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                                How to get
                                 S P E E D
                 out of your HST and HST Dual Standard Modem
                            ACOS Version 2.01d5
                             and an Apple IIGS

  Brought to you by The Oggman, creator of OGG-Net Networking Systems
        Call Infinity's Edge (415) 820-9401 or any OGG-Net BBS


HST Basics

      Those of you who have spent big bucks on the HST modem, hoping to get

14.4K bps, have probably been disappointed, misled, or both. When used with ACOS, the HST will only get throughput of 9600 bps with NO COMPRESSION. Why is this? Well, its actually pretty simple.

      When you're dealing with high speed modems, you have to differenciate

between "connect rate" and "DTE rate." Connect rate is the speed in which both modems are talking with each other. You can get the connect rate by looking at the number after the CONNECT message (ig 1200, 2400, 9600) or by looking up the numeric result code. DTE rate is the rate at which the serial port is set at when it makes the call.

      HST's can be communicated to with DTE rates of up to 38400 bps.  This

means that, even though its only (!) a 9600 bps modem (so to speak), you can actually send commands to it at baud rates of up to 38400. In normal operations, the DTE rate will drop down to the connect rate as soon as the modem completes a call to the other modem.

Compression and 14.4K

      In order to use V.42 or MNP Level 5 data compression, THE DTE RATE HAS

TO BE HIGHER THAN THE CONNECT RATE. Likewise, to get actual throughput of higher than 9600 bps (12K, 14.4K), the DTE rate will have to be higher than 9600. So, for the Apple, this generally means your serial port will HAVE TO STAY AT 19,200 BAUD.

      Do you see the problem?  ACOS autobauds the serial port to whatever the

connect rate is. If someone connects at 9600 baud, then the serial port is set to 9600 baud, making data compression and high speed totally useless. So, what to do about this problem?

Making the Change

      To make your HST operate at its optimum efficiency, you'll have to fix

the DTE rate of your modem and make a little change to your ACOS.OBJ file. First, run the CONFIG.SYS program and choose GS Modem Port and the HST modem (sorry, I haven't deciferd what to do for the SSC yet. Maybe later). Change the init string so &D2 is replaced by &B1 (&D2 does absolutely nothing), and the X6 is changed to X4. &B1 will fix your modem's DTE rate. Pick 19200 for the default baud rate. You should also make sure your NVRAM settings include &K1 and &H1. These settings are needed for data compression and flow control.

      Now, load BASIC.SYSTEM and type the following:

bload acos.obj,a$800 (loads the ACOS.OBJ file) call -151 (enter monitor) ff0:ea ea ea ea ea ea (make the change) bsave acos.obj,a$800,l$5300 (save it)

      Now, all you have to do is run your board and you're set.  The modem

will fix its DTE (the &B1) at 19200 (the default baud rate). When someone calls, ACOS will no longer reset the DTE rate to the connect rate, but keep it at 19200. Info(2) will still contain the connect rate/300, however.

Warp Speed on the HST

      So, now we have our HST's zooming along with a fixed DTE rate of 19200.

This is the best we can get, right? Well, we know that the HST will operate at DTE rates of up to 38400 baud, but the Apple IIGS serial port will only go to 19200. Or will it?

      Well, very recently, Apple guru Guy T. Rice came out with a little CDA

called Fastport GS 38.4 that will actually open up the Apple IIGS modem port at 38400 baud. It appears that 19200 is only a firmware limit, not a limit of the SCC chip. After decifering Mr. Rice's little desk accessory, I mananged to incorporate it into an ACOS mod that will actually fix the DTE rate of the modem port to 38400, allowing the maximum throughput of the HST for ACOS 2.0d5 bulletin boards.

WARNING: Even with a 7 mhz Transwarp GS card installed, 38400 baud is VERY fast and you'll probably get dropped characters. This might not be a problem once we get 10 or 13 mhz out of our amazing machines, but until then, do this mod with caution. I personally have found no problem with this mod on my 6.25 mhz GS.

      First, run CONFIG.SYS just as above making the same changes.  Run

BASIC.SYSTEM and type the following:

bload acos.obj,a$800 (loads the ACOS.OBJ file) call -151 (enter monitor) ff0:ea ea ea ea ea ea (make the change) ffd:20 30 10 ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea 1030:78 a9 0c 8d 38 c0 a9 01 8d 38 c0 a9 0d 8d 38 c0 a9 00 8d 38 c0 60 bsave acos.obj,a$800,l$5300 (save it)

Calling Out

      As a BBS user, you will also have to do your part in getting the best

throughput for your HST.

      First, you will also have to fix your modem's DTE rate to the highest

baud rate possible (19200 normally, 38400 using the Fastport CDA). To do this, set your baud rate at its highest level, and type AT&B1&K1&H1 and return while in the terminal mode of your term program.

      Now for the hard part.  Proterm and most every other term program for

the Apple has the same problem that ACOS has; it autobauds. I don't have a quick fix for this, but you can get around it. Just call the HST board with a baud rate of 19200 (or 38400). It will connect at 9600 like normal. Once it connects, however, change the baud rate back to what it was. In Proterm, do an OA-O and put it back to 19200. If you have the Fastport CDA installed, activate it once you connect with the HST board.

      That should do it.  If you have any questions, I can be reached at my

board Infinity's Edge (user #1) or through any board in the OGG-Net network.

Paul Parkhurst The Oggman

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