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man:getprotobyname

GETPROTOENT(3) Linux Programmer's Manual GETPROTOENT(3)

NAME

     getprotoent, getprotobyname, getprotobynumber, setprotoent, endprotoent
     - get protocol entry

SYNOPSIS

     #include <netdb.h>
     struct protoent *getprotoent(void);
     struct protoent *getprotobyname(const char *name);
     struct protoent *getprotobynumber(int proto);
     void setprotoent(int stayopen);
     void endprotoent(void);

DESCRIPTION

     The getprotoent() function reads the  next  entry  from  the  protocols
     database (see protocols(5)) and returns a protoent structure containing
     the broken-out fields from the entry.  A connection is  opened  to  the
     database if necessary.
     The  getprotobyname()  function  returns  a  protoent structure for the
     entry from the database that matches the protocol name name.  A connec-
     tion is opened to the database if necessary.
     The  getprotobynumber()  function  returns a protoent structure for the
     entry from the database that matches the  protocol  number  number.   A
     connection is opened to the database if necessary.
     The setprotoent() function opens a connection to the database, and sets
     the next entry to the first entry.  If stayopen is  nonzero,  then  the
     connection  to  the database will not be closed between calls to one of
     the getproto*() functions.
     The endprotoent() function closes the connection to the database.
     The protoent structure is defined in <netdb.h> as follows:
         struct protoent {
             char  *p_name;       /* official protocol name */
             char **p_aliases;    /* alias list */
             int    p_proto;      /* protocol number */ }
     The members of the protoent structure are:
     p_name The official name of the protocol.
     p_aliases
            A NULL-terminated list of alternative names for the protocol.
     p_proto
            The protocol number.

RETURN VALUE

     The getprotoent(), getprotobyname()  and  getprotobynumber()  functions
     return  a  pointer  to  a statically allocated protoent structure, or a
     null pointer if an error occurs or the end of the file is reached.

FILES

     /etc/protocols
            protocol database file

ATTRIBUTES

     For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
     attributes(7).
     allbox;  lbw18  lb  lbw28  l l l.  Interface Attribute Value T{ getpro-
     toent() T}   Thread safety  T{ MT-Unsafe race:protoent
     race:protoentbuf locale T} T{ getprotobyname()  T}   Thread  safety  T{
     MT-Unsafe race:protobyname
     locale   T}  T{  getprotobynumber()  T}   Thread  safety  T{  MT-Unsafe
     race:protobynumber
     locale T} T{ setprotoent(),
     endprotoent() T}   Thread safety  T{ MT-Unsafe race:protoent
     locale T}
     In the above table, protoent in race:protoent signifies that if any  of
     the  functions  setprotoent(), getprotoent(), or endprotoent() are used
     in parallel in different threads of a program, then  data  races  could
     occur.

CONFORMING TO

     POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, 4.3BSD.

SEE ALSO

     getnetent(3), getprotoent_r(3), getservent(3), protocols(5)

COLOPHON

     This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
     description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
     latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
     https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU 2017-09-15 GETPROTOENT(3)

/data/webs/external/dokuwiki/data/pages/man/getprotobyname.txt · Last modified: 2019/05/17 09:47 by 127.0.0.1

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