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man:pwrite

PREAD(2) Linux Programmer's Manual PREAD(2)

NAME

     pread, pwrite - read from or write to a file descriptor at a given off-
     set

SYNOPSIS

     #include <unistd.h>
     ssize_t pread(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);
     ssize_t pwrite(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);
 Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
     pread(), pwrite():
         _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
         || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L

DESCRIPTION

     pread() reads up to count bytes from file descriptor fd at offset  off-
     set  (from the start of the file) into the buffer starting at buf.  The
     file offset is not changed.
     pwrite() writes up to count bytes from the buffer starting  at  buf  to
     the  file  descriptor  fd  at  offset  offset.   The file offset is not
     changed.
     The file referenced by fd must be capable of seeking.

RETURN VALUE

     On success, pread() returns the number of bytes read (a return of  zero
     indicates  end  of file) and pwrite() returns the number of bytes writ-
     ten.
     Note that is not an error for a successful call to transfer fewer bytes
     than requested (see read(2) and write(2)).
     On  error, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the cause of the
     error.

ERRORS

     pread() can fail and set errno to any error specified  for  read(2)  or
     lseek(2).   pwrite()  can fail and set errno to any error specified for
     write(2) or lseek(2).

VERSIONS

     The pread() and pwrite() system calls were added to  Linux  in  version
     2.1.60; the entries in the i386 system call table were added in 2.1.69.
     C library support (including emulation using lseek(2) on older  kernels
     without the system calls) was added in glibc 2.1.

CONFORMING TO

     POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES

     The  pread()  and pwrite() system calls are especially useful in multi-
     threaded applications.  They allow multiple threads to perform  I/O  on
     the  same file descriptor without being affected by changes to the file
     offset by other threads.
 C library/kernel differences
     On Linux, the underlying system  calls  were  renamed  in  kernel  2.6:
     pread()  became  pread64(), and pwrite() became pwrite64().  The system
     call numbers remained the same.  The glibc pread() and pwrite() wrapper
     functions transparently deal with the change.
     On  some  32-bit  architectures, the calling signature for these system
     calls differ, for the reasons described in syscall(2).

BUGS

     POSIX requires that opening a file with the O_APPEND flag  should  have
     no  effect  on the location at which pwrite() writes data.  However, on
     Linux, if a file is opened with O_APPEND, pwrite() appends data to  the
     end of the file, regardless of the value of offset.

SEE ALSO

     lseek(2), read(2), readv(2), write(2)

COLOPHON

     This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
     description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
     latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
     https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux 2017-09-15 PREAD(2)

/data/webs/external/dokuwiki/data/pages/man/pwrite.txt · Last modified: 2019/05/17 09:47 by 127.0.0.1

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