, would not be

2. Acknowledgements

 In addition to the people who took the time to write their
 biographies so that I could compile them into this FYI RFC, I would
 like to give special thanks to Joyce K. Reynolds (whose biography is
 in here) for her help in creating the biography request message and
 for being such a good sounding board for me.

3. Request for Biographies

 In mid-February 1991, I sent the following message to the members of
 the IAB, IESG and IRSG.  It is their responses to this message that I
 have compiled in this FYI RFC.
    The ARPANET is 20 years old.  The next meeting of the IETF in St.
    Louis this coming March will be the 20th plenary.  It is a good
    time to credit the people who help make the Internet possible.  I
    am sending this request to the current members of the IAB, the

Malkin [Page 2] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

    IRSG, and the IESG.  At some future time, I would like to expand
    the number of people to be included.  For now, however, I am
    limiting inclusion to members of the groups listed above.
    I would like to ask you to submit to me your biography.  I intend
    to compile the bios submitted into an FYI RFC to be published
    before the next IETF meeting.  In order to maintain some
    consistency, I would like to have the bios contain three
    paragraphs.  The first paragraph should contain your bio, second
    should be your school affiliation & other interests, and the third
    should contain your opinion of how the Internet has grown.  Of
    course, if there is anything else you would like to say, please
    feel free.  The object is to let the very large user community
    know about the people who give them what they have.

4. Biographies

 The biographies are in alphabetical order.  The contents have not
 been edited; only the formating has been changed.
    4.1 Philip Almquist, IETF Internet Area Co-director
         Philip Almquist is an independent consultant based in San
         Francisco.  He has worked on a variety of projects, but is
         perhaps best known as the network designer for INTEROP '88
         and INTEROP '89.
         His career began at Carnegie-Mellon University in 1980, where
         he worked on compilers and operating systems.  His initial
         introduction to networking was analyzing crash dumps from
         TOPS-20 systems running beta test versions of DECNET.  He
         later became involved in early planning for CMU's transition
         from DECNet to TCP/IP and for network-based software support
         for the hundreds of PC's that CMU was then planning to
         Philip moved to Stanford University in 1983, where he played
         a key role in the evolution of Stanford's network from a
         small system built out of donated equipment by graduate
         students to today's production quality network which extends
         into virtually every corner of the University.  As Stanford's
         first "hostmaster", he invented Stanford's distributed host
         registration system and led Stanford's deployment of the
         Domain Name System.  He also did substantial work on the
         Stanford homebrew router software (now sold commercially by
         cisco Systems) and oversaw some early experiments in network

Malkin [Page 3] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         Also, while with Stanford, Philip was a primary contributor
         to BARRNet and its short-lived predecessor, the BayBridge
         Network.  He brought up the first BARRNet link, and was
         heavily involved in the day-to-day operation of BARRNet for
         several years.
         In 1988, Philip gave up his responsibilities for the Stanford
         network in order to start his consulting business.  He
         remained with BARRNet on a part-time basis until October
         1991, devoting himself to BARRNet planning and to chairing
         its technical oversight committee.
         Philip has been an active participant in the IETF since about
         1987, when he became a charter member of the IETF's Network
         Management Working Group.  He is one of the authors of the
         Host Requirements specification, and served a brief term as
         chair of the Domain Name System Working Group.  He is
         currently chairs of the Router Requirements Working Group.
    4.2  Robert Braden, IAB Executive Director, IRSG Member
         Bob Braden joined the networking research group at ISI in
         1986.  Since then, he has been supported by NSF for research
         concerning NSFnet, and by DARPA for protocol research.  Tasks
         have included designing the statspy program for collecting
         NSFnet statistics, editing the Host Requirements RFCs, and
         coordinating the DARPA Research Testbed network DARTnet.  His
         research interests generally include end-to-end protocols,
         especially in the transport and network (Internet) layers.
         Braden came to ISI from UCLA, where he had worked 16 of the
         preceding 18 years for the campus computing center.  There he
         had technical responsibility for attaching the first
         supercomputer (IBM 360/91) to the ARPAnet, beginning in 1970.
         Braden was active in the ARPAnet Network Working Group,
         contributing to the design of the FTP protocol in particular.
         In 1975, he began to receive direct DARPA funding for
         installing the 360/91 as a "tool-bearing host" in the
         National Software Works.  In 1978, he became a member of the
         TCP Internet Working Group and began developing a TCP/IP
         implementation for the IBM system.  As a result, UCLA's
         360/91 was one of the ARPAnet host systems that replaced NCP
         by TCP/IP in the big changeover of January 1983.  The UCLA
         package of ARPAnet host software, including Braden's TCP/IP
         code, was distributed to other OS/MVS sites and was later
         sold commercially.
         Braden spent 1981-1982 in the Computer Science Department of

Malkin [Page 4] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         University College London.  At that time, he wrote the first
         Telnet/XXX relay system connecting the Internet with the UK
         academic X.25 network.  In 1981, Braden was invited to join
         the ICCB, an organization that became the IAB, and has been
         an IAB member ever since.  When IAB task forces were formed
         in 1986, he created and still chairs the End-to-End Task
         Force (now Research Group).
         Braden has been in the computer field for 40 years this year.
         Prior to UCLA, he worked at Stanford and at Carnegie Tech.
         He has taught programming and operating systems courses at
         Carnegie Tech, Stanford, and UCLA.  He received a Bachelor of
         Engineering Physics from Cornell in 1957, and an MS in
         Physics from Stanford in 1962.
  1. ———–
         Regardless of the ancient Chinese curse, living through
         interesting times is not always bad.
         For me,  participation in the development of the ARPAnet and
         the Internet protocols has been very exciting.  One important
         reason it worked, I believe, is that there were a lot of very
         bright people all working more or less in the same direction,
         led by some very wise people in the funding agency.  The
         result was to create a community of network researchers who
         believed strongly that collaboration is more powerful than
         competition among researchers.  I don't think any other model
         would have gotten us where we are today.  This world view
         persists in the IAB, and is reflected in the informal
         structure of the IAB, IETF, and IRTF.
         Nevertheless, with growth and success (plus subtle policy
         shifts in Washington), the prevailing mode may be shifting
         towards competition, both commercial and academic.  To
         develop protocols in a commercially competitive world, you
         need elaborate committee structures and rules.  The action
         then shifts to the large companies, away from small companies
         and universities.  In an academically competitive world, you
         don't develop any (useful) protocols; you get 6 different
         protocols for the same objective, each with its research
         paper (which is the "real" output).  This results in
         efficient production of research papers, but it may not
         result in the kind of intellectual consensus necessary to
         create good and useful communication protocols.
         Being a member of the IAB is sometimes very frustrating.  For
         some years now we have been painfully aware of the scaling

Malkin [Page 5] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         problems of the Internet, and since 1982 have lived through a
         series of mini-disasters as various limits have been
         exceeded.  We have been saying that "getting big" is probably
         a more urgent (and perhaps more difficult) research problem
         than "getting fast", but it seems difficult to persuade
         people of the importance of launching the kind of research
         program we think is necessary to learn how to deal with
         Internet growth.
         It is very hard to figure out when the exponential growth is
         likely to stop, or when, if ever, the fundamental
         architectural model of the Internet will be so out of kilter
         with reality that it will cease be useful.  Ask me again in
         ten years.
    4.3  Hans-Werner Braun, IAB Member
         Hans-Werner Braun joined the San Diego Supercomputer Center
         as a Principal Scientist in January 1991. In his initial
         major responsibility as Co-Principal Investigator of, and
         Executive Committee member on the CASA gigabit network
         research project he is working on networking efforts beyond
         the problems of todays computer networking infrastructure.
         Between April 1983 and January 1991 he worked at the
         University of Michigan and focused on operational
         infrastructure for the Merit Computer Network and the
         University of Michigan's Information Technology Division.
         Starting out with the networking infrastructure within the
         State of Michigan he started to investigate into TCP/IP
         protocols and became very involved in the early stages of the
         NSFNET networking efforts.  He was Principal Investigator on
         the NSFNET backbone project since the NSFNET award went to
         Merit in November 1987 and managed Merit's Internet
         Engineering group. Between April 1978 and April 1983 Hans-
         Werner Braun worked at the Regional Computing Center of the
         University of Cologne in West Germany on network engineering
         responsibilities for the regional and local network.
         In March 1978 Hans-Werner Braun graduated in West Germany and
         holds a Diploma in Engineering with a major in Information
         Processing. He is a member of the Association of Computing
         Machinery (ACM) and its Special Interest Group on
         Communications, the Institute of Electrical and Electronical
         Engineers (IEEE) as well as the IEEE Computer Society and the
         IEEE Communications Society and the American Association for
         the Advancement of Science. He was a member of the National
         Science Foundation's Network Program Advisory Group (NPAG)
         and in particular its Technical Committee (NPAG-TC) between

Malkin [Page 6] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         November 1986 and late 1987, at which time the NPAG got
         resolved. He also chaired the Technical Committee of the
         National Science Foundation's Network Program Advisory Group
         (NPAG-TC) starting in February 1987. Prior to the
         organizational change of the JvNCnet he participated in the
         JvNCnet Network Technical Advisory Committee (NTAC) of the
         John von Neumann National Supercomputer Center. While working
         as Principal Investigator on the NSFNET project at Merit, he
         chaired the NSFNET Network Technical Committee, created to
         aid Merit with the NSFNET project.  Hans-Werner Braun is a
         member of the Engineering Planning Group of the Federal
         Networking Council (FEPG) since its beginnings in early 1989,
         a member of the Internet Activities Board (IAB), the Internet
         Engineering Task Force. He had participated in an earlier,
         informal, version of the Internet Engineering Steering Group
         and the then existing Internet Architecture Task Force. While
         at Merit, Hans-Werner Braun was also Principal Investigator
         on NSF projects for the "Implementation and Management of
         Improved Connectivity Between NSFNET and CA*net" and for
         "Coordinating Routing for the NSFNET," the latter at the time
         of the old 56kbps NSFNET backbone network that he was quite
         intimately involved with.
  1. ———–
         The growth of the Internet can be measured in many ways and I
         can only try to find some examples.
         o Network number counts
         There were days where being "connected to net 10" was the
         Greatest Thing Ever.  A time where the Internet just
         consisted of a few networks centered around the ARPAnet and
         where growing above 100 network numbers seemed excessive.
         Todays number of networks in the global infrastructure
         exceeds 2000 connected networks, and many more if isolated
         network islands get included.
         o Traffic growth
         The Internet has undergone a dramatic increase in traffic
         over the last few years. The NSFNET backbone can be used as
         an example here, where in August 1988 about 194 million
         packets got injected into the network, which had increased to
         about 396 million packets per month by the end of the year,
         to reach about 4.8 billion packets in December 1990. January
         1991 yielded close to 5.9 billion packets as sent into the
         NSFNET backbone.

Malkin [Page 7] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         o Internet Engineering Task Force participation
         The early IETF, after it spun off the old GADS, included
         about 20 or so people. I remember a meeting a few people had
         with Mike Corrigan several years ago. Mike then chaired the
         IETF before Phill Gross became chair and the discussion was
         had about permitting the "NSFNET crowd" to join the IETF.
         Mike finally agreed and the IETF started to explode in size,
         now including many working groups and several hundred
         members, including vendors and phone companies.
         o International infrastructure
         At some point of time the Internet was centric around the US
         with very little international connectivity. The
         international connectivity was for network research purposes,
         just like the US domestic component at that point of time.
         Today's Internet stretches to so many countries that it can
         be considered close to global in scope, in particular as more
         and more international connections to, as well as Internet
         infrastructure within, other countries are happening.
         o References in trade journals
         Many trade journals just a year or two ago had close to no
         mention of the Internet. Today references to the Internet
         appear in many journals and press releases from a variety of
         o Articles in professional papers
         Publications like ACM SIGCOMM show increased interest for
         Internet related professional papers, compared to a few years
         ago. Also the publication rate of the Request For Comments
         (RFC) series is quite impressive.
         o Congressional and Senatorial visibility
         A few years ago the Internet was "just a research project."
         Today's dramatically increased visibility in result of the
         Internet success allows Congress as well as Senators to play
         lead roles in pushing the National Research and Education
         Network (NREN) agenda forward, which is also fostered by the
         executive branch. In the context of the US federal government
         the real credit should go to DARPA, though, for starting to
         prototype advanced networking, leading to the Internet about
         twenty years ago and over time opening it up more and more to
         the science and research community until more operational

Malkin [Page 8] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         efforts were able to move the network to a real
         infrastructure in support of science, research and education
         at large. This really allowed NSF to make NSFNET happen.
         o Funding
         The Internet funding initially consisted of DARPA efforts.
         Agencies like NSF, NASA, DOE and others started to make major
         contributions later. Industrial participation helped moving
         the network forward as well. Very major investments have been
         made by campuses and research institutions to create local
         infrastructure. Operational infrastructure comes at a high
         cost, especially if ubiquity, robustness and high performance
         are required.
         o Research and continued development
         The Internet has matured from a network research oriented
         environment to an operational infrastructure supporting
         research, science and education at large. However, even
         though for many people the Internet is an environment
         supporting their day-to-day work, the Internet at its current
         level of technology is supported by a culture of people that
         cooperates in a largely non-competitive environment. Many
         times already the size of the routing tables or the amount of
         traffic or the insufficiency of routing exchange protocols,
         just to name examples, have broken connectivity with many
         people being interrupted in their day-to-day work. Global
         Internet management and problem resolution further hamper
         fast recovery from certain incidents. It is unproven that the
         current technology will survive in a competitive but
         unregulated environment, with uncoordinated routing policies
         and global network management being just two of the major
         issues here.  Furthermore, while frequently comments are
         being made where the publicly available monthly increases in
         traffic figures would not justify moving to T3 or even
         gigabit per second networks, it should be pointed out that
         monthly figures are very macroscopic views. Much of the
         Internet traffic is very bursty and we have frequently seen
         an onslaught of traffic towards backbone nodes if one looks
         at it over fairly short intervals of time. For example, for
         specific applications that, perhaps in real-time, require an
         occasional exchange of massive amounts of data. It is
         important that we are prepared for more widespread use of
         such applications, once people are able to use things more
         sophisticated than Telnet, FTP and SMTP. I am not sure
         whether the amount of research and development efforts on the
         Internet has increased over time, less even kept pace with

Malkin [Page 9] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         the general Internet growth (by whatever definition). I do
         not believe that the Internet is a finished product at this
         point of time and there is a lot of room for further
    4.4  Ross Callon
         Ross Callon is a member of the Distributed Systems
         Architecture staff at Digital Equipment Corporation in
         Littleton Massachusetts.  He is working on issues related to
         OSI -- TCP/IP interoperation and introduction of OSI in the
         Internet. He is the author of the Integrated IS-IS protocol
         (RFC 1195). He has also worked on scaling of routing and
         addressing to very large Internets, and is co-author of the
         guidelines for allocation of NSAP addresses in the Internet
         (RFC 1237).
         Previous to joining DEC, Mr. Callon was with Bolt Beranek and
         Newman, where he worked on OSI Standards, Network Management,
         Routing Protocols and other router-related issues.
         Mr. Callon received a Bachelor of Science degree in
         Mathematics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
         and a Master of Science degree in Operations Research from
         Stanford University.
  1. ———–
         During eleven years of involvement with the Internet
         community it has been exciting to see the explosive growth in
         data communications from a relatively obscure technology to a
         technology in widespread everyday use. For the future, I am
         interested in transition to a world-wide multi-protocol
         Internet. This requires scaling to several orders of
         magnitude larger than the current Internet, and also requires
         a greater emphasis on reliability and ease of use. Probably
         our greatest challenge is to create a system which "ordinary
         people" can use with the reliability and ease of the current
         telephone system.

Malkin [Page 10] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

    4.5  Dr. Vinton Cerf, IAB Member
         1960-1965, summer jobs with various divisions of North
         American Aviation (Now Rockwell International): Rocketdyne,
         Atomics International, Autonetics, Space and Information
         Systems Division.
         1965-1967, systems engineer, IBM, Los Angeles Data Center.
         Ran and maintained the QUIKTRAN interactive, on-line Fortran
         1967-1972, various programming positions at UCLA, largely
         involved with ARPANET protocol development and network
         measurement center and computer performance measurements.
         1972-1976, Assistant Professor of Computer Science and
         Electrical Engineering, Stanford University. Did research on
         networking, developed TCP/IP protocols for internetting under
         DARPA research grant.
         1976-1982, Program Manager and Principal Scientist,
         Information Processing Techniques Office, DARPA.  Managed the
         Internetting, Packet Technology and Network Security
         1982-1986, Vice President of Engineering, MCI Digital
         Information Services Company. Developed MCI Mail system.
         1986-present, Vice President, Corporation for National
         Research Initiatives. Responsible for Internet, Digital
         Library and Electronic Mail system interconnection research
         Stanford University, 1965 (math) B.S.  UCLA, 1970, 1972
         (computer science) M.S. and Ph.D.
         1972-1976, founding chairman of the International Network
         Working Group (INWG) which became IFIP Working Group 6.1.
         1979-1982, ex officio member of ICCB (predecessor to the
         Internet Activities Board), member of IAB from 1986-1989 and
         chairman from 1989-1991.
         1967-present, member of ACM; chairman of LA SIGART 1968-1969;
         chairman ACM SIGCOMM 1987-1991; at-large member ACM Council,
         1972-present, member of Sigma Xi.

Malkin [Page 11] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         1977-present, member of IEEE; Fellow, 1988.
  1. ———–
         The Internet started as a focused DARPA research effort to
         develop a capability to link computers across multiple,
         internally diverse packet networks. The successful evolution
         of this technology through 4 versions, demonstration on
         ARPANET, mobile packet radio nets, the Atlantic SATNET and
         at-sea MATNET provided the basis for formal mandating of the
         TCP/IP protocols for use on ARPANET and other DoD systems in
         1983. By the mid-1980's, a market had been established for
         software and hardware supporting these protocols, largely
         triggered by the Ethernet and other LAN phenomena, coupled
         with the rapid proliferation of UNIX-based systems which
         incorporated the TCP/IP protocols as part of the standard
         release package.  Concurrent with the development of a market
         and rapid increase in vendor interest, government agencies in
         addition to DoD began applying the technology to their needs,
         culminating in the formation of the Federal Research Internet
         Coordinating Committee which has now evolved into the Federal
         Networking Council, in the U.S. At the same time, similar
         rapid growth of TCP/IP technology application is occurring
         outside the US in Europe, the Middle East, the Pacific Rim,
         Eurasia, Australia, South and Central America and, to a
         limited extent, Africa.  The internationalization of the
         Internet has spawned new organizational foci such as the
         Coordinating Committee for International Research Networking
         (CCIRN) and heightened interest in commercial provision of IP
         services (e.g., in Finland, the U.S., the U.K. and
         The Internet has also become the basis for a proposed
         National Research and Education Network (NREN) in the U.S.
         It's electronic messaging system has been linked to the major
         U.S.  commercial email carriers and to other major private
         electronic mail services such as Bitnet (in the US, EARN in
         Europe) as well as UUNET (in the U.S.) and EUNET (in Europe).
         The Bitnet and UUCP-based systems are international in scope
         and complement the Internet system in terms of email
         With the introduction of OSI capability (in the form of CLNP)
         into important parts of the Internet (such as the NSFNET
         backbone and selected intermediate level networks), a path
         has been opened to support the use of multiple protocol
         suites in the Internet. Many of the vendor routers/gateways
         support TCP/IP, OSI and a variety of vendor-specific

Malkin [Page 12] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         protocols in a common network environment.
         In the U.S., regional Bell Operating Company carriers are
         planning the introduction of Switched Multimegabit Data
         Services and Frame Relay services which can support TCP/IP
         and other Internet protocols. On the research side, DARPA and
         the NSF are supporting a major initiative in gigabit speed
         networking, towards which the NREN is aimed.
         The Internet is a grand collaboration of over 5000 networks
         involving millions of users, hundreds of thousands of hosts
         and dozens of countries around the world. It may well do for
         computers what the telephone system has done for people:
         provided a means for international interchange of information
         which is blind to nationality, proprietary interests, and
         hardware platform specifics.
    4.6  Noel Chiappa, IETF Internet Area Co-director
         Noel Chiappa is currently an independent inventor working in
         the area of computer networks and system software. His
         principal occupation, however, is his service as the Internet
         Area Co-director for the Internet Engineering Steering Group
         of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
         His primary current research interest is in the area of
         routing and addressing architectures for very large scale
         (globally ubiquitous and larger) internetworks, but he is
         generally interested in the problems of the packet layer of
         internetworking; i.e., everything involved in getting traffic
         from one host to another anywhere in the internetwork.  As a
         'spare time amusement' project, he is also writing a C
         compiler with many novel features intended for use in large
         programming projects with many source and header files.
         He has been a member of the TCP/IP Working Group and its
         successors (up to the IETF) since 1977. He was a member of
         the Research Staff at the Massachusetts Institute of
         Technology from 1977-1982 and 1984-1986. While at MIT he
         worked on packet switching and local area networks, and was
         responsible for the conception of the multi-protocol backbone
         and the multi-protocol router.  After leaving MIT he worked
         with a number of companies, including Proteon, to bring
         networking products based on work done at MIT to the public.
         He attended Phillips Andover Academy and MIT.  He was born
         and bred in Bermuda.
         His outside interests include study and collection of antique

Malkin [Page 13] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         racing cars (principally Lotuses), reading (particularly
         political and military history and biographies), landscape
         gardening (particularly Japanese), and study of Oriental rugs
         (particularly Turkoman tribal rugs) and Oriental antiques
         (particularly Japanese lacquerware and Chinese archaic
    4.7  A. Lyman Chapin, IAB Chairman
         Lyman Chapin graduated from Cornell University in 1973 with a
         B.A. in Mathematics, and spent the next two years writing
         COBOL applications for Systems & Programs (NZ) Ltd. in Lower
         Hutt, New Zealand.  After a year travelling in Australia and
         Asia, he joined the newly-formed Networking group at Data
         General Corporation in 1977.  At DG, he was responsible for
         the development of software for distributed resource
         management (operating-system embedded RPC), distributed
         database management, X.25-based local and wide- area
         networks, and OSI-based transport, internetwork, and routing
         functions for DG's open-system products.  In 1987 he formed
         the Distributed Systems Architecture group, and was
         responsible for the development of DG's Distributed
         Application Architecture (DAA) and for the specification of
         the directory and management services of DAA.  He moved to
         Bolt, Beranek & Newman in 1990 as the Chief Network Architect
         in BBN's Communications Division, where he serves as a
         consultant to the Systems Architecture group and the
         coordinator for BBN's open system standards activities.  He
         is the chairman of ANSI-accredited task group X3S3.3,
         responsible for Network and Transport layer standards, since
         1982;  chairman of the ACM Special Interest Group on Data
         Communications (SIGCOMM) since July of 1991;  and chairman of
         the Internet Activities Board (IAB), of which he has been a
         member since 1989.  He lives with his wife and two young
         daughters in Hopkinton, Massachusetts.
  1. ———–
         I started out in 1977 working with X.25 networks, and began
         working on OSI in 1979 - first the architecture (the OSI
         Reference Model), and then the transport, internetwork, and
         routing protocol specifications.  It didn't take long to
         recognize the basic irony of OSI standards development:
         there we were, solemnly anointing international standards for
         networking, and every time we needed to send electronic mail
         or exchange files, we were using the TCP/IP-based Internet!
         I've been looking for ways to overcome this anomaly ever
         since;  to inject as much of the proven TCP/IP technology

Malkin [Page 14] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         into OSI as possible, and to introduce OSI into an ever more
         pervasive and worldwide Internet.  It is, to say the least, a
    4.8  Dr. David Clark
         David Clark works at the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer
         Science, where he is a Senior Research Scientist. His current
         research involves protocols for high speed and very large
         networks, in particular the problems of routing and flow and
         congestion control. He is also working on integration of
         video into packet networks. Prior to this effort, he
         developed a new implementation approach for network software,
         and an operating system (Swift) to demonstrate this concept.
         Earlier projects include the token ring LAN and the Multics
         operating system. He joined the TCP development effort in
         1975, and chaired the IAB from 1981 to 1990. He has a
         continuing interest in protocol performance. He is also
         active in the area of computer and communications security.
         David Clark received his BSEE from Swarthmore College in
         1966, and his MS and PhD from MIT, the latter in 1973. He has
         worked at MIT since then.
  1. ———–
         It is not proper to think of networks as connecting
         computers. Rather, they connect people using computers to
         mediate. The great success of the internet is not technical,
         but in human impact. Electronic mail may not be a wonderful
         advance in Computer Science, but it is a whole new way for
         people to communicate. The continued growth of the Internet
         is a technical challenge to all of us, but we must never
         loose sight of where we came from, the great change we have
         worked on the larger computer community, and the great
         potential we have for future change.
    4.9  Stephen Crocker, IETF Security Area Director
         Steve Crocker joined Trusted Information Systems, Inc.  in
         1986 and is a vice president.  He set up TIS' Los Angeles
         office and ran it until summer 1989 when he moved to the home
         office in Maryland.  At TIS his primary concerns are program
         verification research and application, integration of
         cryptography with trusted systems, network security, and new
         applications for networks and trusted systems.
         He was at the Aerospace Corporation from 1981-86 as Director

Malkin [Page 15] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         of the Information Sciences Research Office which later
         became the Computer Science Laboratory.  The research program
         at Aerospace included networks, program verification,
         artificial intelligence, applications of expert systems, and
         parallel processing.
         From 1974-81 he was a researcher at USC's Information
         Sciences Institute, where he focused primarily on program
         verification.  From 1971-74 he was a program manager at
         DARPA/IPTO, responsible for the research programs in
         artificial intelligence, automatic programming, speech
         understanding, and some parts of the network research.  He
         also initiated an ambitious but somewhat ill-fated venture
         called the National Software Works.
         From 1968-71 he was a graduate student in the UCLA Computer
         Science Department.  While there he initiated the Network
         Working Group, arguably the forerunner of the IETF and many
         related groups around the world, and helped define the
         original suite of protocols for the Arpanet.  He also
         initiated the Request for Comments (RFC) series.  A short
         description of the events of that era are contained in RFC
         He was a graduate student in the MIT AI Lab for a year and a
         half in 1967-68, and an undergraduate at UCLA for a long time
         before that.
  1. ———–
         I've watched the Internet grow from its beginning.  At UCLA
         we had the privilege of being the first of the Arpanet.  In
         those days, several of us dreamed of very high quality
         intercomputer connections and very rich protocols to knit the
         computers together.  Some of the those concepts are still
         discussed and anticipated today under the names remote
         visualization, distributed file systems, etc.  On the other
         hand, I would never have imagined that 20 years later we'd
         have such a plethora of different network technologies.  Even
         more astonishing is the enormous number of independently
         managed but nonetheless interconnected networks that make up
         the current network.  And somewhat beyond comprehension is
         that it seems to work.
         How will the Internet evolve?  I expect to see substantial
         developments in the following dimensions.
         o Regularization, internationalization and commercialization

Malkin [Page 16] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         Standards will become even more important than they are now.
         Implementations of protocols and related mechanisms will
         become more standard and robust.  The relationship between
         the TCP/IP stack and the OSI stack will be resolved with
         The Internet will become a less U.S.-centric and more
         international operation.  Much of the Internet will be
         operated by commercial concerns on a a profit-making basis,
         thereby opening up the Internet to unrestricted use.  The
         telephone companies, including both the local exchange
         carriers and the interexchange carriers, will start providing
         some of the protocol stack other than the point-to-point
         o Higher and lower bandwidths; great proliferation
         I expect to see T1 connections become the norm for the types
         of institutions that are now on the Internet.  Higher speeds,
         including speeds up to a gigabit will become available.  At
         the same time, I expect to see a vast expansion of the
         Internet, reaching into a significant fraction of the schools
         and businesses in this country and elsewhere in the world.
         Many of these institutions will be connected at 9600 bits/sec
         or slower.
         o More applications
         E-mail dominates the Internet, and it's likely to remain the
         dominant use of the Internet in the future.  Nonetheless, I
         expect to see an exciting array of other applications which
         become heavily used and cause a change in the perception of
         the Internet as primarily a "mail system."  Important
         databases will become available on the Internet, and
         applications dependent on those databases will flourish.  New
         techniques and tools for collaboration over a network will
         emerge.  These will include various forms of conferencing and
         cooperative multi-media document development.
         o Security
         Security will tighten up on the Internet, but not without
         some (more) pain.  Host operating systems will be built,
         configured, distributed and operated under much tighter
         constraints than they have been.  Firewalls will abound.
         Encryption will be added to links, routers and various
         protocol layers.  All of this will decrease the utility of
         the Internet in the short run, but lay the groundwork for
         broader use eventually.  New protocols will emerge which

Malkin [Page 17] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         incorporate sound protection but also provide efficient and
         flexible access control and resource sharing.  These will
         provide the basis for the kind of close knit applications
         that motivated the original thinking behind the Arpanet.
    4.10 James R. Davin, IETF Network Management Area Director
         James R. Davin currently works in the Advanced Network
         Architecture group at the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer
         Science where his recent interests center on protocol
         architecture and congestion control.  In the past, he has
         been engaged in router development at Proteon, Incorporated,
         where much of his work focused on network management. He has
         also worked at Data General's Research Triangle Park facility
         on a variety of communications protocols.
         He holds the B.A. from Haverford College and masters degrees
         in Computer Science and English from Duke University.
  1. ———–
         The growth of the internet over the years has taken it from
         lower speeds to higher speeds, from limited geographical
         extent to global presence, from research apparatus to an
         essential social and commercial infrastructure, from
         experimentation among a few networking sophisticates to daily
         use by thousands in all walks of life. This latter sort of
         growth is almost certainly the most valuable.
    4.11 Dr. Deborah Estrin, IRSG Member
         Deborah Estrin is currently an Assistant Professor of
         Computer Science at the University of Southern California in
         Los Angeles.  She received her Ph.D. (1985) in Computer
         Science and her M.S. (1982) in Technology Policy, both from
         the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She received her
         B.S.  (1980) from U.C.  Berkeley. In 1987 Estrin received the
         National Science Foundation, Presidential Young Investigator
         Award for her research in network interconnection and
         security.  Her research focuses on the design of network and
         routing protocols for very large, global, networks.
         Deborah Estrin has been studying issues of internetwork
         security and routing for almost 10 years.  As chairperson of
         the IAB's Autonomous Networks Research Group she coordinated
         and authored some of the earliest discussions and evaluations
         of mechanisms for policy-routing.  She is also one of the
         leading architects of thee Inter-Domain Policy Routing (IDPR)

Malkin [Page 18] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         protocols, in collaboration with other members of the IETF
         IDPR Working Group.  As part of the IDPR effort, Estrin
         directed the implementation of IDPR setup, packet forwarding,
         and route synthesis implementations. She continues to
         collaborate extensively with BBN and other IDPR developers.
         Previous to her work in policy routing, Dr. Estrin refuted
         the sufficiency of host-security alone, and developed
         mechanisms (i.e., the Visa Protocol) for border routers to
         flexibly and securely protect intra-domain network resources
         without modifying the IP protocol itself.  Estrin's Current
         research interests are in inter-domain routing for global
         internets, and adaptive routing to support new high-speed,
         delay-sensitive services.
         Estrin is a member of the National Science Foundation's
         NSFNET technical advisory committee and of the OTA
         Information Technology and Research Assessment Advisory
         Panel.  Dr. Estrin is co-Editor of the Journal of
         Internetworking Research and Experience and has acted as a
         reviewer and program committee member for several IEEE and
         ACM journals and conferences (e.g., SIGCOMM, INFOCOM,
         Security and Privacy). She is a member of IEEE, ACM, AAAS,
         and CPSR.
  1. ———–
         For the past several years I have had the opportunity to
         collaborate in the design of network and routing protocols
         designed to support global internetworks linking a very large
         number of domains (e.g., tens of thousands of networks and
         millions of hosts).  Such scaling implies not only larger
         numbers of routers and end-systems, but also increased
         heterogeneity, both technical and administrative.  This
         raises the importance of security, resource control, and
         usage feedback (incentives to encourage users to use the
         network efficiently) in protocol design.  Whereas much of the
         focus of the technical community has been strictly on high
         speed, it is in the area of large-scale systems that we are
         most lacking in research results and design methods and

Malkin [Page 19] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

    4.12 Russell Hobby, IETF Applications Area Director
         Russ Hobby received B.S. in Chemistry (1975) and M.S. in
         Computing Sciences (1981) from the University of California,
         Davis where he currently works as Director of Advanced
         Network Applications in Network Technology.  He also
         represents UC Davis as a founding member in the Bay Area
         Regional Research Network (BARRNet).  He formed and now
         chairs the California Internet Federation, a forum for
         coordinating educational and research networks in California.
         In addition he is Area Director for Applications in the
         Internet Engineering Task Force and a member of the Internet
         Engineering Steering Group.
         Russ is responsible for all aspects of campus networking
         including network design, implementation, and operation.  UC
         Davis has also been instrumental in the development of new
         network protocols and their prototype implementations, in
         particular, the Point-to- Point Protocol (PPP).  UC Davis has
         been very active in the use of networking for students from
         kindergarten through community colleges and has had the Davis
         High School on the Internet since 1989.  In conjunction with
         the City of Davis, UC Davis is planning a community network
         using ISDN to bring networking into the residences in Davis
         for university network connection, high school and library
         resource access, telecommuting, and electronic democracy.
  1. ———–
         I have seen the rapid growth of the Internet into a worldwide
         utility, but believe that it is lacking in the types of
         applications that could make use of its full potential.  I
         believes that it is time to look at the network from the
         users side and consider the functionality that they desire.
         New applications for information storage and retrieval,
         personal and group communications, and coordinated computer
         resources are needed.  I think, "Networks aren't just for
         computer nerds anymore!".
    4.13 Dr. Christian Huitema, IAB Member
         Christian Huitema has conducted for several years research in
         network protocols and network applications. He is now at
         INRIA in Sophia-Antipolis, where he leads the research
         project "RODEO", whose objective is the definition and the
         experimentation of communication protocols for very high
         speed networks, at one Gbit/s or more. This includes the
         study of high speed transmission control protocols, of their

Malkin [Page 20] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         parameterization and of their insertion in the operating
         systems, and the study of the synchronization functions and
         of the management of data transparency between heterogeneous
         systems. The work is conducted in cooperation with industrial
         partners and takes into account the evolution of the
         communication standards.  Previously, he took part to the
         NADIR project, investigating computer usage of
         telecommunication satellites, and to OSI developments in the
         GIPSI project for the SM90 work station, including one of the
         earliest X.400 systems, and to the ESPRIT project THORN,
         which is provide one of the first X.500 conformant directory
         Christian Huitema graduated from the Ecole Polytechnique in
         Paris in 1975, and passed his doctorate in the University of
         Paris VI in 1985.
  1. ———–
         The various projects which followed the "Cyclades" network in
         France were following closely the developments of the Arpanet
         and then the Internet. However, the first linkage was
         established in the early 80's through mail connections. I was
         directly involved in the setting up of the first direct TCP-
         IP connection between France and the Internet (actually,
         NSFNET) which was first experimented in 1987, and became
         operational in 1988. This interconnection, together with
         parallel actions in the Nordic countries of Europe, at CERN
         and through the EUNET association, was certainly influential
         in the development TCP/IP internetting in Europe. The rapid
         growth of the Internet here is indicative both of the
         perceived needs and of the future. Researcher from
         universities, non profit and industrial organizations are
         eager to communicate; new applications are being developed
         which will enable them to interact more and more closely..
         and will pose the networking challenge of realizing a very
         large, very powerful Internet.
    4.14 Erik Huizer, IETF OSI Area Co-director
         Erik Huizer graduated from Delft University of Technology
         with a MSc.  in Material Science in 1983.  He spent the next
         four years in the same university building a computerised
         creep measurement system for metallic glasses, including a
         small local network for datatransport to a dataprocessing
         system.  After getting his PhD, he refused military service
         on grounds of consience (possible under Dutch law).  He was
         then charged with doing instead 18 months of civil service in

Malkin [Page 21] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         the computing center of the Ministry of Transport, department
         of Building and Roads.  In these 18 months he became project
         manager charged with implementing a Videotex system.  He was
         also charged with investigating TCP/IP as a possible LAN
         protocol and X.400 as a possible E-mail protocol.  In 1988,
         he was discharged and started to work for SURFnet BV (the
         not-for-profit company that runs SURFnet), the Dutch academic
         and research network.  At SURFnet he is the main person
         responsible for development of the network.  Among the things
         he worked on are: introducing TCP/IP and associated protocols
         into SURFnet, the connection of SURFnet to the Internet,
         introduction of a X.400 MHS infrastructure and a X.500
         Directory Services pilot.  He has been active in RARE WG1 on
         Message Handling Services from 1988 to 1992.  Also, in 1988
         he joined the RARE WG3 on Directory Services and User Support
         and Information Services, which he chaired from 1990 to 1992.
         He has been one of the initiators of the new RARE WG
         structure that was installed in May 1992, and that is now
         managed by the Rare Technical Committee, of which he is a
         member.  He joined the IESG in November 1991 as area co-
         director of the OSI Integration area.  He is married and
         lives with his wife in Utrecht, The Netherlands.
  1. ————————–
         I ran into the Internet in 1988, and immediately it changed
         my perspective on networking.  Working for a European service
         provider I became a playball tossing up and down between the
         Funding Agencies (OSI) and the users (as long as it works),
         trying to be soft enough not to hurt anyone, but hard enough
         to change things in a manageable way.  This has resulted in
         my view of networking where I can see benifits in OSI as well
         as in the Internet protocol suite, and where I want the users
         to get the best of both worlds.  After years of battle in the
         European camp to make people see the benefits of TCP/IP
         (being called an IP-freak), it was quite a refreshing change
         to join the IETF where I have to battle for OSI (being called
         an OSI-addict).  Apart from the OSI integration into the
         Internet, I have set myself a second, and possibly even
         heavier task, and that is to help and move the Internet and
         it's associated structures like IETF, IRTF, IESG, IAB, etc.,
         to a more global structure, reflecting the penetration of the
         Internet in all its forms outside of North America.

Malkin [Page 22] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

    4.15 Dr. Stephen Kent, IAB Member, IRSG Member
         Stephen Kent is the Chief Scientist of BBN Communications, a
         division of Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., where he has been
         enganged in network security research and development
         activities for over a decade.  His work has included the
         design and development of user authentication and access
         control systems, end-to-end encryption and access control
         systems for packet networks, performance analysis of security
         mechanisms, and the design of secure transport layer and
         electronic message protocols.
         Dr. Kent is the chair of the Internet Privacy and Security
         Research Group and a member of the Internet Activities Board.
         He served on the Secure Systems Study Committee of the
         National Academy of Sciences and is a member of the National
         Research Council assessment panel for the NIST National
         Computer Systems Laboratory.  He was a charter member of the
         board of directors of the International Association for
         Cryptologic Research.  Dr. Kent is the author of a book
         chapter and numerous technical papers on packet network
         security and has served as a referee, panelist and session
         chair for a number of security related conferences.  He has
         lectured on the topic of network security on behalf of
         government agencies, universities and private companies
         throughout the United States, Western Europe and Australia.
         Dr. Kent received the B.S. degree in mathematics from Loyola
         University of New Orleans, and the S.M., E.E., and Ph.D.
         degrees in computer science from the Massachusetts Institute
         of Technology.  He is a member of the ACM and Sigma Xi and
         appears in Who's Who in the Northeast and Who's Who of
         Emerging Leaders.
    4.16 Anthony G. Lauck, IAB Member
         Since 1976, Anthony G. Lauck has been responsible for network
         architecture and advanced development at Digital Equipment
         Corporation, where he currently manages the
         Telecommunications and Networks Architecture and Advanced
         Development group.  For the past fifteen years his group has
         designed the network architecture and protocols behind
         Digital's DECnet computer networking products.  His group has
         played a leading role in local area network standardization,
         including Ethernet, FDDI, and transparent bridged LANs.  His
         group has also played a leading role in standardizing the OSI
         network and transport layers.  Most recently, they have
         completed the architecture for the next phase of DECnet which
         is based on OSI while providing backward compatibility with

Malkin [Page 23] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         DECnet Phase IV.  Prior to his role in network architecture
         he was responsible for setting the direction of Digital's
         PDP-11 communications products.  In addition to working at
         Digital, he worked at Autex, Inc. where was a designer of a
         transaction processing system for securities trading and at
         the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory were he developed
         an early remote batch system.
         Mr. Lauck received his BA degree from Harvard in 1965.  He
         has worked in a number of areas related to data
         communication, ranging from design of physical links for
         local area networks to applications for distributed
         processing.  His current interests include high speed local
         and wide area networks, multiprotocol networking, network
         security, and distributed processing. He was a member of the
         Committee on Computer-Computer Communications Protocols of
         the National Research Council which did a comparison of the
         TCP and TP4 transport protocols for DOD and NBS.  He was also
         a member of the National Science Foundation Network Technical
         Advisory Board. In December of 1984, he was recognized by
         Science Digest magazine as one of America's 100 brightest
         young scientists for his work on computer networking.
  1. ———–
         In 1978 Vint Cerf came to Digital to give a lecture on TCP
         and IP, just prior to the big blizzard.  I was pleased to see
         that TCP/IP shared the same connectionless philosophy of
         networking as did DECnet.  Some years later, Digital decided
         that future phases of DECnet would be based on standards.
         Since Digital was a multinational company, the standards
         would need to be international.  Unfortunately, in 1980 ISO
         rejected TCP and IP on national political grounds.  When it
         looked like the emerging OSI standards were going to be
         limited to purely connection- oriented networking, I was very
         concerned and began efforts to standardize connectionless
         networking in OSI.  As it turned out, TCP/IP retained its
         initial lead over OSI, moving internationally as the Internet
         expanded, thereby becoming an international protocol suite
         and meeting my original needs.  I hope that the Internet can
         evolve into a multiprotocol structure that can accommodate
         changing networking technologies and can do so with a minimum
         of religious fervor.  It will be exciting to solve problems
         like network scale and security, especially in the context of
         a network which must serve users while it evolves.

Malkin [Page 24] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

    4.17 Dr. Barry Leiner, IAB Member
         Dr. Leiner joined Advanced Decision Systems in September
         1990, where he is responsible for corporate research
         directions.  Advanced Decision Systems is focussed on the
         creation of information processing technology, systems, and
         products that enhance decision making power.  Prior to
         joining ADS, Dr. Leiner was Assistant Director of the
         Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science at NASA Ames
         Research Center.  In that position, he formulated and carried
         out research programs ranging from the development of
         advanced computer and communications technologies through to
         the application of such technologies to scientific research.
         Prior to coming to RIACS, he was Assistant Director for C3
         Technology in the Information Processing Techniques Office of
         DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).  In that
         position, he was responsible for a broad range of research
         programs aimed at developing the technology base for large-
         scale survivable distributed command, control and
         communication systems.  Prior to that, he was Senior
         Engineering Specialist with Probe Systems, Assistant
         Professor of Electrical Engineering at Georgia Tech, and
         Research Engineer with GTE Sylvania.
         Dr. Leiner received his BEEE from Rensselaer Polytechnic
         Institute in 1967 and his M.S.  and Ph.D.  from Stanford
         University in 1969 and 1973, respectively.  He has done
         research in a variety of areas, including direction finding
         systems, spread spectrum communications and detection, data
         compression theory, image compression, and most recently
         computer networking and its applications.  He has published
         in these areas in both journals and conferences, and received
         the best paper of the year award in the IEEE Aerospace and
         Electronic Systems Transactions in 1979 and in the IEEE
         Communications Magazine in 1984.  Dr. Leiner is a Senior
         Member of the IEEE and a member of ACM, Tau Beta Pi and Eta
         Kappa Nu.
  1. ———–
         My first exposure to the internet (actually Arpanet) was in
         1977 when, as a DARPA contractor, I was provided access.  At
         that point, the Arpanet was primarily used to support DARPA
         and related activities, and was confined to a relatively
         small set of users and sites.  The Internet technology was
         just in the process of being developed and demonstrated.  In
         fact, my DARPA contract was in relation to the Packet Radio
         Network, and the primary motivation for the Internet

Malkin [Page 25] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         technology was to connect the mobile Packet Radio Network to
         the long-haul Arpanet.  Now, only 13 years later, things have
         changed radically.  The Internet has grown by several orders
         of magnitude in size and connects a much wider community,
         including academic, commercial, and government.  It has
         spread well beyond the USA to include many organizations
         throughout the world.  It has grown beyond the experimental
         network to provide operational service.  Its influence is
         seen throughout the computer communications community.
    4.18 Daniel C. Lynch, IAB Member
         Daniel C. Lynch is president and founder of Interop, Inc.
         (formerly named Advanced Computing Environments) in Mountain
         View, California since 1985.  A member of ACM, IEEE and the
         IAB, he is active in computer networking with a primary focus
         in promoting the understanding of network operational
         behavior.  The annual INTEROP (conference and exhibition is
         the major vehicle for his efforts.
         As the director of Information Processing Division for the
         Information Sciences Institute in Marina del Rey (USC-ISI)
         Lynch led the Arpanet team that made the transition from the
         original NCP protocols to the current TCP/IP based protocols.
         Lynch directed this effort with 75 people from 1980 until
         He was Director of Computing Facilities at SRI International
         in the late 70's serving the computing needs of over 3,000
         employees.  He formerly served as manager of the computing
         laboratory for the Artificial Intelligence Center at SRI
         which conducts research in robotics, vision, speech
         understanding, theorem proving and distributed databases.
         While at SRI he performed initial debugging of the TCP/IP
         protocols in conjunction with BBN.
         Lynch has been active in computer networking since 1973.
         Prior to that he developed realtime software for missile
         decoy detection for the USAF.  He received undergraduate
         training in mathematics and philosophy from Loyola University
         of Los Angeles and obtained a Master's Degree in mathematics
         from UCLA in 1965.
  1. ———–
         The Internet has grown because it solves simple problems in a
         simple a manner as possible.  Putting together a huge
         Internet has not been easy.  We still do not know how to do

Malkin [Page 26] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         routing in a huge internet.  When you add the real world
         requirement of commercial security and the desire for
         "classes of service" we are faced with big challenges.  I
         think this means that we have to get a lot more involved with
         operational provisioning considerations such as those that
         the phone companies and credit card firms have wrestled with.
         Hopefully we can do this and still maintain the rather
         friendly attitude that Internetters have always had.
    4.19 David M. Piscitello, IETF OSI Area Co-director
         I received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Mathematics from
         Villanova University in 1974, with a strong minor in
         Philosophy.  Disenchanted with real analysis and metricspace,
         I decided to pursue graduate work in Philosophy.  Requiring
         significant dollars to attend graduate school, I accepted a
         programming position with Burroughs and assembly/micro-coded
         my way through two semesters of graduate work at Villanova.
         Eventually, I realized that teaching existentialism was not
         the sort of vocation to pay significant mortgage (this was,
         after all, the Carter era, and interest rates were then
         nearly 15%). So I remained with Burroughs, and built
         Fortunately, I discovered data communications, then of the
         remote job entry/turnkey form--not quite existentialism, but
         close. Somehow, as a result of agreeing to work on a
         proprietary HDLC (well, IBM had SDLC, so, Burroughs felt it
         had to have BDLC), I became involved with transport and
         networking protocols for something called Open Systems
         Interconnection. Boning up on available literature -- at the
         time, I recall there was some relatively obscure protocol
         suite called TCP/IP, and something from Xerox, and even
         something from Burroughs that seemed to look a lot like that
         TCP/IP thing -- I became pretty excited about helping to
         develop something international and new. I eventually
         transferred within Burroughs to an architecture group, and
         became immersed in network layer protocols for OSI and
         Burroughs Network Architecture.  I began attending ANSI and
         ISO meetings on OSI NL protocols; Dave Oran (DEC), Lyman
         Chapin (then at Data General, and Ross Callon (then at BBN)
         and I met one day in a conference room at a DEC location and
         dreamed up ISO 8473 (ISO IP, ISO CLNP); somehow, it became my
         problem, along with virtually everything in the OSI stack
         that was datagram or "connectionless", so for several years,
         I slugged it out with the X.25 community to see that
         datagrams and internetworking would have international
         acceptance. Of course, I was not alone, Dave O., Lyman, and

Malkin [Page 27] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         first Ross, later Christine Hemrick (then at NTIA) became an
         OSI version of the Gang of Four in this struggle.
         I received my first exposure to the IETF in Boston in the
         mid-eighties, when both an IETF and an ANSI meeting was held
         at BBN, and we shared some insights into routing. At the
         time, I was a proponent of distance vector routing, in
         particular a routing protocol called BIAS (Burroughs
         Interactive Adaptive routing System, go figure how anyone can
         leave the "R" out of an acronym for a routing protocol!);
         later, along with Jeff Rosenberg and Steve Gruchevsky of
         Burroughs (by this time, we were Unisys), I was to introduce
         BIAS as a candidate for OSI IS-IS routing in what I've called
         the "late, great, OSI Routing debate". Radia Perlman and Dave
         Oran introduced what eventually became OSI IS-IS, a link-
         state/SPF routing system. The routing debate was probably the
         highlight of my standards participation, even being on the
         losing side, since each meeting was filled with good
         discussions and challenging technical issues.
         Eight years in OSI, nearly all in an uphill struggly, took
         their toll.  I began to resent wading through the obligatory
         political purgatory associated with each incremental change
         in OSI, and eventually left in frustration. I also left
         Unisys at approximately the same time, also in frustration,
         to take on what seemed to be yet another Quijotian task --
         help Christine Hemrick at Bellcore bring high speed datagram
         services into public networks, in the form of SMDS.
         Since 1988, I've been associated with SMDS at Bellcore, and
         have participated in several aspects of its design, the most
         rewarding of which was the design of an SNMP agent for SMDS.
         I'd become sort of a chaotic neutral in the OSI vs. TCP/IP
         debate, and remain so. I think both technologies have much to
         offer. TCP/IP has a better standards development
         infrastructure, and I accepted the position as OSI
         integration area director along with Erik Huizer because I
         believed I could do more for OSI deployment within the
         Internet infrastructure than elswhere. This has been
         rewarding and frustrating. The rewards have come from meeting
         and working with some truly bright and energetic people who
         actually care about the implementation and deployment of OSI
         applications and transport stacks; the frustration comes from
         having to deal with the IP-supremist and near racist attitude
         that frequently arises against OSI in the Internet.
         Oh, well, yet another Quijotian task. I suspect you'll have

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         gathered by now that I don't run from a good fight.
    4.20 Dr. Jonathan B. Postel, IAB Member, RFC Editor, IRSG Chair
         Jon Postel joined ISI in March 1976 as a member of the
         technical staff, and is now Division Director of the
         Communications Division.  His current activities include a
         continuing involvement with the evolution of the Internet
         through the work of the various ISI projects on Gigabit
         Networking, Multimedia Conferencing, Protocol Engineering,
         Los Nettos, Parallel Computing System Research, and the Fast
         Parts Automated Broker.  Previous work at ISI included the
         creation of the "Los Nettos" regional network for the Los
         Angeles area, creating prototype implementations of several
         of the protocols developed for the Internet community,
         including the Simple Mail Transport Protocol, the Domain Name
         Service, and an experimental Multimedia Mail system.  Earlier
         Jon studied the possible approaches for converting the
         ARPANET from the NCP protocol to the TCP protocol.
         Participated in the design of many protocols for the Internet
         Before moving to ISI, Jon worked at SRI International in Doug
         Engelbart's group developing the NLS (later called Augment)
         system.  While at SRI Jon led a special project to develop
         protocol specifications for the Defense Communication Agency
         for AUTODIN-II.  Most of the development effort during this
         period at ARC was focused on the National Software Works.
         Prior to working at SRI, Jon spent a few months with Keydata
         redesigning and reimplementing the NCP in the DEC PDP-15 data
         management system used by ARPA.  Before Keydata, Jon worked
         at the Mitre Corporation in Virginia where he conducted a
         study of ARPANET Network Control Protocol implementations.
         Jon received his B.S. and M.S. in Engineering in 1966 and
         1968 (respectively) from UCLA, and the Ph.D. in Computer
         Science in 1974 from UCLA.  Jon is a member of the ACM.  Jon
         continues to participate in the Internet Activities Board and
         serves as the editor of the "Request for Comments" Internet
         document series.
  1. ———–
         My first experience with the ARPANET was at UCLA when I was
         working in the group that became the Network Measurement
         Center.  When we were told that the first IMP would be
         installed at UCLA we had to get busy on a number of problems.
         We had to work with the other early sites to develop

Malkin [Page 29] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         protocols, and we had to get our own computing environment in
         order -- this included creating a time-sharing operating
         system for the SDS Sigma-7 computer.  Since then the ARPANET
         and then the Internet have continued to grow and always
         faster than expected.  I think three factors contribute to
         the success of the Internet: 1) public documentation of the
         protocols, 2) free (or cheap) software for the popular
         machines, and 3) vendor independence.
    4.21 Joyce K. Reynolds, IETF User Services Area Director
         Joyce K. Reynolds has been affiliated with USC/Information
         Sciences Institute since 1979.  Ms. Reynolds has contributed
         to the development of the DARPA Experimental Multimedia Mail
         System, the Post Office Protocol, the Telnet Protocol, and
         the Telnet Option Specifications.  She helped update the File
         Transfer Protocol.  Her current technical interests include:
         internet protocols, internet management, technical
         researching, writing, and editing, Internet security
         policies, X.500 directory services and Telnet Options.  She
         established a new informational series of notes for the
         Internet community: FYI (For Your Information) RFCs.  FYI
         RFCs are documents useful to network users.  Their purpose is
         to make available general and useful information with broad
         Joyce K. Reynolds received Bachelor of Arts and Master of
         Arts degrees in the Social Sciences from the University of
         Southern California (USC).  Ms. Reynolds is the Associate
         Editor of the Internet Society News.  She is a member of the
         California Internet Federation and the American Society of
         Professional and Executive Women.  She is affiliated with Phi
         Alpha Theta (Honors Society).  She is currently listed in
         Who's Who in the American Society of Professional and
         Executive Women and USC's Who's Who in the College of
         Letters, Arts, and Sciences Alumni Directory.
  1. ———–
         It has been interesting thirteen years in my professional
         life to participate in the Internet world, from the
         transition from the TENEX to TOPs-20 machines in 1979 to
         surviving the NCP to TCP transition in 1980.  Celebrating the
         achievement of the ISI 1000 Hour Club where one of our TOPs-
         20 machines set a record for staying up and running for 1000
         consecutive hours without crashing, to watching the cellular
         split of the ARPANET into the Milnet and Internet sides, and
         surviving the advent.  All in all, my most memorable times

Malkin [Page 30] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         are the people who have contributed to the research and
         development of the Internet.  Lots of hard, intense work,
         coupled with creative, exciting fun.  As for the future,
         there is much discussion and enthusiasm about the next steps
         in the evolution of the Internet.  I'm looking forward.
    4.22 Dr. Michael Schwartz, IRSG Member
         Michael Schwartz has been an Assistant Professor of Computer
         Science at the University of Colorado, Boulder, since 1987.
         His research concerns distributed systems and networks of
         international scale, with particular focus on the problem of
         allowing users to discover the existence of resources of
         interest, such as documents, software, data, network
         services, and people.  He is also actively involved with
         various network measurement studies concerning usage and
         connectivity of the global Internet.
         Dr. Schwartz is the chair of the recently formed Internet
         Research Task Force research group on Resource Discovery and
         Directory Service, and is a member of ACM, CPSR, and IEEE.
         He received his B.S. degree in Mathematics and Computer
         Science from UCLA, and his M.S. and Ph.D.  degrees in
         Computer Science from the University of Washington.  While a
         graduate student, he worked on locally distributed systems,
         heterogeneous systems, and naming problems.  Schwartz also
         worked on radar systems at Hughes Aircraft Company, and on
         multi-vendor telephone switching problems at Bell
         Communications Research.
  1. ———–
         The growth in connectivity and functionality of the Internet
         over the past five years has been phenomenal.  Yet, few would
         argue that the Internet is in any sense mature.  I believe
         what is lacking most are ease of use by a non-expert
         populace, and facilities that will allow the Internet to
         continue to grow in usefulness as the network grows much
         larger.  When the Macintosh computer was first introduced, it
         swept in an era where "ordinary users" could buy a computer,
         turn it on, and begin working.  We need analogous
         advancements in the field of networking and distributed
         systems, to allow people to make sophisticated use of the
         capbilities of large networks without the large amount of
         specialized knowledge that is currently required.  I am
         particularly interested in services and protocols that will
         allow people to search for resources of interest in the
         Internet; to collaborate with individuals who share their

Malkin [Page 31] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

         interests and concerns, according to very flexible criteria
         for shared interest relationships; and to move about the
         global Internet, plugging their mobile computers in at any
         point, seamlessly and effortlessly configuring their system
         to allow them to work at each new site.
    4.23 Bernhard Stockman, IETF Operations Area Co-director
         Bernhard Stockman graduated as Master of Science in Electric
         Engineering and Computer Systems from the Royal Institute of
         Technology in Stockholm Sweden 1986. After a couple of years
         as a researcher in distributed computer systems he was 1989
         employed by the NORDUNET and SUNET Network Operation Centre
         where he is responisble for network monitoring and traffic
         Bernhard Stockman is mainly involved in international
         cooperative efforts. He chairs the RIPE Task Force on Network
         Monitoring and Statistics. He chairs the European European
         Engineering and Planning Group (EEPG) and is by this also
         co-chair in the Intercontinental Engineering and
         PlanningGroup (IEPG). He chairs the IETF Operations Area and
         is hence the first non-US member of the IESG. He is also co-
         charing the Operations Requirements Area Directorate (ORAD).
         Bernhard Stockman is currently also involved in the
         specification and implementation of a pan-European
         multiprotocol backbone. He is charing the group responsibel
         for the technical design of the European Backbone (EBONE)
    4.24 Gregory Vaudreuil, IESG Member
         Greg Vaudreuil currently serves as both the Internet
         Engineering Steering Group Secretary, and the IETF Manager.
         As IESG Secretary, he is responsible for shepherding Internet
         standards track protocols through the standards process.  As
         IETF Manager, he shares with the IESG Area Directors the
         responsibility for chartering and managing the progress of
         all working groups in the IETF.  He chairs the Internet Mail
         Extensions working group of the IETF.
         He graduated from Duke University with a degree in Electrical
         Engineering and a major in Public Policy Studies.  He was
         thrust into the heart of the IETF by accepting a position
         with the Corporation for National Research Initiatives to
         manage the explosive growth of the IETF.

Malkin [Page 32] RFC 1336 Who's Who May 1992

5. Security Considerations

 Security issues are not discussed in this memo.

6. Author's Address

 Gary Scott Malkin
 Xylogics, Inc.
 53 Third Avenue
 Burlington, MA  01803
 Phone:  (617) 272-8140
 EMail:  gmalkin@Xylogics.COM

Malkin [Page 33]

/data/webs/external/dokuwiki/data/pages/rfc/fyi/fyi9.txt · Last modified: 1992/05/27 00:18 (external edit)