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MQ_NOTIFY(3) Linux Programmer's Manual MQ_NOTIFY(3)


     mq_notify - register for notification when a message is available


     #include <mqueue.h>
     int mq_notify(mqd_t mqdes, const struct sigevent *sevp);
     Link with -lrt.


     mq_notify()  allows  the  calling process to register or unregister for
     delivery of an asynchronous notification when a new message arrives  on
     the  empty  message  queue  referred to by the message queue descriptor
     The sevp argument is a pointer to a sigevent structure.  For the  defi-
     nition and general details of this structure, see sigevent(7).
     If  sevp  is a non-null pointer, then mq_notify() registers the calling
     process to receive message notification.  The sigev_notify field of the
     sigevent  structure  to which sevp points specifies how notification is
     to be performed.  This field has one of the following values:
            A "null" notification: the calling process is registered as  the
            target  for notification, but when a message arrives, no notifi-
            cation is sent.
            Notify  the  process  by  sending  the   signal   specified   in
            sigev_signo.   See sigevent(7) for general details.  The si_code
            field of the siginfo_t structure will be set  to  SI_MESGQ.   In
            addition, si_pid will be set to the PID of the process that sent
            the message, and si_uid will be set to the real user ID  of  the
            sending process.
            Upon  message  delivery,  invoke  sigev_notify_function as if it
            were the start function of a new thread.   See  sigevent(7)  for
     Only  one process can be registered to receive notification from a mes-
     sage queue.
     If sevp is NULL, and the calling process  is  currently  registered  to
     receive  notifications for this message queue, then the registration is
     removed; another process can then register to receive a message notifi-
     cation for this queue.
     Message  notification  occurs  only  when a new message arrives and the
     queue was previously empty.  If the queue was not  empty  at  the  time
     mq_notify()  was  called, then a notification will occur only after the
     queue is emptied and a new message arrives.
     If another process or thread is waiting to read a message from an empty
     queue  using  mq_receive(3), then any message notification registration
     is ignored: the message is delivered to the process or  thread  calling
     mq_receive(3),  and  the  message  notification registration remains in
     Notification occurs once: after a notification is delivered, the  noti-
     fication  registration is removed, and another process can register for
     message notification.  If the notified process wishes  to  receive  the
     next  notification, it can use mq_notify() to request a further notifi-
     cation.  This should be done before emptying all unread  messages  from
     the queue.  (Placing the queue in nonblocking mode is useful for empty-
     ing the queue of messages without blocking once it is empty.)


     On success mq_notify() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, with  errno
     set to indicate the error.


     EBADF  The message queue descriptor specified in mqdes is invalid.
     EBUSY  Another  process  has already registered to receive notification
            for this message queue.
     EINVAL sevp->sigev_notify is  not  one  of  the  permitted  values;  or
            sevp->sigev_notify  is SIGEV_SIGNAL and sevp->sigev_signo is not
            a valid signal number.
     ENOMEM Insufficient memory.
     POSIX.1-2008 says that an implementation may generate an  EINVAL  error
     if  sevp is NULL, and the caller is not currently registered to receive
     notifications for the queue mqdes.


     For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
     |Interface   | Attribute     | Value   |
     |mq_notify() | Thread safety | MT-Safe |




 C library/kernel differences
     In the glibc implementation, the mq_notify() library function is imple-
     mented on top of the system call of the same name.  When sevp is  NULL,
     or  specifies  a  notification  mechanism  other than SIGEV_THREAD, the
     library function directly invokes the system call.   For  SIGEV_THREAD,
     much  of the implementation resides within the library, rather than the
     kernel.  (This is necessarily so, since the thread involved in handling
     the  notification  is  one  that must be managed by the C library POSIX
     threads implementation.)  The implementation involves the use of a  raw
     netlink(7)  socket  and creates a new thread for each notification that
     is delivered to the process.


     The following program registers a notification request for the  message
     queue named in its command-line argument.  Notification is performed by
     creating a thread.  The thread executes a function which reads one mes-
     sage from the queue and then terminates the process.
 Program source
     #include  <pthread.h>  #include  <mqueue.h> #include <stdio.h> #include
     <stdlib.h> #include <unistd.h>
     #define handle_error(msg) \
         do { perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)
     static void                     /* Thread start function */ tfunc(union
     sigval sv) {
         struct mq_attr attr;
         ssize_t nr;
         void *buf;
         mqd_t mqdes = *((mqd_t *) sv.sival_ptr);
         /* Determine max. msg size; allocate buffer to receive msg */
         if (mq_getattr(mqdes, &attr) == -1)
         buf = malloc(attr.mq_msgsize);
         if (buf == NULL)
         nr = mq_receive(mqdes, buf, attr.mq_msgsize, NULL);
         if (nr == -1)
         printf("Read %zd bytes from MQ\n", nr);
         exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);         /* Terminate the process */ }
     int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
         mqd_t mqdes;
         struct sigevent sev;
         if (argc != 2) {
             fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <mq-name>\n", argv[0]);
         mqdes = mq_open(argv[1], O_RDONLY);
         if (mqdes == (mqd_t) -1)
         sev.sigev_notify = SIGEV_THREAD;
         sev.sigev_notify_function = tfunc;
         sev.sigev_notify_attributes = NULL;
         sev.sigev_value.sival_ptr = &mqdes;   /* Arg. to thread func. */
         if (mq_notify(mqdes, &sev) == -1)
         pause();    /* Process will be terminated by thread function */ }


     mq_close(3),   mq_getattr(3),  mq_open(3),  mq_receive(3),  mq_send(3),
     mq_unlink(3), mq_overview(7), sigevent(7)


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Linux 2017-09-15 MQ_NOTIFY(3)

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