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TTYSLOT(3) Linux Programmer's Manual TTYSLOT(3)


     ttyslot - find the slot of the current user's terminal in some file


     #include <unistd.h>       /See NOTES */
     int ttyslot(void);
 Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
         Since glibc 2.24:
         From glibc 2.20 to 2.23:
             _DEFAULT_SOURCE ||
             _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_ < 500
         Glibc 2.19 and earlier:
             _BSD_SOURCE ||
             _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_ < 500


     The  legacy  function ttyslot() returns the index of the current user's
     entry in some file.
     Now "What file?" you ask.  Well, let's first look at some history.
 Ancient history
     There used to be a file /etc/ttys in UNIX V6,  that  was  read  by  the
     init(1)  program  to find out what to do with each terminal line.  Each
     line consisted of three characters.  The first character was either '0'
     or  '1',  where  '0'  meant "ignore".  The second character denoted the
     terminal: '8' stood for "/dev/tty8".  The third character was an  argu-
     ment  to  getty(8)  indicating  the sequence of line speeds to try ('-'
     was: start trying 110 baud).  Thus a typical line was "18-".  A hang on
     some  line  was  solved  by  changing the '1' to a '0', signaling init,
     changing back again, and signaling init again.
     In UNIX V7 the format was changed: here the second  character  was  the
     argument to getty(8) indicating the sequence of line speeds to try ('0'
     was: cycle through 300-1200-150-110 baud; '4' was for the on-line  con-
     sole  DECwriter)  while  the rest of the line contained the name of the
     tty.  Thus a typical line was "14console".
     Later systems have more elaborate syntax.  System V-like  systems  have
     /etc/inittab instead.
 Ancient history (2)
     On  the other hand, there is the file /etc/utmp listing the people cur-
     rently logged in.  It is maintained by login(1).  It has a fixed  size,
     and  the appropriate index in the file was determined by login(1) using
     the ttyslot() call to find the number of the line in /etc/ttys  (count-
     ing from 1).
 The semantics of ttyslot
     Thus,  the function ttyslot() returns the index of the controlling ter-
     minal of the calling process in the file /etc/ttys, and that  is  (usu-
     ally)  the  same  as the index of the entry for the current user in the
     file /etc/utmp.  BSD still has the /etc/ttys file,  but  System  V-like
     systems  do  not,  and hence cannot refer to it.  Thus, on such systems
     the documentation says that ttyslot() returns the current user's  index
     in the user accounting data base.


     If  successful, this function returns the slot number.  On error (e.g.,
     if none of the file descriptors 0, 1 or 2 is associated with a terminal
     that  occurs in this data base) it returns 0 on UNIX V6 and V7 and BSD-
     like systems, but -1 on System V-like systems.


     For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
     |Interface | Attribute     | Value     |
     |ttyslot() | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe |


     SUSv1;  marked  as  LEGACY  in  SUSv2;  removed in POSIX.1-2001.  SUSv2
     requires -1 on error.


     The utmp file is found in various places on various  systems,  such  as
     /etc/utmp, /var/adm/utmp, /var/run/utmp.
     The  glibc2  implementation of this function reads the file _PATH_TTYS,
     defined in <ttyent.h> as "/etc/ttys".  It returns 0  on  error.   Since
     Linux systems do not usually have "/etc/ttys", it will always return 0.
     On BSD-like systems and Linux, the declaration of ttyslot() is provided
     by  <unistd.h>.   On System V-like systems, the declaration is provided
     by <stdlib.h>.  Since glibc 2.24, <stdlib.h> also provides the declara-
     tion with the following feature test macro definitions:
         (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
             && ! (_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600)
     Minix also has fttyslot(fd).


     getttyent(3), ttyname(3), utmp(5)


     This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
     description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
     latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at

GNU 2017-09-15 TTYSLOT(3)

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