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man:duplocale

DUPLOCALE(3) Linux Programmer's Manual DUPLOCALE(3)

NAME

     duplocale - duplicate a locale object

SYNOPSIS

     #include <locale.h>
     locale_t duplocale(locale_t locobj);
 Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
     duplocale():
         Since glibc 2.10:
                _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 700
         Before glibc 2.10:
                _GNU_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

     The  duplocale()  function  creates  a  duplicate  of the locale object
     referred to by locobj.
     If locobj is LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE, duplocale() creates a locale object con-
     taining a copy of the global locale determined by setlocale(3).

RETURN VALUE

     On success, duplocale() returns a handle for the new locale object.  On
     error, it returns (locale_t) 0, and sets errno to indicate the cause of
     the error.

ERRORS

     ENOMEM Insufficient memory to create the duplicate locale object.

VERSIONS

     The  duplocale()  function  first  appeared in version 2.3 of the GNU C
     library.

CONFORMING TO

     POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES

     Duplicating a locale can serve the following purposes:
  • To create a copy of a locale object in which one of more categories

are to be modified (using newlocale(3)).

  • To obtain a handle for the current locale which can used in other

functions that employ a locale handle, such as toupper_l(3). This

        is done by applying duplocale() to the value returned by the follow-
        ing call:
            loc = uselocale((locale_t) 0);
        This technique is necessary, because the above uselocale(3) call may
        return the value LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE, which results in undefined behav-
        ior if passed to functions such  as  toupper_l(3).   Calling  duplo-
        cale() can be used to ensure that the LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE value is con-
        verted into a usable locale object.  See EXAMPLE, below.
     Each locale object created by duplocale() should be  deallocated  using
     freelocale(3).

EXAMPLE

     The  program below uses uselocale(3) and duplocale() to obtain a handle
     for the current locale which is then passed to toupper_l(3).  The  pro-
     gram  takes  one  command-line argument, a string of characters that is
     converted to uppercase and displayed on standard output.  An example of
     its use is the following:
         $ ./a.out abc ABC
 Program source
       #define  _XOPEN_SOURCE  700  #include  <ctype.h>  #include  <stdio.h>
     #include <stdlib.h> #include <locale.h>
     #define errExit(msg)    do { perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
                             } while (0)
     int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
         locale_t loc, nloc;
         char *p;
         if (argc != 2) {
             fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s string\n", argv[0]);
             exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
         }
         /* This sequence is necessary, because uselocale() might return
            the value LC_GLOBAL_LOCALE, which can't be passed as an
            argument to toupper_l() */
         loc = uselocale((locale_t) 0);
         if (loc == (locale_t) 0)
             errExit("uselocale");
         nloc = duplocale(loc);
         if (nloc == (locale_t) 0)
             errExit("duplocale");
         for (p = argv[1]; *p; p++)
             putchar(toupper_l(*p, nloc));
         printf("\n");
         freelocale(nloc);
         exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }

SEE ALSO

     freelocale(3),  newlocale(3),  setlocale(3),  uselocale(3),  locale(5),
     locale(7)

COLOPHON

     This  page  is  part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
     description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
     latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
     https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux 2017-09-15 DUPLOCALE(3)

/data/webs/external/dokuwiki/data/pages/man/duplocale.txt · Last modified: 2019/05/17 09:47 by 127.0.0.1

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