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man:mkostemps

MKSTEMP(3) Linux Programmer's Manual MKSTEMP(3)

NAME

     mkstemp, mkostemp, mkstemps, mkostemps - create a unique temporary file

SYNOPSIS

     #include <stdlib.h>
     int mkstemp(char *template);
     int mkostemp(char *template, int flags);
     int mkstemps(char *template, int suffixlen);
     int mkostemps(char *template, int suffixlen, int flags);
 Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
     mkstemp():
         _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
             || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
             || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE
     mkostemp(): _GNU_SOURCE
     mkstemps():
         /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
             || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE
     mkostemps(): _GNU_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

     The mkstemp() function generates a unique temporary filename from  tem-
     plate,  creates and opens the file, and returns an open file descriptor
     for the file.
     The last six characters of template must  be  "XXXXXX"  and  these  are
     replaced  with  a string that makes the filename unique.  Since it will
     be modified, template must not be a  string  constant,  but  should  be
     declared as a character array.
     The file is created with permissions 0600, that is, read plus write for
     owner only.  The returned file descriptor provides both read and  write
     access  to  the file.  The file is opened with the open(2) O_EXCL flag,
     guaranteeing that the caller is the process that creates the file.
     The mkostemp() function is like mkstemp(), with the difference that the
     following  bits--with the same meaning as for open(2)--may be specified
     in flags: O_APPEND, O_CLOEXEC, and O_SYNC.  Note that when creating the
     file, mkostemp() includes the values O_RDWR, O_CREAT, and O_EXCL in the
     flags argument given to open(2); including these values  in  the  flags
     argument  given  to  mkostemp()  is unnecessary, and produces errors on
     some systems.
     The mkstemps() function is like mkstemp(), except that  the  string  in
     template  contains a suffix of suffixlen characters.  Thus, template is
     of the form prefixXXXXXXsuffix, and the string XXXXXX  is  modified  as
     for mkstemp().
     The   mkostemps()  function  is  to  mkstemps()  as  mkostemp()  is  to
     mkstemp().

RETURN VALUE

     On success, these functions return the file descriptor of the temporary
     file.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

ERRORS

     EEXIST Could  not create a unique temporary filename.  Now the contents
            of template are undefined.
     EINVAL For mkstemp() and mkostemp(): The last six  characters  of  tem-
            plate were not XXXXXX; now template is unchanged.
            For  mkstemps() and mkostemps(): template is less than (6 + suf-
            fixlen) characters long, or the last  6  characters  before  the
            suffix in template were not XXXXXX.
     These  functions  may  also  fail  with any of the errors described for
     open(2).

VERSIONS

     mkostemp() is available since glibc 2.7.   mkstemps()  and  mkostemps()
     are available since glibc 2.11.

ATTRIBUTES

     For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see
     attributes(7).
     allbox; lbw23 lb lb l l  l.   Interface Attribute Value  T{  mkstemp(),
     mkostemp(),
     mkstemps(), mkostemps() T}   Thread safety  MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

     mkstemp(): 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.
     mkstemps(): unstandardized, but appears on several other systems.
     mkostemp() and mkostemps(): are glibc extensions.

NOTES

     In  glibc  versions  2.06 and earlier, the file is created with permis-
     sions 0666, that is, read and write for all users.  This  old  behavior
     may  be  a security risk, especially since other UNIX flavors use 0600,
     and  somebody  might  overlook  this  detail  when  porting   programs.
     POSIX.1-2008  adds  a  requirement  that  the file be created with mode
     0600.
     More generally, the POSIX specification of mkstemp() does not say  any-
     thing  about  file  modes, so the application should make sure its file
     mode creation mask (see umask(2)) is set appropriately  before  calling
     mkstemp() (and mkostemp()).

SEE ALSO

     mkdtemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3), tmpnam(3)

COLOPHON

     This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
     description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
     latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
     https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU 2017-09-15 MKSTEMP(3)

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