From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Cindy Tittle Moore) Newsgroups: rec.arts.books,news.answers Subject: Arthurian Booklist (rec.arts.books) Supersedes: email@example.com Date: 19 Nov 1992 06:00:28 GMT Organization: University of California at Irvine: ICS Dept. Lines: 1028 Message-ID: firstname.lastname@example.org
Archive-name: books/arthurian Version: 1.10 Last-modified: 15 October 1992 Periodicity: 25 days
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Changes are indicated with |'s. New category: "Magazines and Articles" and "Organizations" added.
This is a reading list involving the Arthurian legend. For its original inception, I would like to thank the readers of the Camelot mailing list (address is listed in Organizations). I wrote a good many of the original reviews when I was a member, but since then a number of people have submitted additional references for inclusion into this list.
My criterion for these books is that it be concerned with the Arthur legend in some way. I have several categories:
- Fiction: novelizations of the Camelot legend, or novels that use
elements of the legend.
- Poetry: poetic renditions of the legend.
- Non-Fiction and research: includes research into the origin of the
legends, speculation on who the original characters might have
been, studies and critiques of medieval sources, literary criticism, etc. * Medieval and Early Texts: original or modern translations of texts written before 16th century or so (an arbitrary divison point I used). * Magazines and Articles: references that appear in magazines and articles. These are typically research notes. * Arthurian references: novelizations that use the legend in a minor way or as secondary characters. * Celtic Fiction: reworkings (novelizations) of traditional Celtic stories. I suppose I could have a category for research into celtic fiction, but the ones I consider relevant are in the non-fiction and research section above. * Organizations: finally, I provide a list of organizations dealing with the Camelot legend. This is not meant to be exhaustive.
In general, related stories are acceptable (such as Tristam and Iseult). Out-of-time stories are acceptable as long as they still center on the Arthur myth (Kennealy's _Hawk's Gray Feather_) or are talking about his return (_Sir Machinery_ and others). References to Arthurian elements are also acceptable, but I do not put all of them in (a complete listing would be very large!); only the ones that seem interesting. The Celtic works are included, because many of them apparently provide an early genesis for the Arthurian stories, and others are stories derived from minor characters in the Arthurian stories (or perhaps the other way around, characters from well known stories got honorable mention in these later stories — who can tell?).
Disclaimer: I have not vouched for the accuracy of each and every entry in this list. If you find mistakes or have additional information on a reference, by all means, let me know. I likewise appreciate any additions to this list. Send them to the addresses at the end of this posting.
Thanks to: Kurt Anderson, Shannon Appel (of the Camelot mailing list), Richard Barber, Ben Cohen, Dan'l Danehy-Oakes, Peter Davis, James Drew, Gary D. Duzan, A.T. Fear, Scott Federhen, Margaret Martin Gardiner, Roger Gardiner, Susan Gere, Steve Hartwell, Sandra Hereld, Peter Janes, Jane Lean, David Lester, David Librik, Dave Linton, William D.B. Loos, Melchar, Kevin McGuire, Alex Martelli, Francis Muir, Kimberly Passarella, Craig Presson, Stephen Reimer, William Smith, Steve Thomas, Scott Vandenbe, Janet Walz, Tom Wicklund, Darren Williams, Jean Wilson, Mary Winters, Erick "a six foot hobbit," and MJ aka "classic bitch" for their help in putting this list together.
Table of Contents: 1. Fiction 2. Poetry 3. Non-Fiction and research 4. Medieval and Early Texts 5. Magazines and Articles 6. Arthurian references 7. Celtic Fiction 8. Organizations.
_The Romance of King Arthur_ (Mayflower, 1979. Reprint of 1917 Edition. ISBN 08317-7460-6.)
Ashley, Mike, _The Pendragon Chronicles_ (Peter Bedrick Books, New York, 1991. ISBN 0-87226-228-6. paperback.) Anthology includes stories by Andre Norton, John Steinback and Jane Yolen.
Berger, Thomas, _Arthur Rex_. Berger is the author of _Little Big Man_, _Neighbors_, and a number of other books. This retelling of the Arthur legend is somewhat reminiscent of the movie "Excalibur" in feel.
Bradley, Marion Zimmer, _The Mists of Avalon_ (Del Rey. Ballantine Books, New York, 1982. ISBN 0-345-35049-9. Hardcover and trade paperback.) A female oriented and positive rendition of the Arthurian legend. Considerably more sympathetic to pagan religions (although depicted as modern neopaganism) than to Christianity.
Bradshaw, Gillian, _Hawk of May, _Kingdom of Summer, _In Winter's Shadow_ (Menthuen Paperbacks, Great Britain also Signet Books, 1980 also hardcover by Simon and Schuster.) The story of Gwalchmai, one of Arthur's Knights. He is god-touched with fighting madness and is one of the brothers of Medraut (Mordred). _Down the Long Wind_ is the single book volume version of the three books.
Bulfinch, Thomas, _Age of Chivalry: or, King Arthur and His Knights_ (John D. Morris, Philadelphia, 1898, many reprints). Published in their own right, also found in _Bulfinch's Contains long summaries of the Camelot legends and of the French Charlemagne legends.
Canning, Victor. _The Crimson Chalice_. Originally published as _La Leggenda del Calice Cremisi_. Translated by Patrizia Rognoni, Codice Libro 22 006 CN, Casa Editrice Nord S.r.l., via Rubens 25, 20148 Milano, Italia; Copyright by Victor Canning 1976, 1977, 1978, and for the Italian edition by the publisher in 1990 (first edition, of the Italian translation, June 1990). An "Arthur as Celtic Chieftain" book, with nice twists.
Carmichael, Douglas, _Pendragon: an Historical Novel_ (Blackwater Press, New York, dist. by Exposition Press, 1977). Arthurian romances – adaptions.
Chapman, Vera, _The King's Damosel_, _The Green Knight_, and _King Arther's Daughter_. Out of print.
Christian, Catherine, _The Pendragon_ (Warner Books, 1978.) A story told by Bedivere (the original lover of Guinevere before Lancelot was added to the legend by the French in the 14th century or so).
David, Peter, _Knight Life_ (Ace Fantasy, 1987.) A comedic book about Arthur's return in modern day.
Gemmell, David. _Ghost King_ and _Last Sword of Power_. A fictional account of the life and times of Arthur, bearing little resemblance to the usual myths.
Gross, Gwen, _Knights of the Round Table_ (Illustrated by Norman Green, Random House, New York, 1985).
Finkel, George, _The Twilight Province_ (London: Angus & Robinson, 1967.) This is an excellent "young adult" tale about a late Roman, northern Arthur based on the Bamburgh Castle, Newcastle/Tyne area of northeastern Britain.
Fraser, Antonia, _King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table_ (Illustrated by Rebecca Fraser, Knopf, Random House, New York, 1970). First published under title: _King Arthur_. Retellings of seventeen tales about King Arthur, Lancelot, Gawaine, Tristram, and other knights of the Round Table. Juvenile.
French, Allen, _Sir Marrok, a tale of the days of King Arthur_ (The Century Co., New York, 1902).
Frith, Henry, _King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table_ (G. Routledge and Sons, London/New York, 1884).
Frost, William Henry, _The Court of King Arthur; Stories from the land of the Round Table_ (Illustrated by Sydney Richmond Burleigh, C. Scribners Sons, New York, 1903).
Gloag, John, _Artorius Rex_ (New York: St. Martin's, 1977.) This is the final volume in a late Roman trilogy with two "pre-Arthurian" novels titled _The Caesar of the Narrow Seas_ and _The Eagles Depart_. _Artorius Rex_ is another Romano-Celtic tale which attempts a historical reconstruction.
Godwin, Parke, _The Last Rainbow_, _Fire Lord_, _Beloved Exile_ (Bantam Books). His characters are terrific, the sense of time and place eye opening. Arthur in the beginning is a native officer in the Roman legions guarding the northern borders.
Godwin, Parke, _Invitation to Camelot_ (Ace, 1988.) An anthology including stories by Tanith Lee, Morgan Llywelyn, Elizabeth Scarborough and Jane Yolen.
Haar (Hoar?), J. T. _King Arthur_ (New York: Crane Russak, c.1967, 1975.)
Hanratty, Peter, _The Book of Mordred_ and _The Last Knight of Albion_ (Ace Fantasy and Bluejay Books. ISBNs 0-441-07018-3 and 0-312-94271-8. Paperback and trade paperback.) A retelling of the Arthurian legend in a bizarre mix of modern and ancient times.
Hanson, Charles Henry, _Stories of the Days of King Arthur_ (With illustrations by Gustave Dore, T. Nelson, London/Edinbugh/New York, 1898).
Hastings, Selina, _Sir Gawain and the Loathly Lady_ (Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books, New York, 1985).
Humble, William F. _A Tale of Arthur_ (Anthony Blond, London, 1967).
Jones, Courtway, _In the Shadow of the Oak King_. It apparently tries to tell the story in a historically 'realistic' setting (i.e., without grafting the high middle ages onto sixth century Britain).
Jones, Mary J., _Avalon_ (The Naiad Press, ISBN: 0-941483-96-7, 1991). This is set in the closing days of King Arthur's reign and mostly concerns the Lady of the Lake at that time (Argante, whom I don't believe appears in any legend; her predecessor is Nimue), with some recounting of her childhood. Definitely a feminist reading, and not as well done as _Mist of Avalon_, for example. It is also curiously incomplete. More books may be planned.
Katz, Welwyn Wilton, _The Third Magic_ (Groundwood Books/Douglas & McIntyre, ISBN (bound): 0-88899-068-5 (pbk): 0-88899-126-6, 1988). A "young adult" book, this one has one of the more imaginative retellings of the Arthurian legend.
Kennealy, Patricia, _The Hawk's Gray Feather_ (ROC (division of Penguin Books), ISBN 0-451-45053-1, 1990). First in _The Tales of Arthur_, a series in which the later books have not yet been published. Builds upon the world of _The Silver Branch_, _The Copper Crown_ and _The Throne of Scone_ in which the Sidhe were aliens. This book is set much earlier. A good fantasy/SF blend.
Lanier, Sidney, ed., _King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table_, (Grosset & Dunlap, 1950. ISBN 0-448-06016-7.) A reasonable children's version. The Scribner, New York edition is illustrated by N.C. Wyeth. Original copyright in 1924.
Lang, Andrew, _Tales of the Round Table_ (London, New York : Longmans, Green, 1923). Based on the tales in the _Book of Romance_ edited by Andrew Lang.
Latymer, Baron Francis Burdett Thomas Coutts-Nevill, _The Romance of King Arthur_, (London, John Lane; New York, John Lange Co. 1907).
Lawhead, Stephen, _Taliesin_, _Merlin_, _Arthur_ (Avon Books, plus British and Australian printings. 1988). _Pendragon_ is supposed to complete this series, but I haven't seen it in print yet. Lawhead is an excellent writer and these stories make a very good read.
McDermott, Gerald, _The Knight of the Lion_ (New York : Four Winds Press, c1979). Juvenile: a retelling of the adventures of Sir Yvain and his faithful lion, as the young knight goes through several trials to prove himsself worthy of a great triumph.
McGowen, Tom, _Sir Machinery_ (Folet Publishing Company, Chicago, 1970. ISBN 0-695-40167-X hardback, 0-695-80167-8 trade paperback.) An amusing children's tale set in modern days. Based upon the notion that King Arthur will come back to save Britain again.
Marshall, Edison, _The Pagan King_ (Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1959).
Matthews, John, ed., _An Arthurian Reader: Selections from Arthurian Legend, Scholarship, and Story_ (Aquarian Press, Sterling Publishing Company, New York, 1988).
Monaco, Richard, _Parsival or a Knight's Tale_, _The Grail War_, and _The Final Quest_ (Berkley Books, New York, 1983. ISBN 0-425-05143-9. Paperback).
Munn, H. Warner, _Merlin's Godson_ (1st Ballantine Books ed. New York: Ballantine Books, c1976). Originally published as 2 separate works: _King of the World's Edge_ and _The Ship from Atlantis_.
Munn, H. Warner, _Merlin's Ring_, (New York, Ballantine Books ). Sequel or related to _Merlin's Godson_.
Newell, William Wells, _King Arthur and the table round : tales chiefly after the Old French of Crestien of Troyes : with an account of Arthurian romance, and notes_ (1897).
Newman, Sharon, _Guinevere, The Chessboard Queen_, _?_, _Guinevere Evermore_ (New York: St. Martin's, 1981).
Norton, Andre, _Merlin's Mirror_ (Daw Books, 1975.) Merlin is a half- breed: human and space alien, and the war between light and darkness is recast into a war between two space going races. The premise is bizarre, but Norton makes it work well.
Philip, Neil. _The tale of Sir Gawain_ (illustrated by Charles Keeping. New York : Philomel Books, 1987).
Powers, Tim, _The Drawing of the Dark_. Ambrosius and the Fisher-King.
Price, Robert, _The Last Pendragon_ (Walker and Co. NY 1991) Telling of Bedwyr, last of the Knights after the Fall, and Irion, son of Mordred, and the Saxon threat to what's left of old Britain. Arthur himself appears only in the prolog. "Tactics" oriented.
Pyle, Howard, _The story of King Arthur and his knights_ (New York : C. Scribner's Sons, 1904, c1903).
Seare, Nicholas, _Rude Tales and Glorious_ (Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., New York. Hardback). Classic rendition. Title says it all. This is a retelling of the Arthurian tales. Merlin is a two bit con artist/pimp, Gwen is a whore that enjoys giving out free samples, Arthur is Merlin's assistant. It is a riot.
Service, Pamela F., _Winter of Magic's Return_, _Tomorrow's Magic_ (Atheneum, New York, 1987). Five hundred years after the Devastation destroys modern civilization, the young Merlin and two friends succeed in bringing back King Arthur to Britain in the grip of a nuclear winter and together they struggle to build a new and better society despite the evil plotting of Morgan Le Fay. Juvenile fiction.
Stone, Eugenia, _Page boy for King Arthur_, (illustrated by Rafaello Busoni. Chicago : Follett Publishing Co., c1949).
Stone, Eugenia, _Squire for King Arthur_, (illustrated by Rafaello Busoni. Chicago : Follett Pub. Co., 1955).
Stafford, Greg, and others. _King Arthur Pendragon_. (Chaosium Inc., 950-A 56th Street, Oakland, CA 94608. ISBN: 0-933635-59-1.) Other books in the same series: _The Boy King_, by Greg Stafford, ISBN 0-933635-78-8; _The King Arthur Companion_, by Phyllis Ann Karr, ISBN 0-993635-17-6; _Knights Adventurous_, by Greg Stafford, ISBN 0-933635-70-2. This is part of an excellent role playing game, but the books are worth reading by themselves as well. There are several books the game is made of, purchaseable separately. Most of it is a very detailed glossary of people in the various versions of the saga (with primacy to Mallory's), but almost half of it is spent on similar glossaries of notable places, of special "things", and many other fascinating tidbits, such as an attempt at a self-consistent chronology of Arthur's reign, and so on.
Steinbeck, John, _The Acts of King Arthur and his Noble Knights_ (Del Rey. Paperback.) Rendition of Le Morte D'Arthur into modern day English. Not complete.
Stewart, Mary, _The Crystal Cave_, _The Hollow Hills_, _The Last Enchantment_, and _The Wicked Day_ (Fawcett Crest.) A modern retelling of the legend. The first three are narrated by Merlin, and the last in third person.
Stone, Brian, translater. _Sir Gawain and the Green Knight_. (Penguin Books, many reprints. c1959. ISBN 0-14-044092-5.) Beautiful translation.
Sutcliff, Rosemary, _Sword at Sunset_ (Coward-McCann, Inc, New York, 1963. Hardcover and paperback available.) A telling of Arthur as he might actually have been, a local Celtic warlord.
Sutcliff, Rosemary, _The Light Beyond the Forest_ (1979) and _The Sword in the Circle_ (1981) (London: Bodley Head.) You can see from the dates that these are somewhat later than her adult novel _Sword at Sunset_. They are technically "young adult" titles.
Sutcliff, Rosemary, _The road to Camlann_ (1st ed. New York : Dutton, 1982). The evil Mordred, plotting against his father King Arthur, implicates the Queen and Sir Lancelot in treachery and brings about the downfall of Camelot and the Round Table. "Young adult."
Talbott, Hudson, _King Arthur : The Sword in the Stone_ (New York : Books of Wonder, 1991).
Tolstoy, Nikolai, _The Coming of the King: A Novel of Merlin_ (Bantam Books, 1989. Trade paperback.) Very closely based on the Welsh mabinogion – poetry rendered into prose. Makes no attempt at "realism": the grotesquely fantastic has its day here. Lyrical writing, worth reading. Long.
Treece, Henry, _The Great Captains_ (New York: Random House, 1956.) This is another sort of Celtic late Roman novel with characters such as Artos the Bear/Artorius, dux bellorum, Bedwyr, Cie, Medrawt, and Drostan. An excellent story, but not one for the squeamish.
Troughton, Joanna, _Sir Gawain and the loathly damsel_ (retold and illustrated by Joanna Troughton. 1st ed. New York : Dutton, 1972). Adapted from an anonymous fifteenth-century poem, The Weddynge of Sir Gawen and Dame Ragnell: in order to obtain the answer to a riddle that will save King Arthur's life, Sir Gawain must marry the ugliest maiden in the world. Juvenile.
Turton, Godfrey, _The Emperor Arthur_, (Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1967). This is another late Roman historical reconstruction. Highly recommended.
Twain, Mark, _A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court_ (many editions).
White, Terence Hanbury, _The Once and Future King_ and _The Book of Merlin_ (Berkley Books, ISBNs: 0-425-06310-0 & 0-425-07282-7, respectively. Original copyrights in 1939 and 1940). A retelling of the legend from the earliest stories. More comedic than some of the other versions. Be warned, _The Book of Merlin_ rehashes many themes and stories from TOFK. It's good, but if you experience deja-vu while reading it, well, that's why. _The Witch in the Wood_ [???]
Wolf, Joan, _The Road to Avalon_ (Onyx Novels, a subdivision of Penguin Books.) A romantic retelling, casting familiar characters into startlingly different relationships.
Woolley, Persia, _Child of the Northern Spring_, _Queen of the Summer Stars_, _Guinevere: The Legend in Autumn_ (Poseidon Press, New York, London, Toronto, etc.) The story of the life of Guinivere, from her point of view.
Yolen, Jane, _The Dragon's Boy_ (Harper and Row, New York, 1990). Children's fiction. Young Arthur meets a dragon and comes to accept him as a friend and mentor.
Yolen, Jane, _Merlin's Booke: Thirteen Stories and Poems about the Arch-Mage_ (Berkley Publishing Group, Ace Fantasy, New York, 1986).
_Lancelot of the Laik_. A Scottish metrical romance, about 1490-1500 A.D. Re-edited from a manuscript in the Cambridge University Library, with an introd., notes, and glossarial index, by W. W. Skeat. London, New York, Published for the Early English Text Society by the Oxford University Press .
Carley, James P., introduction. _Mathew Arnold and William Morris_ (_Arthurian Poets_ series, Woodbridge, Suffolk, and Rochester, NY: Boydell Press 1990, ISBN: 0-85115-544-8). Arnold's "Tristram and Iseult" is the first modern English retelling of the Tristram legend, a melancholy interpretation of the theme; Morris' different approach apparent in the rich sensuality of his "The Defence of Guenevere."
Carley, James P., ed., introduction. _A.C. Swinburne_ (_Arthurian Poets_ series, ISBN: 0-85115-546-4). Some of Swinburne's most important poetry recreates the Arthurian legends from a modern perspective. Includes _Tristram of Lyonesse_.
Carley, James P., ed., introduction. _E.A. Robinson_ (_Arthurian Poets_ series, ISBN: 0-85115-545-6). Robinson's Arthurian poems, published between 1917 and 1927 won him a Pulitzer Prize.
Dodds, David, ed., introduction. _Charles William_ (_Arthurian Poets_ series, ISBN: 0-88115-291-0). Contains _Taliessin through Logres_ and _The Region of the Summer Stars_, as well as twenty-four of William's earlier poems on Arthurian themes from his collection _The Advent of Galahad_ (many never published before), and fragments designed to form a sequel to _Region_ which also appear for the first time.
Hole, Richard, _Arthur; or, The northern enchantment_ (GGJ and J Robinson, London, 1798). A poetical romance, in seven books.
Lupack, Alan, ed., _Arthur, the Greatest King: an Anthology of Modern Arthurian Poems_ (forword by Raymond H. Thompson, Garland, New York, 1988).
Lytton, Baron Edward Bulwer, _King Arthur_ (London, Henry Colburn, 1849).
Maynadier, Howard, _The Arthur of the English Poets_ (Boston, New York, Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1907).
Robinson, Edwin Arlington, "Merlin"(1917), "Lancelot"(1920) and "Tristram"(1927). Verse retelling of the Arthur legend. The last one won the 1928 Pulitzer Prize for poetry.
Tennyson, Lord Alfred, _Idylls of the King_ (Signet, 1961.)
About the _Arthurian Poets_ series: A volume on John Masefield is in preparation. All the volumes contain the complete Arthurian poetry of each author; for example, the Charles Williams volume has much previously unpublished poetry.
3. Non-Fiction and research
"Bulletin of Bibliography" (July-Sept. 1981, 38(3):128-138,149). Contains an Arthurian bibliography.
Modern language association of America, _A bibliography of critical Arthurian literature_ (New York City).
Modern Language Association of America. Arthurian Group. _A bibliography of Arthurian critical literature_ (v.1-2; 1922/29-1930/35, New York).
_The Fall of Camelot_ (by the editors of Time-Life Books, Time-Life Books, Alexandria, VA [USA], 1986).
Alcock, Leslie, _Arthur's Britain_ (Penguin Press, 1971). Documentary evidence of King Arthur's historical existence. Alcock has also published much work concerning archaelogical excavations of Glastonbury (speculated site of Camelot).
Andronik, Catherine M., _Quest for a King: Searching for the Real King Arthur_ (Atheneum, New York, 1989). Surveys the legends surrounding King Arthur and examines the historical evidence behind them.
Ashe, Geoffrey, _King Arthur's Avalon: The Story of Glastonbury_ (Dutton, New York, 1958, reprinted). Glastonbury is the legendary Avalon, site of Arthur's grave and source of much fanciful speculation and scholarly interest. The author reveals Glastonbury's distinctive character in the dark ages as the meeting place of Saxon and Celt; the glory of its Abbey as the center of English and medieval civilization; and the significance of its legends in the mystical theory of the Holy Grail – a primary factor in the development of European religious thought.
Ashe, Geoffrey, _From Caesar to Arthur_ (London: Collins, 1960).
Ashe, Geoffrey, et al, _Quest for Arthur's Britain_ (Granada, London; Praeger, New York, 1968; reprinted with new introduction in 1987).
Ashe, Geoffrey, _King Arthur in Fact and Fiction_ (NY: Nelson, c.1969, 1971.)
Ashe, Geoffrey, _Camelot and the Vision of Albion_ (London: Heinemann; NY: St. Martin's, 1971.)
Ashe, Geoffrey, _King Arthur in Fact and Legend_ (first US edition, Camden, New Jersey/T. Nelson, 1971).
Ashe, Geoffrey, "A certain very ancient book" _Speculum_ April, 1981, pp.301-323.
Ashe, Geoffrey, _Kings and Queens of Early Britain_ (London: Methuen, 1982.)
Ashe, Geoffrey, _Avalonian Quest_ (London: Methuen, 1982; London: Collins/Fontana, 1984.)
Ashe, Geoffrey, _Guidebook to Arthurian Britain_ (London: Longman's, 1980; London: Aquarian Press, 1983.)
Ashe, Geoffrey, _The Discovery of King Arthur_ (Guild, London, 1985. ISBN N/A.) Provides convincing accounts of the historical roots of the legends and of who the original Arthur actually was.
Ashe, Geoffrey, _The Landscape of King Arthur_ (Webb & Bower, Exeter; M. Joseph, London, 1987).
Ashe, Geoffrey, _King Arthur: The Dream of a Golden Age_ (Thames and Hudson, London, 1990).
Ashton, Graham, _The Realm of King Arthur_ (Dixon, Newport, Isle of Wight, 1974).
Barber, Richard. _The Arthurian Legends: An Illustrated Anthology_. Here for the first time is a single volume featuring the power and range of Arthurian literature from the beginnings to the present day. Illustrated.
Barber, Richard, _Arthur of Albion: an introduction to the Arthurian Literature and Legends of England_ (London: Boydell Press, 1961.)
Barber, Richard, _The Figure of Arthur_ (London: Longman's, 1972.) This title surveys the Arthurian controversy, works over the early sources, and ends up with Arthur as a modern British national hero.
Barber, Richard, _King Arthur; In Legend and History_ (Boydell Press, Ipswich, 1973).
Barber, Richard, _King Arthur: Hero and Legend_ (Woodbridge, Suffolk, and Rochester, NY: Boydell Press 1988, ISBN 0-85115-254-6). Current version of _Arthur of Albion_.
Barber, Richard, ed., _Arthurian Literature_, vols. I-X. Diverse papers and studies.
Brengle, Richard L., ed., _Arthur, King of Britain: History, Romance, Chronicle & Criticism_, (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1964). With texts in modern English, from Gildas to Malory.
Bromwich, Rachel, ed., _The Arthur of the Welsh: the Arthurian Legend in Medieval Welsh Literature_ (University of Wales Press, 1991).
Chambers, Edmund Kerchever, _Arthur of Britain_ (Barnes and Nobel, New York, 1964, original copyright 1927).
Clancy, Joseph P., _Pendragon: Arthur and his Britain_ (NY: Praeger, 1971). Examines historical evidence for the existence of King Arthur and traces the growth of the Arthurian legend from the tenth century to modern times.
Coghlan, Ronan, _The Encyclopaedia of Arthurian Legends_ (Rockport, MA: Element, 1991. ISBN 1-85230-199-6.)
Darrah, John, _The Real Camelot: Paganism and the Arthurian Romances_ (Thames and Hudson, New York, 1981).
Davies, John Glyn, _The Apotheosis of Arthur_ (Llanfairfechan, N. Wales, 1962). Reprint of a lecture delivered at the University of Uppsala in 1926.
Dickinson, William Howship, _King Arthur in Cornwall_ (Longmans, Green & Co., London/New York, 1900).
Dunning, R. W. _Arthur the King in the West_ (NY: St. Martins's, 1988). This is an argument for a "Cornish" King Arthur.
Entwistle, William James, _The Arthurian Legend in the Literatures of the Spanish Peninsula_ (JM Den & Sons, New York/London/Toronto, 1925).
Fife, Graeme, _Arthur the King: the Themes behind the Legends_ (NY: Sterling Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8069-8344-2.) The development of Arthurian literature including the themes of chivalry, courtly love, hunting, magic and the Holy Grail. Color, b/w illustrations.
Gardner, Edmund Garratt, _The Arthurian Legend in Italian Literature_ (JM Dent & Sons, London; EP Dutton & Co, New York, 1930).
Goodrich, Norma L., _King Arthur_ (Harper&Row, 1986. ISBN 0-06-097182-7.) Also wrote _Merlin_.
Jung, Emma and Marie-Louise von Franz, _The Grail Legend_ (Sigo Press, 1986. ISBN 0-938434-08-X.)
Hibbert, Christopher, _The Search for King Arthur_ (London, 1972?) Another one of the survey studies of the legend of Arthur.
Jaffray, Robert, _King Arthur and the Holy Grail_ an examination of the early literature pertaining to the legends of King Arthur and of the Holy Grail, together with a brief review of the theories relating to the latter-intended… (New York, G.P. Putnam, 1928).
Jenkins, Elizabeth _The Mystery of King Arthur_ (NY: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc., 1975; London: George Rainbird, 1975.) This is a pictorial coffee book in the best sense of the word. It's the standard survey through the material with contemporary illustrations ranging from a photograph of the white horse at Uffington and the late Roman cataphract from Dura-Europos proceeding through mediaeval illustrations, many in colour and ending up with the Victorian paintings of William Morris and Edward Burn Jones.
Jones, Bedwyr Lewis, _Arthur Y Cymry, The Welsh Arthur_ (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1975). It discusses in great detail exactly what information we have about Arthur, and – more importantly – considers what kind of conclusions can be drawn about the real origins of these sources.
Jones, William Lewis, _King Arthur in History and Legend_ (Cambridge, Eng. University Press, 1911, 1914, 1933).
Kittregge, George Lyman, _Arthur and Gorlagon_ (Boston: Ginn and Co., 1903).
Lacy, Norris J., ed, _The Arthurian Encyclopedia_ (ISBN: 0-85115-253-8). The first reference book to offer a comprehensive and critical treatement of Arthurian topics. This work involves over 50 scholars and contains a wide range of entries in the arts and media; Arthurian characters; history, legend and archaelogy; themes and motifs; and a wealth of literature. Illustrated.
Lagorio, Valerie M. and Mildred Leake Day, eds., _King Arthur through the Ages_ (New York:Garland Pub, 1990).
Lampo, Hubert and Pieter Paul Koster, _Arthur and the Grail_ (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1988). Originally published in Dutch under _Arthur_. Introduction by Colin Wilson.
Lewis, Charles Bertram. _Classical mythology and Arthurian romance_; a study of the sources of Chrestien de Toryes' "Yvain" and other Arthurian romances, by Charles Bertram Lewis. London, New York [etc.] Pub. for St. Andrews university by H. Milford, Oxford university press, 1932.
Lindsay, Jack, _Arthur and his times : Britain in the Dark Ages_ (London : Frederick Muller, c1958).
Loomis, Roger Sherman, _Arthurian Tradition and Chretien de Troyes_, (New York, Columbia University Press ).
Loomis, Roger Sherman, _Arthurian legends in medieval art_ (London, Oxford University Press; New York, Modern Language Association of America, 1938).
Loomis, Roger Sherman, _Arthurian literature in the Middle Ages: a collaborative history_ (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1959).
Loomis, Roger Sherman, _Celtic myth and Arthurian romance_ (New York, Columbia University Press, 1927, reprints).
Loomis, Roger Sherman, _Wales and the Arthurian legend_ (Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1956).
Loomis, Roger Sherman, _The Grail: from Celtic Myth to Christian Symbol_ (Princeton: Princeton U. Press, 1991. ISBN 0-691-02075-2.)
McCarthy, Terrence, _An Introduction to Malory_ (ISBN: 0-85991-325-2). Malory's approach to his material is discussed, as are his sources, and his individual contribution; finally, Malory and his book are placed in their historical context.
Markale, Jean, _King Arthur, King Of Kings_ (translated by Christine Hauch. London ; New York : Gordon & Cremonesi, 1977). Originally published as _Le roi Arthur et la societe celtique_.
Matthews, Caitlin, _Arthur and the Sovereignty of Britain : King and Goddess in the Mabinogion_ (illustrated by Chesca Potter. London, England ; New York, N.Y., USA : Arkana, 1989).
Matthews, John, _An Arthurian Legend_ (London: Aquarian Press, 1991. ISBN 0-85030-909-3.)
Matthews, John, _The Elements of the Arthurian Tradition_. Who was King Arthur? What is the Holy Grail? Who were the Faery Women of Arthur's Court? What is the Fellowship of the Round Table? Who are the Dwellers in Avalon? Answers these and other questions about the legend of Arthur.
Matthews, John, _The Elements of the Grail Tradition_. Here, in vivid historical detail, Matthews reveals the many facets of the Holy Grail and its tradition. Includes explanations of the myth of the Fisher King, the Four Hallows, the "Holiest Earth" of Glastonbury and the Wasteland.
Millar, Ronald William, _Will the real King Arthur please stand up?_ (London : Cassell, 1978).
Monell, Charles M., _Five hundred years of King Arthur_ ([Fullerton, Calif.] : The Patrons of the Library, California State University, Fullerton, c1987). The text is a lecture by Dr. Monell delivered at the opening of the King Arthur exhibit at the California State Library, Sacramento, on July 28, 1985 … "–p. . The article first appeared in the July 1985 Bulletin of the California State Library Foundation.
Morris, John, _The age of Arthur; a history of the British Isles from 350 to 650_ (New York, Scribner ).
Nitze, William Albert, _Arthurian romance and modern poetry and music_ (Chicago, Ill., The University of Chicago Press [c1940]).
Pickford, Cedric Edward, Rex Last and Christine R. Barker, eds., _The Arthurian Bibliography_ (Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] : D.S. Brewer ; Totowa, N.J. : Biblio, -1983).
Ratcliffe, Eric, _The Great Arthurian Timeslip_ (Stevenage and Bungay [Eng.] : ORE, 1978).
Reid, Margaret Jane Cornfute, _The Arthurian Legend_ (Edinburgh [etc.] Oliver and Boyd ).
Ritson, Joseph, _The life of King Arthur: from ancient historians and authentic documents_ (London, Payne and Foss [etc.] 1825).
Robinson, Joseph Armitage, _Two Glastonbury legends: King Arthur and St. Joseph of Arimathea_ (Cambridge [Eng.] The University Press, 1926).
Saklatvala, Beram, _Arthur, Roman Britain's Last Champion_ (Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1971.) An unconventional study of King Arthur.
Scherer, Margaret Roseman, _About the Round Table_, (New York, 1945).
Simpson, Roger, _The Athurian Revival and Tennyson, 1800-1849_ ISBN: 0-85991-300-7. A study of the interest in Arthurian literature in the early part of the nineteenth century. There is a complete bibliography of early 19th-century Arthurian poetry, drama, and prose fiction together with catalogues of paintings and illustrated books.
Skene, William Forbes, author; Derek Bryce, ed., _Arthur and the Britons in Wales and Scotland_ (Lampeter [Wales] : Llanerch Enterprises, c1988).
Starr, Nathan Comfort, _King Arthur today; the Arthurian legend in English and American Literature, 1901-1953_, (Gainesville, University of Florida Press 1954).
Surtees, Scott Frederick, _Merlin and Arthur_, ([Hertford, S. Austin and sons, printers], 1871).
Taylor, Beverly and Elisabeth Brewer, _The Return of King Arthur_ (DS Brewer, Cambridge, 1983.) Contains an extensive bibliography in the back.
Thompson, Raymond, _The Return From Avalon_ (Greenwood, Westport, 1985). This is an excellent recent study of modern Arthurian literature.
Tolstoy, Nikolai, _The Quest for Merlin_ (Little, Brown, 1985. ISBN 0-316-85066-7.)
Treharne, R. F. (Reginald Francis), _The Glastonbury legends: Joseph of Arimathea, the Holy Grail and King Arthur_, (London, Cresset P., 1967).
Trevelyan, Marie, _The Land of Arthur, its Heroes and Heroines_, (London, J. Hogg [pref. 1895]).
Vinaver, Eugene, _King Arthur's sword; or, The making of a medieval romance_, (Manchester, Eng., John Rylands Library and the Manchester University Press, 1958).
Vinaver, Eugene, _Malory_ ([1st ed.], reprinted with a new preface. London, Clarendon P., 1970).
Whitaker, Muriel. _The Legends of King Arthur in Art_. ISBN 0-85991-306-6. This is a study of works of art inspired by legends of King Arthur and his knights and produced over a period of nine centuries in Europe and North America. It covers illuminated manuscripts, printed books, sculpture, pavements, all paintings, easel paintings, etc.
Whitehead, John, _Guardian of the Grail, a new light on the Arthurian legend_, ([London] Jarrolds ).
Wildman, S. G. _The Black Horses, English Inns and King Arthur_ (London: John Baker, 1971).
Williams, Charles and C.S. Lewis, _Arthurian Torso_. Two long essays. The first, by Williams, is a lengthy history of the development of the Arthurian legend, discussing the entry of the various great themes (i.e., courtly love, the Grail, etc.) and how it affected the legend that had existed to that point. The second, by Lewis, is an indispensible guide to Williams' own Arthurian poems (cited in the Poetry section). These essays, along with William's poems, can be found in trade paperback from Eerdmans' Press, Grand Rapids.
4. Medieval and Early Texts
_Gawain and the Grene Knight_. Many translations, including one by JRR Tolkien (_Sir Gawain and the Green Knight_, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1930).
_Lancelot of the Lake_. Available in pb from Oxford's "The World's Classics" series. Anonymous, Arthurian cycle: _Lancelot of the Lake_, _The Quest of the Holy Grail_, and _The Death of Arthur_. Available in pb from Penguin. Most later Arthurian texts (especially Mallory) are based on these, the same way most texts after Chretien derived from Chretien. The first listed, the "short" or "non-cyclic prose Lancelot," is a very interesting point in the development of the legend: Lancelot is not yet involved in the Grail quest (indeed, it is implied that it has already occurred by the time he comes to King Arthur's court). The "cycle" is the first (existing) text, or set of texts, to unite all the fundamental themes of the mythos. Also available from Penguin is a single volume edition with two long poetic "morts d'Artu," under the title _The Death Of King Arthur_. One is in rhymed verse, the other in alliterative.
_The Mabinogion_ (many translations.) The Mabinogion is the collection of Welsh stories and legends, where elements of the Arthurian legend can be found. These probably form the basis for the legend as we have it today, though scholars seem to revise their opinions every now and then.
Blackmore, Sir Richard, _An Heroick Poem (London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchil, 1695). In ten books. Probably out of print.
Chretien de Troyes, _Arthurian Romances_ (Everyman's Library #698). Various translations. He was a 12th century writer/poet and the single most improtant influence on the development of the Arthurian mythos: it was he who linked Lancelot to Guinevere and who introduced the moral question of their affair (in _Lancelot, Or the Knight of the Cart_) and it was quite possibly he who brought the story of the Grail Quest to Arthur's court (in _Perceval_).
Chretien de Troyes, _Ywain, the Knight of the Lion_ (Translated by Robert W. Ackermand and Frederick W. Lock, Unger, New York, 1957, plus other translations).
Chretien de Troyes, _Perceval, The Story of the Grail_. (English translation by Nigel Bryant, ISBN: 0-85991-224-8). The story of the making of a knight in both worldly and spiritual terms, and the source of some of the most dramatic and mysterious adventures of romance.
Geoffrey of Monmouth, _History of the Kings of Britain_ (Penguin, 1966. ISBN 0-14-044170-0.) Fourteenth century historian.
Malory, Sir Thomas, _Le Morte D'Arthur_ (many editions). The classic 15th century rendition of Arthurian legend according the French tradition. About where Lancelot in his romantic, very French, form was added, and where the search for the Grail was put in Christian terms.
Matarosso, translator, _The Quest of the Holy Grail_ (Penguin, 1969. ISBN 0-14-044220-0.)
Middleton, Christopher, _The famous historie of Chinon of England_ (to which is added The assertion of King Arthure, translated by Richard Robinson from Leland's Assertio inclytissimi Arturii, together with… London, Pub. for the Early English Text Society by H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1925).
von Strassburg, Gottfried, _Tristan_ (Penguin, 1960. ISBN 0-14-044098-4.)
Wace and Layamon, _Arthurian Chronicles_, (with an introd. by Lucy Allen Paton. London ; New York : Dent, Dutton, [1921?]).
Wolfram von Eschenbach, _Parsival_ (Penguin, 1980. ISBN 0-14-044361-4.) Allows great insight into the mind of Chivalry for those with the patience. Modern translation of a medieval text.
5. Magazines and Articles
Lambides, Freya Reeves, pub., _Avalon to Camelot_ (Debra N. Mancoff, ed.) A quarterly journal started in Fall 1983, lasted for four regular issues to Summer 1984 before the publisher folded. Two more issues came out, but are not generally available. It had some excellent articles, and was well illustrated for a non-color production. Surviving copies may be collector's items.
6. Arthurian references
Coney, Michael Greatrex, _Fang, the Gnome_. (Signet/New American Library, ISBN 0-451-15847-4). The main characters are Fang, Nyneve, Avalona (the non-human who teaches Nyneve) and Merlin (Avalona's son). Arthurian characters who appear: Tristam and Iseult, Arthur, and Galahad - with the other characters appearing only in "the Game" played by Nyneve, Avalona and Merlin. The Game is used to enter an alternate reality and influence the characters there. Eventually the other reality merges with that of Earth and the Arthurian story becomes a reality.
Baigent, Michael, Richard Leigh, and Henry Lincoln. _Holy Blood, Holy Grail_. (Corgi, 1993, ISBN 0-552-12138-X, many reprints.) What it did was propose a revolutionary theory about what the "San Greal" was (a deliberate distortion for "Sang Real", the bloodline of Jesus - not just through lots of hints, such as the obvious reference through "Fisher King" with the Greek connection of the fish for Jesus, as well as the "I shall make you fishers of men" phrase in the Gospel, etc - but also through meticulously detailed research). Not directly about Arthur, but Arthur's connections with the Holy Grail myths are too strong to ignore.
Bradley, Michael. _Holy Grail Across the Atlantic_. 1988. Bradley carries on where Baigent, et al, leave off. As well as utilizing their book, he directly cites further details about an apparent conspiracy to introduce 'clue-books' in famous libraries in France and around Europe, over many decades. Bradley traces the Holy Grail from 'Before the Flood' - to Arthur - and from there across the Atlantic, - to Nova Scotia - (before Columbus), its possible residence in Montreal for many years, and then supposed return to Europe.
Cooper, Susan, _Over Sea, Under Stone_, _The Dark Is Rising_, _The Green Witch_, _The Grey King_, _Silver on the Tree_. Celtic derived fantasy, some references to Arthur. While these are "children's books," they present good reading for adults as well.
Kay, Guy Gavriel, _The Summer Tree_, _The Wandering Fire_ and _The Darkest Road_. Also known collectively as "The Fionavar Tapestry." Arthur, Lancelot and Guinevere are, in various forms, called back to assist in defeating The Unraveller in the one True World, Fionavar. In addition, the tale is steeped in Celtic mythology and part of the fun is matching characters back to specific myths and legends.
Knowles, Sir James, _The Legends of King Arthur and his Knights_, (London, New York: Warne and Co., 1895).
Lewis, C.S., _That Hideous Strength_ (part of a three book set). While it does have much non-Arthurian material, it does deal a good bit with the line of the Pendragons and one of the characters is the awakened Merlinus Ambrosius.
Matthews, Caitlin and John, _The Arthurian Book of Days_ (New York : Macmillan, c1990). Contains Arthurian events related to a particular point in the year. Illustrated with copies of rare paintings and illuminations.
Spenser, Edmund, _The Faerie Queene_. An excellent work and is Arthurian at least in some of its sections, and should be comprehensible to anyone who can read Malory.
Walton, Evangeline, _Prince of Annwn_, _The Children of Llyr_, _The Song of Rhiannon_ and _The Island of the Mighty_ (Del Rey, 1970). Modern reworkings of _The Mabinogion_. Excellently written. May be hard to find. Recently reissued in large tradeback, but is out of print.
7. Celtic Fiction
_Irish Fairy and Folk Tales_ (Dorset, 1986. ISBN 0-88029-073-0.)
Alexander, Lloyd, _The Book of Three_, The Black Cauldron_, _Castle of Llyr_, _Taran Wanderer_, _The High King_. Based on Celtic mythology, these are excellent "children's" books.
Bedier, Joseph, _Romance of Tristan & Iseult_ (Doubleday Anchor, 1945.)
Flynn, Casey, _The Gods of Ireland_ (Bantam/Spectra). This is a series of books which retell the mythic cycle of Irish legends. The individual books are short and do stand alone, at least the first two do.
Gantz, Jeffrey, _Early Irish Myths and Sagas_ (Penguin, 1981. ISBN 0-14-044-397-5.)
Humphreys, Emyr, _The Taliesin Tradition_, (Black Raven, 1983. ISBN 0-85159-002-0.) Boring.
Jackson, Kenneth, _A Celtic Miscellany_ (Penguin, 1951. ISBN 0-14-044247-2.)
Jacobs, Joseph, _Celtic Fairy Tales_ (Dover, 1968. ISBN 0-486-21826-0.)
Llywelyn, Morgan, _Red Branch_ (Ivy Books, Ballantine Books, 1989. ISBN: 0-8041-0591-X. Retells the story of the Irish warrior-hero: Cuchulain, the Hound of Ulster. Has also written _Grania_, _The Horse Goddess_, and _Lion of Ireland_.
Paxson, Diana L., _The White Raven_ (Avon Books, 1988). Retelling of the Tristan/Iseult legend, from the point of view of Iseult's slave/maid. A pretty, romantic sort of tale.
Peacock, Thomas Love. _The Misfortunes of Elphin_ (c1829; many reprints). An irreverent take on the Mabinogion.
Rolleston, T.W., _Myths and Legends of the Celtic Race_ (Constable, 1911. recent reprint, no date. ISBN 0-09-467720-4)
Weston, Jesse L. _From Ritual to Romance_ (Anchor, 1957.) A work on the grail.
Yeats, Wm. Butler, _The Celtic Twilight_ (Signet, 1962.)
Yeats, Wm. Butler and Lady Gregory, _A Treasury of Irish Myth, Legend, and Folklore_ (Avenel Books, 1986. ISBN: 0-517-48904-X. Irish tales, plus the legend of Cuchulain.
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