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Network Working Group J. Martin Request for Comments: 1402 Ohio State University FYI: 10 January 1993 Obsoletes: 1290

                There's Gold in them thar Networks!
           Searching for Treasure in all the Wrong Places

Status of this Memo

 This RFC provides information for the Internet community.  It does
 not specify an Internet standard.  Distribution of this memo is


 A wealth of information exists on the network.  In fact, there is so
 much information that you could spend your entire life browsing. This
 paper will present some of the "gold nuggets" of information and file
 repositories on the network that could be useful.
 The ultimate goal is to make the route to these sources of
 information invisible to you.  At present, this is not easy to do.  I
 will explain some of the techniques that can be used to make these
 nuggets easier to pick up so that we all can be richer.

Table of Contents

 1.0  Introduction................................................   2
 2.0  Lists and Indexes of Network Resources/Bibliographies/
      Information Available over the Network......................   7
 3.0  Libraries Available over the Network........................  14
 4.0  Anonymous FTP Sites.........................................  14
 5.0  Network Information Centers - NICs..........................  17
 6.0  Network Statistics..........................................  19
 7.0  Campuswide Information Systems - CWISes.....................  20
 8.0  Internet Bulletin Board System/Interactive
      Databases/Freenet...........................................  28
 9.0  WHOIS - E-mail white pages..................................  32
 10.0 Books.......................................................  35
 11.0 Free Periodicals/Tabloids/Magazines.........................  36
 12.0 Glossary....................................................  37
 Security Considerations..........................................  39
 Author's Address.................................................  39

Martin [Page 1] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

1.0 Introduction

 This paper is a list of the essential things, in my view, that a
 people who are responsible for providing network information should
 have in their hands as reference material.  One of the basic problems
 with information is making it easily available to those who need the
 data.  Libraries have been performing a cataloging function for many
 centuries.  Information flow is now being provided so fast that it is
 difficult to keep up with it, even partially. Computer networks have
 only added to the problem by opening up access to even more
 Attempting to make this wealth of information available to those who
 would find it useful poses some problems.
 First, we need to know of its existence.  To that end, this paper
 provides an index to the vast realm of network information. Most of
 the documents listed here are POINTERS to the final information.
 Second, even if you know of a document's existence, you may not know
 if it is important or relevant.  Few of us are knowledgeable in more
 than a limited area.  We need to rely on others to make us aware of
 the importance of databases in a specific discipline. Librarians can
 be of great assistance here.  They are familiar with the research
 databases that individuals search in law, mathematics, and many other
 Finally, once existence and importance are known, the information
 needs to be indexed so that researchers can find it.  This is the
 most difficult task to accomplish.  Information available on the
 network is rarely static.  It is always moving, growing, changing,
 and dying.  Computers should be able to assist us in managing this
 ever-changing environment.  Right now, we have to catalog the
 information as it passes through the network.  In my  case, I
 generally save it in a file somewhere and spend far too much time
 trying to retrieve it again when I need it.

1.5 Access to the Internet

 A frequently asked question concerns how the average mortal gets
 access to the Internet.  The most common way is via electronic mail.
 Using e-mail, it is possible to communicate with anyone on the
 Internet and on any other networks as well, and there are many
 "gateways" to the Internet from other networks and systems.  For
 instance using CompuServe, a large commercial electronic information
 and communication service, you can send e-mail to and from
 individuals on the Internet.

Martin [Page 2] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 A direct connection to the Internet provides some additional
 capabilities that e-mail cannot.  One of these is the ability to
 establish a connection to a remote computer connected to the Internet
 from your own personal computer or from one connected to the
 Internet. The program that establishes this connection is called
 Telnet.  Many universities and large research companies have Internet
 connections.  They pay rather large fees to have these high speed
 (more than one million bits per second) connections.  If you are
 associated with a large university or company you already may have
 access or can gain access to the Internet using one of their
 A direct connection to the Internet also allows you to transfer a
 file from a remote computer.  This program is referred to as FTP
 (file transfer protocol).  Section 4.0 covers the many places that
 have files and programs available using FTP.
 The following information was taken from a Frequently Asked Question
 posting by Aydin Edguer to the alt.bbs newsgroup.
 If you do not have access to a service connected to Internet, you can
 get access for a fee.  The following companies provide Internet
 access to individuals or companies at various rates depending on the
 time of access, speed of access desired, and several other factors.
 The first method to gain access to the Internet is by getting an
 account on a public access bulletin board system that is connected to
 the Internet.  There are a growing number of such systems available.
 For information on some of these systems, send electronic mail to:
 Any of these systems is open to the public for a monthly access fee.
 A second method to gain access to the Internet is by getting an
 account with a network service provider who offers a dial-in service.
 See the "How do I get connected to the Internet?" section for more

Martin [Page 3] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 How do I get connected to the Internet?
 Traditionally, connections to the Internet were dedicated
 connections.  This is still the most common type of connection.
 Monthly costs for the connection range anywhere from $250 per month
 [plus line charges] for a dialup 9600-bps connection to $4,000 [plus
 line charges] for a T1 [1.44-Mbps] connection.  There is also an
 initial one-time startup fee of anywhere from $100 to $8,000 [plus
 equipment charges].
 Some service providers also are offering part-time dialup
 connections.  Customers share a set of phone lines and dialup when
 needed.  This is usually less expensive than dedicated dialup
 connections for customers who need a connection less than 80 hours
 per month.  Monthly costs range from $40-100 per month [plus line
 charges] plus an hourly charge of $2-4.
 Some service providers have begun to offer a new dial-in service.
 The name for dial-in service varies from vendor to vendor.  The
 dial-in service is usually provided as a way for Internet-connected
 users to connect back to their home sites from remote locations.  But
 most service providers do not limit their service to this audience,
 it is open to people not already on the Internet.  The dial-in
 service provides either a terminal server connection [with password]
 or an account on the service provider's equipment [with password]
 which permits you to use Telnet to connect to other sites on the
 Internet.  This service differs from the normal dialup IP services
 because it does not require the user to run any IP software like PPP
 (Point-to-Point protocol) or SLIP (serial line IP).  The cost for
 this service usually range from $35 to $250 per month [plus line
 charges].  There is also an initial $35 to $500 connection fee [plus
 equipment charges].
 The following is a list of known Internet service providers, along
 with the services they offer, an e-mail address to contact for more
 information, a phone number to contact for more information, or an
 FTP archive for more information.

Martin [Page 4] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 Full time connections
  speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
 Leased Line      y     y    y    y    n
 Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
  note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
 Part time connections: no
 Dial-in Service: none
 Region: national (USA)
 Phone: (800)4UUNET3
 Full time connections
  speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
 Leased Line      y     y    y    y    n
 Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
  note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
 Part time connections: yes
 Dial-in Service: Global Dialup Service (GDS)
 Region: national (USA)
 Phone: (800)82PSI82
 Full time connections
  speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
 Leased Line      n     y    y    y    n
 Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
  note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
 Part time connections: yes
 Dial-in Service: DIAL'n'CERF (nationwide USA)
 Region: California
 Phone: (800)876-CERF

Martin [Page 5] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 Full time connections
  speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
 Leased Line      n     n    y    y    y
 Dialup Line      n     n    -    -    -
  note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
 Part time connections: no
 Region: national (USA)
 Phone: (914)789-5300 or (313)663-2482
 Full time connections
  speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
 Leased Line      y     y    n    n    n
 Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
  note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
 Part time connections: yes
 Dial-in Service: yes [*note* it is a local call from any 313 #]
 Region: Michigan
 Phone: (313)741-1120
 Full time connections
  speed          9.6K 14.4K 56K   T1   T3
 Leased Line      y     y    y    y    y
 Dialup Line      y     y    -    -    -
  note: T1=1.544Mbs T3=45Mbps
 Part time connections: yes
 Dial-in Service: none
 Region: Ohio
 Phone: (614)292-0700
 Please note, although this is a Frequently asked Question, this
 newsgroup, alt.bbs.internet, is NOT for the discussion of how to get
 connected to the Internet.  This is the correct newsgroup to discuss
 your bulletin board system and what it offers once you are connected
 to the Internet.
 The above excerpt is from a frequently asked questions Usenet posting
 to alt.bbs.internet and crossposted to news.answers.  The
 news.answers newsgroup is a very good group to subscribe to read the
 frequently asked questions sent to many newsgroups.  See 12.6 Usenet
 entry in the Glossary for more information on newsgroups.

Martin [Page 6] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 Further investigation in the above groups yields a great deal of
 information about techniques and rates to access the Internet.  Of
 course one common question is about getting free access.  As
 mentioned before if you are associated with a university, a large
 company, or research group you may very well have access via one of
 their computers.  If you are a student or faculty member and are away
 from your local campus, you may be able to get a guest account from
 the local university.
 Some campuswide information systems may give limited access to the
 network in a read-only mode.  Also some communities (such as
 Cleveland) operate a FREENET which enables you to read newsgroups and
 if you register send mail at no charge.  See section 8.0 for more
 For example, you can Telnet to Holonet below to get an idea of how it
 works.  This is not an endorsement of this system but it does give
 you a good idea how this type of access to an Internet BBS works.

1.7 Holonet (Commercial access to Internet)

    Login with userid of guest

2.0 Lists and Indexes of Network Resources/Bibliographies/

   Information Available over the Network
 2.01  Internet Resource Guide (document)
    This is an excellent guide to major resources available on the
    network. The table of tontents includes chapters on Computational
    Resources, Library Catalogs, Archives, White Pages, Networks,
    Network Information Centers, and Miscellaneous.
    Anonymous ftp to NNSC.NSF.NET
    cd resource-guide
    get (PostScript) or
    get resource-guide.txt.tar.Z (ASCII text)
    Telnet to (Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries)
    Select terminal type.
    Choose Item 3 (Information Databases).
    Choose Item 65 (Internet Resource Guide).
    You can then browse or do a keyword search.

Martin [Page 7] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

    To quit type //EXIT
 2.02  Anonymous FTP Sites (document)
    This document offers a list of all the sites on the Internet that
    support anonymous FTP.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/ftp-list
    get ftp.list
    Telnet to
    Login as user archie
    Type help to get a list of commands
    Type prog topic - where topic is the keyword for the search of a
    program topic.
    See section 4.05 for more information about using Archie.
 2.03  INDEX - Index of all RFCs - (document)
    RFC-1118 - The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Internet
    RFC-1175 - A Bibliography of Internetworking Information
    RFC-1173 - Responsibilities of Host and Network Managers
    RFC-1325 - Answers to Commonly Asked "New Internet User"
    RFC-1207 - Answers to Commonly Asked "Experienced Internet User"
    RFC-1208 - Networking Glossary of Terms
    RFC-1359 - Connecting to the Internet
    RFC-1392 - Internet Users' Glossary
    RFC-1402 - Gold in the Network (this file)
    Anonymous FTP to
    cd documents/rfc
    get INDEX.rfc
    get rfc1118.txt
    get rfc1175.txt
    get rfc1173.txt
    get rfc1206.txt
    get rfc1207.txt
    get rfc1208.txt
    get rfc1359.txt
    get rfc1392.txt
    get rfc1402.txt

Martin [Page 8] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 2.04  Interest Groups  List-of-Lists (document)
    This is a document that list existing mailing lists and groups. To
    get on the list to receive updates, send e-mail to Interest-
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd netinfo
    get interest-groups
 2.05  Regional network policies (documents)
    Many regional networks have developed policies on responsible use
    of their network.  You can retrieve copies of these policies on
    line by anonymous FTP.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd netinfo
    get ???.policy
    where ??? is the name of the regional network.  The dir command
    will give you a directory of the filenames.
 2.06  Campus ethics/policy statements (documents)
    Many universities have developed more complete policies based on
    the regional network policies.  If you want to look at some to use
    as guidelines for your own campus, you can get them through
    anonymous FTP.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd ethics
    get ???.policy
    where ??? is the name of the university or college.  The dir
    command will give you a directory of the filenames.
 2.07  VAX Book (document)
    Joe St. Sauver of the University of Oregon has developed a
    complete guide of information on the network available via
    anonymous FTP.  The following is a quote from the README file:
    "While it is tailored to the University of Oregon's VAX8000
    system, the skills it illustrates are general enough to be of

Martin [Page 9] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

    interest to users at most other VAX sites, and even users at many
    non-VAX sites connected to the national networks."   A major
    section on Network Topics is excellent.  It is a large document,
    more than 300 pages.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/vaxbook
    get  (PostScript format)
    get vms.mem (lineprinter format)
 2.08  Network Tidbits  COMPUNET BIBLIO (document)
    This is a "Network Bibliography" by Elliott Parker from the
    Journalism Department of Central Michigan University.  It contains
    a bibliography of network related documents that he finds helpful.
    Send e-mail to comserve@rpiecs (BITNET)
    The message should contain the following one-line request:
    You will receive the file "COMPUNET BIBLIO" via return mail as
    well as a "Welcome to Comserve" message and a "Getting Started
    with Comserve message."  If you are unfamiliar with how the
    program Listserv works on BITNET, these documents are a good
 2.09  Internet Tour Macintosh HyperCard 2.0 Stack (program)
    This is a Macintosh HyperCard 2.0 stack that does a nice job of
    describing some of the functions of the Internet.  It has a
    section that you can modify for your own institution's needs.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd internet-tour
    get Internet-Tour-README
    get Internet-Tour.sit.hqx
    Note this is a stuffed and binhexed file.  You must have the
    program Stuffit to convert it to an executable file on the

Martin [Page 10] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 2.10  A Survey of Educational Computer Networks (document)
    This is a fact-finding project to examine the current status of
    computer networks in K-12 education, including ways in which
    networking linkages are impacting educational tasks.  This is a
    good summary for educators.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd library
    get networks survey
 2.11  Internet Resource Directory
    A group of teachers compiled a Internet Resource Directory that
    would be of specific interest to teachers.  It is available in
    four parts:
    Listservers, Telnet sites, FTP sites, and general infusion-ideas.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd public_access
    get IRD-listservs.txt
    get IRD-Telnet-sites.txt
    get IRD-FTP-sites.txt
    get IRD-infusion-ideas.txt
 2.12  Network Managers' Reading List (document)
    This document is an annotated list of books and other resources
    for network managers who are using TCP/IP, UNIX, and Ethernet
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/netinfo/docs
    get net-read.txt
 2.13 Network Resources List (document)
    This document lists of many resources available on the network,
    including weather, online databases, book reviews, a ham radio
    callbook, and many more.  Author Scott Yanoff
    ( routinely posts lists to newsgroups
    alt.bbs.internet, news.lists,, and

Martin [Page 11] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub
 2.14 Zen and the Art of the Internet (document; version 1)
    This document is the first version of what has become a book (see
    section 10 for information on version 2) in book format.  The
    first version has some very good information on the Internet and
    is designed for the beginning user.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/zen
    get README
    get zen-1.0.PS
 2.15 Hytelnet (Program)
    Hytelnet is a must-have program available for UNIX, Macintoshes,
    and PCs. It is designed to help you reach all of the Internet-
    accessible libraries, freenets, CWISes, library BBSs, and other
    information sites by Telnet. Peter Scott is the developer of this
    program, and he also maintains a list if you want to receive the
    latest updates on network information.
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/hytelnet
    get README
    Change directory to the computer you want to run hytelnet from:
    cd pub/hytelnet/pc
    cd pub/hytelnet/amiga
    cd pub/hytelnet/mac
    cd pub/hytelnet/pc
    cd pub/hytelnet/unix
    cd pub/hytelnet/vms

Martin [Page 12] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 2.16 World Wide Webb
    The WWW project merges the techniques of information retrieval and
    hypertext to make an easy but powerful global information system.
    The project is based on the philosophy that academic information
    should be freely available to anyone. Its aim is to permit
    information sharing within internationally dispersed teams and
    dissemination of information by support groups.  Originally aimed
    at the High Energy Physics community, it has spread to other areas
    and attracted much interest in user support, resource discovery,
    and collaborative work areas.
    Reader View
    The WWW world consists of documents and links.  Indexes are
    special documents which, rather than being read, can be searched.
    The result of such a search is another ("virtual") document
    containing links to the documents found.  A simple protocol
    ("HTTP") is used to allow a browser program to request a keyword
    search by a remote information server.
    The web contains documents in many formats. Those hypertext
    documents (real or virtual) contain links to other documents or
    places within documents.  All documents, whether real, virtual or
    indexes, look similar to the reader and are contained within the
    same addressing scheme.
    To follow a link, you either click with a mouse or type in a
    number. To search an index, give keywords or other search
    criteria. These are the only operations necessary to access the
    entire world of data.
    You can try the simple line mode browser by Telnetting to (no user or password) From UK JANET, use the gateway.
    You also can find out more about WWW in this way.  This is the
    least sophisticated browser; remember that the window-oriented
    ones are much smarter.
    It is much more efficient to install a browser on your own
    machine. The line mode browser is currently available in source
    form by anonymous FTP from node: [currently] as:
    (v.vv is the version number - take the latest.)

Martin [Page 13] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

    Also available is a hypertext editor for the NeXT
    (WWWNeXTStepEditor_v.vv.tar.Z), the ViolaWWW browser for X11, and
    a skeleton server daemon (WWWDaemon_v.vv.tar.Z).
    Documentation is readable using www. A plain text version of the
    installation instructions is included in the tar file.  Printable
    (PostScript) documentation and articles are in /pub/www/doc
    Telnet to
    No login required.
    Telnet to
    Login as www

3.0 Libraries Available over the Network

 Hundreds of libraries are accessible over the network, far too many
 to list here.  Several documents listInternet-accessible libraries
 including two major ones:  Internet-Accessible Library Catalogs and
 Databases, coauthored by Dr. Art St. George of the University of New
 Mexico ( [Internet] or stgeorge@unmb [BITNET])
 and Dr. Ron Larsen of the University of Maryland; and UNT's Accessing
 On-Line Bibliographic Databases by Billy Barron,
 ( [Internet]).
 3.1  Internet-Accessible Library Catalogs and Databases (document)
 Anonymous ftp to
 cd library
 get (PostScript format)
 get internet.library (ASCII text version)
 3.2  UNT's Accessing On-Line Bibliographic Databases (document)
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/library
    get (PostScript format)
    get libraries.txt (ASCII text version)
    get libraries.wp5 (WordPerfect 5.1 source)

4.0 The Mother Lode of Anonymous FTP Sites

 Throughout this document, sites are listed for specific documents.
 Most are only indexes to more information.  A big problem is

Martin [Page 14] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 searching through all this information to find what you want.  One of
 the best search methods is Archie, described below.
 Several sites contain large repositories of files and other sites
 that are the source for specific programs such as Kermit, the public
 domain file transfer program.
 4.05 archie
    One of the best ways of searching for a program available via
    anonymous FTP is with archie (Archive Server Listing Service),
    several of these servers scattered throughout the world.  The
    fastest one I have found is the Advanced Network & Services, Inc.
    located in the United States.
    Archie goes to every site that offers anonymous FTP files,
    collects the file structure from that site, and places it in a
    database it can search.
    A real-life example.  I was reading an article about Windows in
    the July 1992 issue of PC World, and it mentioned a shareware
    program called ZiPaper on page 212.  The name of the program is  I can use Archie to locate this program.
    login as archie
    At the archie prompt type
    The response is
    Host  (
    Last updated 17:22 13 July 1992
       Location:  /mirrors3/
        FILE      rw-rw-r--   41984  Jan 30 1991
    This tells you the file is available via anonymous FTP to in the directory
    mirrors3/ and the file is

Martin [Page 15] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 4.1  Washington University (anonymous FTP)
    Washington University represents perhaps one of the most popular
    sites for software on the network.  The Mirrors directory contains
    a copy of all of the files. Wsmr-simtel20- is the originator and keeper of major amounts of public
    domain software.  Their site, however, is often overloaded and
    difficult to connect to.
    You will find enough software in the Mirrors directory to keep you
    busy for the rest of your life.  The MS-DOS and Macintosh
    subdirectories contain files for those specific machines.
    Anonymous FTP to
    cd mirrors
    cd msdos
    For income tax time cd taxes
    For unzipping files cd zip, type binary, and get pkz110eu.exe
    For education software cd education
    For graphics files cd giff, tiff or graphics
    cd macintosh
    For the Macintosh there are directories for applications, inits,
    sounds, reviews, and many more.
 4.2  KERMIT (anonymous FTP)
    Kermit is a public domain file transfer protocol available for
    just about all microcomputers, minicomputers, andmainframes.  It
    is very popular and has been has been used at computer facilities
    Anonymous FTP to
    cd kermit
    For executable versions of kermit:
    cd bin
    get READ.ME file and read for specifics of what file to get.
    For the IBM PC, I get msvibm.exe after typing binary to activate
    the binary transfer mode.

Martin [Page 16] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 4.3  NCSA Software for Network Access from PCs
     (anonymous FTP)
    Anonymous ftp to
    cd NCSA_Telnet
    cd PC/Telnet  (for IBM PC Software)
    get where xx is the current version number
    (in binary format; I also suggest getting readme files)
    cd Mac/Telnet
    get telnet.x.sithqx where x is the current version number
    (in binary format; I also suggest getting readme files)
 4.4 Other Popular Ftp Sites (anonymous FTP)
    Name of Site                What's there               Macintosh system software/technical
                                notes              Gatorbox archive site           Mathematica archive site       Macintosh software      Macintosh software       Macintosh software            Disinfectant archive site
                                (virus software)      GateKeeper archive site
                         (virus software)             NCSA Telnet archive site (BYU version)           NCSA Telnet archive site        F-Prot/Scan & Clean archive site
                         (virus software)            Virus Documentation     MS-DOS software            MS-DOS software    (PC-SIG CD)             MS-DOS software         MS-DOS software       MS-DOS software    (Windows software)  UNIX software

5.0 Network Information Centers - NICs

 Contact NICs if you want information on what networking is all about
 and how you can connect.  They can put you in contact with the
 individuals in your area who can help you get a network connection.
 They can also provide assistance if you don't know who else to ask
 about network topics.

Martin [Page 17] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

 5.1 Goverment Systems, Inc. (GSI) (Internet NIC)
    Government Systems, Inc. (GSI)
    Attn: Network Information Center
    14200 Park Meadow Drive
    Suite 200
    Chantilly, VA 22021
    (800) 365-3642 or (703) 802-4535
    FAX: (703) 802-8373
    The main NIC on the Internet.  The source for network numbers,
    domain names, and much more.
 5.2  NSF Network Service Center (NNSC) (NIC)
    NSF Network Service Center
    Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.
    10 Moulton St.
    Cambridge, MA 02138
    (617) 873-3400
    Publishes a newsletter called NSF Network News; to subscribe,
    contact them at the address above.
 5.3  NSFNET Information Services (NIS)
    NSFNET Information Services
    Merit Network, Inc.
    ITI Building
    2901 Hubbard, Pod G
    Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2016
    (313) 936-3000 or (800) 66MERIT
    Publishes a newsletter called Linkletter; to subscribe send e-mail
 5.4  SRI International Network Information Systems Center (NISC)
    SRI International
    Network Information Systems Center
    333 Ravenswood Avenue, Room EJ291
    Menlo Park, CA 94015

Martin [Page 18] RFC 1402 Searching for Treasure January 1993

    (415) 859-6387 or (415) 859-3695
    Fax: (415) 859-6028
 5.5  BITNET (NIC)
    BITNET Network Information Center
    Corporation for Research and Educational Networking (CREN)
    1112 16th Street, N.W.
    Suite 600
    Washington, DC 20036
    (202) 872-4200
    Lisa Covi, BITNET Support
    5.6 NASA Science Internet Network Information Center (NIC-NSI)
    Goddard Space Flight Center
    Code 930.4
    Greenbelt, MD 20771
    Hotline: (303) 286-7251
    FAX: (301) 286-5152
    NSI is an international dual-protocol network (TCP/IP and DECnet),
    which supports scientists and engineers worldwide.  The NSI-NIC
    supports a help desk, online services, anonymous FTP, and
    interoperability gateways, along with other services.
    Bill Yurick, NSI-NIC Staff

6.0 Network Statistics

 If you would like to publish statistics in your newsletter about your
 institution's network traffic into and out of the NSFNET backbone,
 you can obtain information on either the packets or bytes sent.  I
 prefer bytes which can be translated into an understandable figure.
 6.1  Files containing monthly information on NSF Internet
      backbone traffic by packets or bytes (document)
    Anonymous FTP to

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    cd statistics/nsfnet
    get INDEX.statistics
    cd 19?? where ?? is the year you are interested in.
    Files are availble for traffic by ports, country, delay, bytes and
    packets for T1 and T3 networks.

7.0 Campuswide Information Systems - CWISes

 The information in this section is intended primarily for those  who
 are providing access methods from their own computing environments.
 Although standards have been proposed, there are no "packages" that
 give you access to all of the information presented here.  What The
 Ohio State University and several other universities have done is
 provide a menu to the user that accesses these services and databases
 behind the scenes.  In fact, I  had to refer to the shell scripts to
 look up the network addresses of these machines, because I rely on
 the menu for access as well.
 As the name implies, information systems provide access to
 information the user knowing exactly how to get to it.  In this way,
 the network is invisible to end users.  All they need to know is what
 they want, not the command structure needed to actually get the
 At present, the menu system seems to be the easiest way in In the
 background is a knowbot, a program that knows how to go out and
 locate services on the network using a keyword search.
 You can connect to the following sites for a demonstration of their
 Many CWIS systems are converting to Gopher (see section 8.96).
 Hytelnet (see section 2.15) also has complete listings of CWIS
 7.1  Appalachian State University (
    Login as info
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Ernest Jones (jonesel@appstate.bitnet)

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 7.2  Arizona State University PEGASUS and ASEDD
    Login as helloasu
    Use tn3270.
    Hardware/software:  Running PNN News Network Software under
    VM/CMS (with Profs and FOCUS)
    Contact:  Joy Kramer (
    Contains two databases:  Personal Guide to ASU Stuff (PEGASUS)
    and Arizona State Economic Development Database (ASEDD).
 7.3  Clemson University
    Login as public
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Amy Slankard (
    System contains information on weather for South Carolina, North
    Carolina, and Georgia; economics; plants; animals; engineering;
    food; home; health; family; and youth.
 7.4  Columbia University Login as calendar
    Contact:  David Millman (
 7.5  Cornell CUINFO Connect to port 300.  Use Telnet or tn3270.
    Different versions of Telnet or tn3270 have different syntax for
    defining the port.  The following are the most common:
    Hardware/software:  VM/CMS; IBM S/370 assembler; locally written
    Contact:  Steve Worona (slw@cornella.bitnet)
    CUINFO of interest to nonCornell community members:
    Uncle Ezra     The electronic counselor - first program of its
                kind; a must read

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    Directories    Student and staff directories - includes staff
                electronic addresses Ski Reports    Up-to-the-minute
    upstate New York ski reports
                (Seasonal) Jobs Listings and descriptions of jobs at
    Cornell Computing Extensive online information regarding computing
                Cornell Patents   Descriptions of current patents held
    by Cornell Various Newsletters Newsletters from numerous campus
    groups Weather   Up-to-the-minute local weather forecast
 7.6  Lafayette Integrated, Networked Campus - LINC ( Use Telnet or tn3270.  When you
    see the LINC logo, ignore the ALT-L advice and clear the logo by
    pressing Enter.  On next screen, instead of logging on, type DIAL
    MUSIC (case does not matter).  On login screen that appears, use
    GUEST as ID, and GUEST as password.
    Hardware/software:  IBM 9375 running MUSIC/SP Contact:  Patrick
    Ciriello  (ciri@lafayacs.bitnet)
 7.7  Lehigh Use tn3270.  At the VM prompt, type DIAL MUSIC,
    and at the /ID prompt, type LUNA.
    Hardware/software:  IBM 4381 running MUSIC.  Planning to move to
    AIX on RS/6000s.  Contact:  Timothy J. Foley
 7.8  Mississippi State University (MSUinfo) ( Login as msuinfo Terminal type:
    enter yours; most are supported.
    Hardware/software:  UNIX/TechInfo Contact:  Bennet George
    Contains announcements, campus events, community events,
    continuing education offerings, jobs, recent press releases,
    research funding opportunities, and more.
 7.9  MIT TechInfo
    Accessible either via Telnet, or via a native Macintosh
    application that uses the MacTCP drivers to access the TechInfo
    server; requires a MacPlus with one Meg memory or better, System
    6.0.3 or better, and licensed MacTCP drivers.

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    Source code is freely available to other schools seeking to get
    started quickly - contact folks listed below.
    For Telnet access:
    telnet (
    No username/password is required.
    Once you're in, you can use upper- or lower-case commands.
    To exit the system, use the QUIT command.
    For native Macintosh access:
    anonymous FTP to, look in the /pub/techinfo
    directory, fetch techinfo.hqx; Binhex (a public domain tool)
    is required to decode the binary.
    Contact:  Tim McGovern (, (617) 253-0505
 7.10  New Mexico State University NMSU/INFO
    Login as info
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:   D. Brian Ormand (bormand@nmsuvm1.bitnet) or
 7.11  North Carolina State University Happenings! (
    Login as info
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Harry Nicholos (hmn@ncsuvax.bitnet)
 7.12  NYU ACF INFO system ( (
    Emulating a VT100 or better enables some additional suboptions.
    Contact:  Stephen Tihor ( or

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 7.13  Pima Community College
    Login as pimainfo
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Terry Loftus ( or Al Camberos
 7.14  Princeton News Network PNN
    Use Telnet or tn3270.  When you see the VM 370 logo, clear it,
    and instead of logging on, enter pnn (case does not matter).
    Clear the information screen that appears.
    Hardware/software:  VM/CMS; locally written.  A UNIX version and
    a Mac HyperCard version are up, running, and available. All
    versions (CMS, UNIX, and HyperCard) are available to universities
    at no cost.
    Contact:  Rita Saltz (rita@pucc.bitnet)
    System and Development:  Howard Strauss (howard@pucc.bitnet)
 7.15  Rutgers University 98
    No password required.
    Can be accessed from any microcomputer or terminal.
    Hardware/software:  written in lush (a public domain program);
    runs on any SUN workstation.
    Contact:  Leny Struminger (
    INFO contains universitywide activities, graduate course catalogs,
    faculty/taff phone directory, computer services, library online
    catalog, weather, news, bus schedules, and more.
 7.16  San Diego State University
    Login as sdsuinfo
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  pnn & nmm
    Contact:  Richard Caasi (

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 7.17  University of Arkansas
    Login as info
    Hardware/software:  IBM 4381-14, VM/HPO 6.0, Cornell's CUINFO
    Contact:  Susan Adkins (sa06037@uafsysb.bitnet) or
    System contains information on calendar of events, campus e-mail
    directory, and hours and services.
 7.18  University of Colorado at Boulder 852 ( 852)
    Login as CULINE
    Contact:  Donna Pattee (
 7.19  University of Denver
    Login as atdu
    Contact:  Bob Stocker (bstocker@ducair.bitnet)
 7.20  University of Minnesota at Duluth
    Login as info
    Emulate a vt100.
    Contact:  Frank Simmons (
    This system contains more than 700 documents ranging from athletic
    schedules to microcomputer prices to art gallery showing
    schedules. All commands are displayed at the bottom of each
    screen, and separate online help is available. Keyword searching
    is available, although at this time only words in the titles of
    documents are used.
 7.21  University of New Brunswick, Canada, INFO (
    Login with application id INFO
    No password is required.
    INFO is a full-screen CICS application running under MVS.

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    tn3270 emulation.
    Contact:  Bonita Mockler (
    System contains university calendar; class timetable; phone/fax
    numbers for faculty, staff, and students, faculty and staff e-mail
    IDs; seminar schedules; minutes; newsletter; and more.
 7.22  University of New Hampshire VideoTex (
    USERNAME:  student (no password required).
    Control-z to log off.
    VT100/VT200 terminal emulation.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Robin Tuttle (
    System includes phone directories, campus calendar, job listings,
    off-campus housing list, undergraduate catalog, class schedules,
    newsletters, services and programs, rights and rules of conduct,
    athletics and recreation information, activities, and workshops.
 7.23  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill INFO (
    Login as info
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Judy Hallman (hallman@unc.bitnet)
    System contains campus directory; job openings; "TheIndependent
    Study" catalog (correspondence courses); undergraduate catalog;
    continuing education classes; and several campus newsletters,
    including "Newsbrief," the weekly campus computing newsletter.
 7.24  University of North Carolina at Greensboro MINERVA
    Login as info or MINERVA
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Norman Hill (hillnr@uncg.bitnet)

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 7.25  University of North Carolina at Wilmington SEABOARD (
    Log in as info
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC/VTX
    Contact:  Eddy Cavenaugh (cavenaughd@uncwil.bitnet) or
    System includes class schedule listings, institutional statistics,
    library services, faculty and staff publications, current
    university news releases, phone directories, and facilities
 7.26  University of Northern Iowa
    Log in as public
    Prefers a vtxxx terminal, but works with unknown terminal types.
    Hardware/software:  The program uses UNIX tput clear, tput mc4,
    and tput mc5 (for printing).
    Contact:  Mike Yohe (
 7.27  University of Pennsylvania PennInfo
    (no login id is needed.)
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  MIT's Techinfo; type HELP for directions
    Contact:  Valerie Glauser (
    Contact:  Valerie Glauser (
    PennInfo can be accessed via MIT's TechInfo Mac client program as
    well.  We've modified the MAC client slightly because we have
    different contact information at Penn than MIT does.
 7.28  Ohio State University
    Login as oasis
    Emulate a VT100.
    Hardware/software:  DEC 5500 using Ultrix, shell scripts and

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    modified Gopher code to allow Gopher access.
    Contact:  Clifford Collins (

8.0 Internet Bulletin Board System/Interactive

 These are systems that you connect to through an
 anonymous Telnet session to access a variety of services/information.
 In some respects they resemble campuswide information systems; in others,
 they are more like bulletin boards or interactive databases.
 A file containing the most frequently asked questions about
 bulletin board systems is available via anonymous FTP.
 Anonymous FTP to
 cd pub
 get alt.bbs.faq
 Listed below are some of these types of systems.
 8.1  Cleveland Freenet - Case Western Reserve University
    Telnet to
    Follow the menu driven instructions.
 8.2  Heartland Freenet (
    Login as fnguest
 8.3  Youngstown Freenet - Youngstown State University
    Type visitor at userid prompt and follow menu driven
 8.4  Ocean Network Information Center
    When the Userid: prompt appears, type INFO and press Enter/Return

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 8.5  Geographic Name Server
    Telnet 3000
    For informatin on a place, type the name of the city and state as
    you would on the last line of a postal address.  Example:
    Zanesville, OH
 8.6  ISAAC
    ISAAC, the Information System for Advanced Academic Computing,
    serves as a clearinghouse for information about the use of IBM-
    compatible hardware and software as aids to instruction and
    research in higher education.  Membership is free to all students,
    faculty, and staff at institutions of higher education.
    For more information call (206) 543-5604.
    ISAAC requires that you register before you can access the system.
    To register, type register for the userid and password and fill in
    the information using the tab key to go from field to field.  Once
    registered, you will be assigned a userid and password; then you
    must reconnect, this time typing your assigned userid and
    To access ISAAC, you need to establish a Telnet connection over
    the network.  If you do not have network access, you also can call
    over phone lines.  Call (800) 237-5551 in the United States or,
    within the local Seattle area or outside the United States, call
    (206) 543-3761.
    telnet  or
 8.7  FEDIX
    FEDIX is an online information service that links the higher
    education community and the federal government to facilitate
    research, education, and services.  The system provides accurate
    and timely federal agency information to colleges, universities,
    and other research organizations.  There are no registration fees
    and no access charges for using FEDIX.  The only cost is for the
    phone call.
    FEDIX provides daily information updates on:
    Federal education and research programs (including descriptions,
    eligibility, funding, and deadlines).

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    Scholarships, fellowships, and grants.
    Used government research equipment available.
    New funding for specific research and education activities from
    the Commerce Business Daily, Federal Register, and other sources.
    Minority assistance research and education programs.
    News and current events within participating agencies.
    General information such as agency history, budget, organizational
    structure, and mission statement.
    For more information, contact the HELPLINE at (301) 975-0103
    Monday-Friday, 8:30 am to 4:30 pm EST, except on federal holidays.
    At the login: prompt type fedix
 8.8  STIS
    STIS is the Science and Technology Information System at the
    National Science Foundation.
    Information includes the NSF Bulletin, guide to programs, grants
    booklet (including forms), program announcements, press releases,
    NSF telephone book, reports of the National Science Board,
    descriptions of research projects funded by NSF (with abstracts),
    and analytical reports and news from the International Programs
    Publications may be searched by using a keyword, such as japan or
    volcano; using a phrase, such as exchange of scientists and soviet
    union; or by selecting a broad topic like biosciences.
    For more information, contact the National Science Foundation,
    Pone (202) 357-7555, FAX (202) 357-7745, TDD (202) 357-7492 or via
    e-mail to (Internet), or stis@nsf (BITNET).
    At the login: prompt type public
    At the terminal type prompt, type vt100nkp
    Enter your terminal type [blank=vt100]: vt100nkp
    You are asked for a userid of up to eight characters.  If you are

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    a new user, you will be asked to supply your name and address for
    record keeping.  You can search the NSF publications for
    information and have the information sent to your e-mail address
    if you wish.  STIS provides a menu system.  To get back to the
    main menu, press the esc key until you have the main menu on the
    screen.  Press the arrow key until Exit is highlighted, and press
    enter to exit STIS.
 8.9  Weather
    Telnet 3000
 8.93 NASA Spacelink
    A space-related information database provided by the NASA
    Educational Affairs Division.
    Login with userid newuser
    and password newuser
 8.95  WAIS
    Wide Area Information Server; this system uses a standard query
    system for access to information databases on the Internet.  It is
    a client server model with clients available for Macintoshes,
    NeXTs, UNIX and PCs.
    Login as wais
    Files avaialable via anonymous FTP to
    cd wais
 8.96 Gopher
    Gopher is a client server system that accesses information on the
    Internet.  Clients exist for Macintoshes, PCs, NeXTs, X Windows,
    and UNIX terminals.  The use of Gopher as Campus Wide Information
    Systems has been exploding in the past year.  If you have not
    tried Gopher I would highly recommend giving it a try.  It is
    truly a golden Gopher.

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    Telnet to
    Login as gopher
    Files available via anonymous FTP to
    cd pub/gopher

9.0 WHOIS - E-mail white pages

 WHOIS is a program available on many workstation/mini/mainframe
 computers that can connect to another computer. By supplying a
 persons name, it will respond with information it has on the person.
 A similar program called finger does the same type of thing, except
 it only supplies information on individuals with an account on that
 specific computer.  A WHOIS database generally is contains
 information on most of the individuals at a university, not just on
 the machine you connect to.
 In a larger sense WHOIS is a technique for finding a person's e-mail
 address.  There is no master list of e-mail addresses on the network.
 Standards have been established for supplying e-mail addresses, but
 it will take some time for it to be globally implemented.  In the
 meantime, the easiest way to find out is to call and ask!
 I can just hear the gasps of horror, using the phone for anything but
 talking to your mom, sacrilege.  There are, of course, many ways of
 finding a person's e-mail address.  But what you don't know is if the
 person even reads his/her e-mail, and in the case of multiple e-mail
 addresses, which one is correct.  A simple phone call the first time
 will answer those unknowns quickly.
 The following documents and resources will assist in finding a
 person's e-mail address.
 9.03 College E-mail Address
    Mark Kantrowitz ( of Caregie-Mellon University
    has compiled an extensive list of techniques for locating e-mail
    addresses for many universities.  This document contains an
    alphabetic listing of universities and searching techniques unique
    to each.
    Anonymous ftp to
       Note: for password you must use your e-mail address in the
          form of name@computer.
    cd /afs/

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       Note: you must cd to this directory as above, because
          intermediate directories are protected.
    get college-email.-#.text.##
       Note: the files are separated into several sections and you
          need to specify the sections you want by replacing the #
          shown above with a number 1, 2, 3 etc.
    You also can send mail to with
    no subject and the body of the text message (with no signature)
    send usenet/
    send usenet/
    Note the above commands should be all on one line.
 9.05 Netfind
    Netfind is a program that goes out and queries the network
    in an organized way to find e-mail addresses.
      Login is netfind
 9.07 Inter-Network Guide
    When mailing from one network to another you need to know what
    address to use to access the gateway.  For instance, if you want
    to send a message from the Internet to someone on CompuServe, you
    address it to, where the 12345.1234 is
    the person's CompuServe ID in the form 12345,1234.
    The Inter-Network Mail Guide by John Chew provides this
    Source: Send a mail message to No subject
    Message body of: GET NETWORK GUIDE
 9.09 WHOIS List
    The following is a list of universities that have a WHOIS service
    working.  A more complete list has been collected by Matt Power of
    MIT (

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    Anonymous ftp to
    cd pub/whois
    get whois-servers.list
    The following is a short list of WHOIS servers.
 9.1  The Ohio State University
    Telnet to
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter firstname.lastname
    Example: whois -h jerry.smith
 9.2  University of Oregon
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter firstname.lastname
    Example: whois -h Rose.Smith
 9.3  University of Virginia
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter lastname, firstname middlename
    Example: whois -h Smith, John James
 9.4  University of Pennsylvania
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter lastname, firstname
    Example: whois -h Smith, Judy
 9.5  University of Wisconsin
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter firstname lastname
    Example: whois -h Jane Smith
 9.6  MIT
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter firstname_lastname
    Example: whois -h Robert_Smith

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 9.7  Indiana University
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter firstname_lastname
    Example: whois -h Gerald_Smith
 9.8  Stanford University
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter firstname lastname
    Example: whois -h "shirley smith"
 9.9  University of California at Davis
    Use WHOIS command whois -h
    Enter lastname,firstname
    Example: whois -h smith,sandra
 9.95  Directory of ERNET users in India
    Use WHOIS command whois -h help
    (will give the help screen with examples)
    Enter city name
    Example: whois -h bombay
    (will list all computer names at bombay)
    Enter name@computer
    Example: whois -h joshi@shakti
    (will match all users on shakti matching the pattern "johsi")

10.0 Books

 For a more complete listing, see sections 2.08 and 2.11.
    Internetworking with TCP/IP Principles, Protocols, and
    Architecture by Douglas Comer, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-470154-2.
    The Matrix, Computer Networks and Conferencing Systems Worldwide
    by John S. Quarterman, Digital Press, ISBN 0-13-565607-9.
    !%@:: A Directory of Electronic Mail Addressing and Networks, by
    Donnalyn Frey and Rick Adams, O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., ISBN
    The User's Directory of Computer Networks, Edited by Tracy L.
    LaQuey, Digital Press, ISBN 0-13-950262-9.

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    Zen and the art of the Internet: A Beginner's Guide, Second
    Editon, by Brendan Kehoe, Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-010778-6.

11.0 Free Periodicals/Tabloids/Magazines

 Below are just a few of the periodicals available to qualified
 The first four, PCWeek, MacWeek, Info World, and Network World, are
 the ones I try to glance over routinely.  Others are dedicated to
 specific network, LAN, or UNIX topics that are useful if you need
 that information.
    PC Week
    P.O. Box 1767
    Riverton, NJ 08077-9767
    P.O. Box 1764
    Riverton, NJ 08077-9764
    Info World
    P.O. Box 3013
    Northbrook, IL 60065-3013
    Network World
    161 Worchester Road
    Framingham, MA 01701
    Computer System News
    Circulation Dept.
    P.O. Box 2030
    Manhasset, NY 11030-7030
    Network Management
    Circulation Department
    Box 2417
    Tulsa, OK 74101-2417
    Unix Review
    Circulation Department
    P.O. Box 7439
    San Francisco, CA 94120-7439
    Communication News
    2504 North Tamiami Trail
    Nokomis, FL 34275-9987

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    LAN Times
    P.O. Box 652
    Hightstown, NJ 08520
    Communications Week
    Circulations Dept.
    P.O. Box 2070
    Manhasset, NY 11030
    LAN Computing
    101 Witmer Road
    O.O. Box 322
    Horsham, PA 19044-0322
    Midrange Systems
    P.O. Box 445
    Horsham, PA 19044-0445
    Unix Today!
    Circulation Dept.
    P.O. Box 2170
    Manhasset NY 11030-4376

12.0 Glossary

    I use some terms here that may not be familiar to all.  The
    following is a brief explanation.
 12.1  BITNET:
    A network of mainframes or minicomputers.  BITNET
    connects many universities and colleges.  It provides
    e-mail and file transfer capabilities, but does not have the
    ability to do remote login (Telnet session capability).
 12.2  Internet:
    A very large network that connects just about any types of
    computers.  It supports e-mail, file transfer (FTP), and
    remote login (Telnet).
 12.3  Anonymous FTP:
    The ability to transfer a file from a remote computer connected
    to the Internet without having an account on the remote computer.
    The program that performs the file transfer is normal FTP.  To
    connect to a remote computer offering anonymous FTP, you can use
    the following commands from a computer connected to the Internet.

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    FTP Internet computer name
    When prompted for a userid, type anonymous
    When prompted for a password, type your e-mail address
    To get a listing of files type dir
    To change directory, type cd directory name
    To get a file, type get filename
    To get a binary file, type binary then get filename
    To end session, type quit
    Username:  anonymous
    cd pub/ftp-list
    get ftp.list
 12.4  Telnet:
    The ability to establish a connection to a remote computer
    connected to the Internet network.  Two types of programs are used
    to do this.  One, usually called Telnet, establishes a VT100-type
    terminal emulation to the remote computer.  The second, TN3270,
    establishes a full-screen IBM 3270-type terminal connection.
 12.5  Listserv:
    A program available on many BITNET connected computers that can
    act as a mail forwarding system and as a file repository.  BITNET
    is another network that links many colleges and universities It
    does not normally link to military or government institutions as
    does the Internet.  To subscribe to a listserv, you usually send
    mail to the machine that has the mailing list with the command to
    subscribe.  As an example, to subscribe to a list for discussion
    of topics pertinent to mechanical engineering, send e-mail to
    listserv@utarlvml with a message containing the one-line command
    to subscribe:
    SUB MECH-1 John Doe  (Where John Doe would be your full name)
 12.6 Usenet/Read News
    Newsgroups are like public bulletin boards that you can post and
    read messages from other individuals world wide.  More than 1500
    groups cover topics ranging from arts and recreation to more
    research oriented topics such as physics, philosohy, microbiology
    and many many others.  Normally you gain access through a computer
    that has lots of disk space and is connected directly to the

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    Internet.  You can read many of the newgroups from the Cleveland
    Freenet (section 8.1) or from commercial providors of Intenet
    access; for example, Holonet (section 1.7).


 The information provided in the previous sections has been put
 together from multiple sources acquired from the network.  Much of it
 came from reading newsgroups and trying things out to see how they
 worked.  The information is as accurate as I have been able to
 determine, as of July 17, 1992.
 I used a DEC5500 system running Ultrix to check most of these
 sources.  Most of the information is oriented toward Internet, since
 it has remote login (Telnet) and file transfer (FTP).

Security Considerations

 Security issues are not discussed in this memo.

Author's Address

 Jerry Martin
 Leader, Network Information Center
 Ohio State University
 Academic Computing Services
 1971 Neil Ave.
 Columbus, OH 43210-1210
 Phone: (614) 292-4843
 EMail:  (Internet)
        nic@ohstmail (BITNET)

Martin [Page 39]

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